About This Chapter
Standard: Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.
About This Chapter
Students who have mastered this standard will be able to read, understand, and analyze various texts such as essays, stories, and poems. With appropriate citation from the literature, students will provide evidence to support ideas and interpretations.
Lessons in this standard cover concepts such as:
- How to analyze a literary passage
- Determining the main points of an essay
- Understanding inference
- Utilizing reading strategies such as context clues, prior knowledge, cross-text comparison, and empathy
- Considering audience
- Deciphering meaning
Students demonstrate mastery of these concepts when independently reading and comprehending complex literature. With this mastery, students can write thoughtful, insightful papers that use textual evidence to support ideas.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some tips for how to use these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.1 standard:
Literary Passage Analysis Lessons
Read a brief literary passage as a class. Discuss the passage and ask questions that require skills from lesson. Watch the video lesson 'How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide together. Have another class discussion incorporating concepts presented in the video. Debrief the students, having them compare and contrast their levels of understanding after acquisition of new knowledge.
Reading Strategies Lessons
Watch the lessons on reading strategies. Have students complete a worksheet in which they identify context clues and, using those clues, define specified terms.
Have students watch lessons on drawing inferences and mood in poetry. Divide the class into groups of two and assign a different poem to each group. Students will use skills from the lesson to prepare a brief presentation on the mood of the literature. Students must include at least 2 quotes from the text to support their interpretations.
1. How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide
In this lesson, we will examine the steps involved in the basic analysis of literature. Then, using a well-known fable, we will go through each step of analysis: comprehension, interpreting and drawing conclusions.
2. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.
3. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
4. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
5. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
6. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
7. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation
In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.
8. How to Determine the Best Audience or Readers for an Essay
Who should be reading this? Not every essay can be enjoyed by everyone equally. How do you know who is the best target for an essay? This lesson will help you figure that out.
9. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA - Literature Grades 11-12: Standards course
- Themes & Central Ideas: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.2
- Word Choice & Meaning: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.4
- Structure of a Text:CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.5
- Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.6
- American Literature: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.9
- Literature Lessons for Grades 11-12: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.11-12.10