About This Chapter
Standard: Cite the textual evidence that most strongly supports an analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text.
About This Chapter
Students who have gained competency in this standard are able to analyze, comprehend, interpret and draw conclusions while reading literature selections. They are also adept at determining the most appropriate audience for pieces of writing.
Lessons in this standard include concepts such as:
- Determining theory and main points
- Tips for making inferences
- Strategies for using context clues
- Understanding how to employ prior knowledge
Students demonstrate mastery of this standard when responding to literature orally or in writing. They also write essays appropriate for given audiences. Proficiency in this standard supports their college and career readiness because being able to understand, analyze and interpret writing supports comprehension skills valuable in college courses and on-the-job.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some ideas for using these lessons to support instruction in the CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.1 standard:
Reading Comprehension Strategy Lessons
View the video lesson containing the step-by-step guide to analyzing a literary passage with your students. Dividing the class into small groups, assign each group a familiar fairy tale or fable. Challenge the groups to diagram their stories, much as 'The Tortoise and the Hare' was done in the lesson. However, they will affix the pertinent story details directly to their chart paper diagrams. Groups then present their diagrams to the class.
Reading Interpretation Strategy Lessons
Groups reconvene, listing point-of-view and any symbolism or literary devices used in their assigned stories. Present and discuss.
Drawing Conclusions Strategy Lessons
Based on knowledge gleaned during class-wide discussions, each group will now be assigned another group's story and assigned the task of determining a conclusion, lesson learned, message or theme for that new story. Groups should be ready to offer justification of their choices.
1. How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide
In this lesson, we will examine the steps involved in the basic analysis of literature. Then, using a well-known fable, we will go through each step of analysis: comprehension, interpreting and drawing conclusions.
2. How to Analyze Plot: Steps and Examples
In this lesson, we will discuss how to analyze a plot in three basic steps. We will take these three steps and break them down to understand how to analyze a plot by analyzing a fable.
3. How to Analyze Characters in Literature: Explanation and Examples
In this lesson, we will learn to analyze characters in literature by comprehending, interpreting and drawing conclusions about each character. We will look at a story to practice analyzing characters.
4. How to Analyze Settings in Literature: Explanation and Examples
In this lesson, we will learn what a setting is, why it is important and how to analyze it. The setting can be extremely important in literature and helps develop characters, the plot and the theme.
5. Improving Reading Comprehension: Tips and Tricks
In this lesson, we're going to explore some tips and tricks to improve reading comprehension. We'll discover how active reading works and practice some techniques that will promote better understanding of reading materials.
6. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.
7. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
8. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
9. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
10. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
11. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
12. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation
In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.
13. How to Determine the Best Audience or Readers for an Essay
Who should be reading this? Not every essay can be enjoyed by everyone equally. How do you know who is the best target for an essay? This lesson will help you figure that out.
14. Citing Textual Evidence to Support Analysis
In this lesson, we're going to learn how to analyze a text and cite evidence to support an analysis. We'll also learn the difference between quotations, paraphrases, and summaries, and we'll talk about how to give credit where credit is due.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Literature: Standards course
- Analyze Themes: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.2
- Analyze Dialogue: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.3
- Analyze Word Choice: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.4
- Analyze Structure of a Text: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.5
- Analyze Point of View: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.6
- Analyze Elements in Different Artistic Mediums: CCSS.CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.7
- How Authors Use Source Materials: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.9
- Literature Lessons for Grade 8: CCSS.ELA-Literacy.RL.8.10