About This Chapter
Cities of Vesuvius: Pompeii & Herculaneum- Chapter Summary
Work through the lessons in this chapter to review and solidify your understanding of the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum. Inside the chapter, you'll find short video and text lessons that describe how these cities operated, what they looked like and how they were affected by the nearby Mount Vesuvius. You'll also examine methods that archaeologists and historians have used to research these cities. After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
- Recognize the geographical features of Vesuvius and its nearby cities
- Trace the history of Mount Vesuvius' eruptions
- Understand how historians and archaeologists have been able to learn about these cities
- Evaluate the economic, social and political structures of Pompeii and Herculaneum
- Assess the role of religion in Pompeii and Herculaneum
- Describe the daily life, art and architecture of Herculaneum and Pompeii
Following each lesson is a short quiz to help you retain the concepts and terms you've studied. Take the final chapter exam to make sure you've taken away the most important topics from each lesson. These lessons can be studied at any time and accessed on any device that has an Internet connection. You can also submit questions to our instructors and jump to specific lessons from your course Dashboard.
1. Geography of Vesuvius: Pompeii & Herculaneum
The eruption of Vesuvius is one of the most famous disasters in history. In this lesson, we'll explore this topic from both physical and human geography, and see how the tragedy preserved what could have been lost knowledge about Roman city life.
2. Mount Vesuvius: Facts, Eruptions & History
Mount Vesuvius is an active volcano in Italy. Over the past thousand years, there have been multiple eruptions, most notably in 79 AD. This lesson will cover the facts about Mount Vesuvius.
3. Archaeological Evidence of Pompeii & Herculaneum
Natural disasters cause a lot of destruction. Typhoons wash away whole towns, earthquakes swallow buildings. Volcanoes cover whole towns, preserving them for centuries, as with the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
4. Evaluating Evidence of Pompeii & Herculaneum
Pompeii and Herculaneum are some of the most visited archeological sites in the world, but they could have easily been destroyed long ago. Let's see how early archeology almost ruined the sites, and modern archeology is trying to save it.
5. Pompeii & Herculaneum: Economy, Politics & Social Structure
Let's explore the rich abundance along ancient Rome's Italian Riviera. In this lesson, we will learn about the commercial, industrial, social, and political life in Pompeii and Herculaneum.
6. Daily Life in Pompeii & Herculaneum
The ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were tragically destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 A.D. In this lesson, discover how archaeologists make sense of the Roman way of life from evidence found at the sites, and explore the daily life of an ancient Pompeiian.
7. Religion in Pompeii & Herculaneum
Ancient Romans took their religion very seriously. In this lesson, we're going to look at evidence about Roman religion found in Pompeii and Herculaneum, and see what this tells us about life inside the Empire.
8. Art & Architecture of Pompeii & Herculaneum
In this lesson, we'll explore evidence from Pompeii and Herculaneum's art and architecture that sheds light on Roman culture. We'll pay particular attention to public and private spaces, as well as the ways Greek and Egyptian art influenced the Romans.
9. Mural Paintings in Pompeii: Subject, Style & Technique
When archaeologists uncovered the city of Pompeii, which had been buried in volcanic ash for over 1,000 years, they discovered four styles of mural paintings. Learn about the First Style, Second Style, Third Style, and Fourth Style of wall murals.
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Other chapters within the HSC Ancient History: Exam Prep & Syllabus course
- Old Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- New Kingdom of Ancient Egypt
- Ancient Egyptian Economy & Society
- Ancient Egyptian Culture & Customs
- Important Ancient Egyptian Personalities
- Ancient Assyria Overview
- Israel & Judah from Solomon to the Fall of Jerusalem
- Ancient Israel Overview
- Important Near East Personalities
- Persia from Cyrus II to Darius III
- Ancient Persia Overview
- Ancient Minoans
- Mycenaean Civilization
- Ancient Greece from 500-399 BC
- Ancient Greece: Athens Overview
- Ancient Greece: Sparta Overview
- 4th Century Greece Till the Death of Philip II of Macedon
- Important Ancient Greek Personalities
- Ancient Rome from 264 to 31 BC
- Ancient Rome from 44 BC to AD 235
- Important Ancient Roman Personalities
- HSC Ancient History Flashcards