About This Chapter
Cities & Urban Land Use - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In this chapter, our instructors will take you through a series of short lessons on the origin, growth, development and population demographics of cities. You will review how cities are structured, which models they follow and how residential and business areas are designed. You will also examine questions of energy and land use, urban sprawl and other related issues. The lessons contain the material shown below:
- Origin and growth of cities and urban societies
- Models for urban settlement and geography
- Structural models for cities in the United States
- Distribution of services, land use and the downtown area
- City housing, and population growth, demographics and composition
- Urban growth, decline and sustainability issues
|Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented||Describe the history of the rise of cities.|
|The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization||Identify patterns of urban settlement.|
|Urban Geography & Settlement Models||Explain the rank-size rule, law of primate city and more.|
|U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models||Evaluate the Burgess, sector and multiple nuclei models.|
|Service Distribution: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis||Summarize the theory of central place and market area analysis.|
|City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government||Explore societal and other factors that impact land use in cities.|
|Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad||Investigate characteristics and logistics of downtown and central business areas.|
|Residential Land Use: Types of Housing||Assess various types of housing densities.|
|Urban Population Growth and Compact Development||Discuss urban population issues.|
|Demographic Composition & Population Features of Cities||Research urban population demographics.|
|Issues of Growth & Decline in Urban Areas||Explain urban growth and decline.|
|Urban Sustainability: Definition & Issues||Define and discuss issues related with urban sustainability.|
1. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented
In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.
2. The Rise of Urban Societies & Current Patterns of Urbanization
People live in many different places: cities, suburbs, and the country. In this lesson, we'll look at historical and modern trends having to do with cities, including how the Industrial Revolution and urban renewal programs impacted urban populations.
3. Urban Geography & Settlement Models
In this lesson, learn about some settlement models that help to explain the hierarchy and interaction between the urban areas of a country. Examine the law of the primate city, the rank-size rule and the gravity model, and explore some examples.
4. U.S. Urban Structures: Concentric Zone, Sector & Multiple Nuclei Models
How are cities organized? This is a central question that has been explored for almost a century. In this lesson, we'll look at three of the common models to explain urban structures in America: the Burgess model, the sector model, and the multiple nuclei model.
5. Service Distribution: Central Place Theory & Market-Area Analysis
This lesson seeks to explain the central place theory and market area analysis. In doing this, we will highlight range, threshold, competition, and transportation.
6. City Land Use: Economy, Social Factors & Government
Land is at a premium in urban areas, and choices have to be made about how to use different parcels of city land. In this lesson, we'll look at different factors that affect city land use, including government, physical, social, and economic factors.
7. Downtown, the Central Business District: Land Use Issues in the U.S. & Abroad
When people picture a city skyline, they are often picturing the downtown area. In this lesson, we'll explore downtown areas, including their relationship to the central business district of a city and characteristics of them.
8. Residential Land Use: Types of Housing
The design and growth of most cities in the modern industrialized world is planned and subject to government regulations. In this lesson, you'll learn about high, medium, and low-density housing.
9. Urban Population Growth and Compact Development
The population growth rates in urban areas are on the rise, and as more people move to cities, there are many problems that can occur. We will discuss several issues associated with this growth and also a potential method for minimizing the effects.
10. Demographic Composition & Population Features of Cities
In this lesson, explore the composition and characteristics of the population of our cities. Examine some basic concepts and important demographics, like age, gender and income and learn about how qualitative and quantitative data is used.
11. Issues of Growth & Decline in Urban Areas
Growth and decline in urban areas can both bring problems for the people living there. In this lesson, learn about some of the common housing and social problems that often arise in cities when they are either growing or decaying.
12. Urban Sustainability: Definition & Issues
In this lesson, learn about the unique challenges cities face when trying to be sustainable. Explore some of the key problems and issues they have to combat, and look at ways they can solve them.
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Other chapters within the AP Human Geography: Exam Prep course
- Introduction to Geography Concepts
- Geographic Maps, Tools and Technology
- Overview of Human-Environmental Interaction
- Population & Migration
- Population & Demographic Changes
- The Components of Culture
- Cultural Identity
- Cultural Geography
- Politics, Nations & Geography
- Land Survey Methods
- Agricultural Revolutions & Domestication
- Agricultural Geography
- Issues in Contemporary Agriculture
- Theories of Economic Development
- Industrialization & Economic Development
- The World Economy
- AP Human Geography Flashcards