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Ch 51: Civilizations in Latin America - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy

About This Chapter

This chapter goes over important historical events involved with the growth of Latin America Civilizations, providing you with a review of everything you'll need to know on the subject when taking the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy exam.

MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy: Civilizations in Latin America - Chapter Summary

This chapter will give you a detailed look at the significant events and developments within early Latin America that you'll want to be familiar with going into the exam. By the end of this chapter, you'll have bolstered your comprehension of:

  • Mesoamerican civilizations
  • Ancient Andean peoples
  • Pre-Columbian culture and development
  • Early civilizations of the Andes
  • The Inca civilization and Pizarro
  • The Mexican Revolution
  • Mexico, Central America, Chile, Columbia, and Peru after World War II
  • US support of coups in Latin America
  • Civil War in Central America
  • Contemporary political and economic challenges of Argentina and Brazil

After completing each lesson, you'll be able to make sure you understood all of the content covered with a practice quiz that you can also print as a worksheet and study with offline. You can use the dashboard feature to manage all of your studying activity and jump to your courses and related quizzes.

MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy: Civilizations in Latin America Chapter Objectives

Passing the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy test is one of the conditions for certification to teach the subject in Massachusetts. You'll have four hours to complete the 100 multiple-choice questions and 2 open-response items included on the exam, which is administered on a computer.

This chapter will come in handy when preparing for the history subtest, which will comprise 20% of your final exam score. This subtest includes questions focused on the cultural developments of early Latin America civilizations, and, using this chapter as an aid, you'll be sure to get through them successfully.

12 Lessons in Chapter 51: Civilizations in Latin America - MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

1. Mesoamerican Civilizations: The Olmecs to Cortes

This lesson focuses on the early cultures of Mesoamerica. The Olmec, Maya, and Aztecs developed great civilizations in Mesoamerica over millennia. Then, after all of this development and the building of a great empire, the Aztec were quickly defeated by Hernando Cortes.

Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca

2. Ancient Andean Peoples: Chavin & Inca

In this lesson, we will explore the Chavin and Inca civilizations of South America. We will study the rise and fall of these two cultures, as well as their major characteristics.

Pre-Columbian Culture & Development

3. Pre-Columbian Culture & Development

Pre-Columbian civilization in the Americas was much more than tipis and friendly natives. Native Americans built empires connected by roads, performed massive controlled burns, and changed the course of the Mississippi River.

Early Civilizations of the Andes

4. Early Civilizations of the Andes

The Inca were far from the first society to thrive in the Andes Mountains. This lesson introduces the Andes as a region, as well as the cultures of the Chavin, Moche, and Nazca peoples.

The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

5. The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

The Incan Empire was an amazing empire of the early Americas. Their accomplishments rival those of many other great empires, but they were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in only a few years.

The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events

6. The Mexican Revolution: Causes & Initial Events

The Mexican Revolution started in response to the dictatorship of Porfirio Diaz. In this video, we look at the causes of the Revolution, and then explore the initial events that led to the removal of Diaz.

The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects

7. The Mexican Revolution: Aftermath & Effects

In this video, we examine the civil war that broke out in Mexico after Porfirio Diaz was removed from power as the various parties competed with each other for power. A quiz will follow.

Mexico and Central America After World War II

8. Mexico and Central America After World War II

This lesson will explore post-war Central America and Mexico. It will highlight the Guatemalan Civil War and the Nicaraguan Revolution, as well as the PRI's single party domination of Mexico.

Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II

9. Chile, Colombia & Peru After World War II

This lesson will explain the turbulent years of post-World War II Peru, Colombia, and Chile. In doing this, it will focus on the violent conflicts between leftists, civilian, and conservative military forces.

US Support of Coups in Latin America

10. US Support of Coups in Latin America

Many find it hard to believe that the United States would sponsor a coup against another country, especially one with the support of the people. However, that's exactly what happened in Latin America.

Civil War in Central America

11. Civil War in Central America

During the Cold War, numerous civil wars plagued Central America. This lesson takes a look at some of the dynamics of the wars in Nicaragua, Guatemala, and El Salvador.

Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges

12. Argentina & Brazil: Contemporary Political & Economic Challenges

Despite being fierce competitors in the World Cup, Argentina and Brazil have very similar backgrounds with respect to economic and political development over the past hundred years.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the MTEL Political Science/Political Philosophy (48): Practice & Study Guide course

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