About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Civilizations of Mesopotamia, Egypt and Kush chapter into 7 school days. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Day 1||The Great Flood, river systems, physical settings and agriculture||Discussion of population migrations, Egypt and Mesopotamia's agriculture and river systems and the physical settings of early settlers|
|Day 2||Cities, pastoralism, empire creations||Invention of cities, horse people, nomadic pastoralism and the creation of the horse and chariot, bronze, walls and roads|
|Day 3||Language, money, Fertile Crescent||Language and writing development, history of money and the Fertile Crescent|
|Day 4||Egyptian art and architecture||History and characteristics of Egyptian art and architecture|
|Day 5||Mesopotamian kings, Egyptian trading and Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses||History of Mesopotamian kings; role of Egyptian trading in the Nile Valley and Mediterranean; the significance of Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses the Great|
|Day 6||Hammurabi's Code and the Kush Civilization||A summary of Hammurabi's Code; location of the Kush Civilization and the commercial, cultural and political influences of the Kush Civilization on Egypt|
|Day 7||Hierarchical structures and Persian Empire||History of chiefs, emperors and the Persian Empire; discussion of the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian empires|
1. Development of Hierarchical Structures: Chiefs to Emperors in History
This lesson will explore society's need for hierarchies, as well as kinship as a basis of hierarchical structures. Various forms of hierarchy will be briefly explored and...spoiler alert...they all come back to kinship.
2. The Great Flood and Population Migrations
The Great Flood myth has been around for over eight millennia. Could it be more than a myth? What could have caused such a flood, and what effects has it had on humans?
3. Villages to Cities: How Cities Were Invented
In this video lesson, you'll meet Uruk, a lone farmer living in ancient Mesopotamia. As Uruk tries to become a successful farmer, he realizes the difficulties in sustaining a fruitful farm without the help of a community. Watch to understand how these difficulties contributed to the creation of villages and cities throughout history.
4. Walls, Roads & Bronze: Tools of Empire Creation
Learn some of the tools of the empire creation trade. In this video lesson, we'll explore the wall as a tough nut to be cracked, the strategic importance of roads and the advances made possible by bronze.
5. The Horse and Chariot: Tools of Empire Creation
Horses were first used in warfare to pull chariots. Though horses were eventually ridden by cavalry, it was the chariot that first moved soldiers faster than man. In this lesson, you'll learn about the creation of the chariot, and its benefits during wartime.
6. Horse People and Nomadic Pastoralism: What is Civilization?
This lecture examines the downsides and limits of settled agriculture and civilization. It then explores how 'civilized' forces are able to displace other systems. Horse people are introduced as a counterpoint to civilization and nomadic pastoralism as a successful alternative method of living. Finally it follows the conflict between nomadic pastoralists and settled agriculturalists throughout history.
7. The History of Money and Rise of Complex Economies
This lecture covers the development of money in response to the needs of complex economies. It begins with a discussion of gift economies. It then examines the factors that led to the growth of commodity economies. Find out how we came to use money, rather than goods, for commerce.
8. The Fertile Crescent: Cradle of Civilization
Complex civilization wasn't always the norm. In this lesson, we are going to check out the origins of civilization as we know it, and see where, when, and how this new system of living first began.
9. Mesopotamian Kings: History, Politics & Religion
Ancient Mesopotamia was a land of chaotic weather and inner turmoil. Religion became a political weapon for fighting among the city-states. This lesson explores the link between religion and politics in the ancient land.
10. Hammurabi's Code: The Advent of Law, Prerequisites and Implications
This lecture discusses the need for law and the benefits of a judicial system. Next, it reviews the history of early law codes, like those of Ur-Nammu and Hammurabi. Finally, we look at the implications of law for kings.
11. Ancient Egypt in the Bronze Age
This lecture first compares the natural features of the Nile valley to those of Mesopotamia, enumerating the advantages that geography offered the Egyptians. This is followed by a brief discussion of why Egyptian material culture survives while so much of Mesopotamian culture has been lost. The lecture ends with a a whirlwind tour through 3,000 years of Egyptian history broken up into traditional historical periods.
12. Ancient Egyptian Art: History and Style
This lesson provides a brief look at the exquisite art of the Ancient Egyptians. Egyptian art contains images of people and deities that represent the culture in which they lived.
13. Ancient Egyptian Architecture: History, Characteristics & Influences
This lesson explores the architectural wonders of ancient Egypt. Some of these structures include temples, pyramids and monumental statues constructed long ago and surviving into modern times.
14. Major River Systems of Mesopotamia & Egypt
Without rivers, the civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia might have never existed. Learn more about the role that the Nile River played in Egypt and the Tigris and Euphrates rivers played in Mesopotamia.
15. How Physical Settings Supported Early Civilizations
When determining where to build their first villages, people had to consider many factors. This lesson explores how physical environments affected where the first villages and cities were built.
16. Agriculture in Ancient Egypt & Mesopotamia
Both the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians used rivers to develop impressive agricultural systems. However, each culture used rivers differently and, as a result, often had a very different relationship with the waters that nourished their fields.
17. The Evolution of Language in Ancient Civilizations
The changes that languages undergo over the course of a period of time give historians incredible hints as to what actually happened. Watch this lesson to learn how a hated empire was loved for the language it introduced, and another empire decided to adopt the language of the people it had just conquered.
18. How Writing Was Invented
Writing was literally an invention that not only changed history, but made its study possible. The Egyptians and the Mesopotamians were two of the first civilizations to invent writing. Learn how and why in this lesson!
19. Egyptian Trade in the Eastern Mediterranean & Nile Valley
Learn how Egypt used its many ports to grow its economy and how it traded for the goods that the Ancient World couldn't get enough of in this lesson. Then, test your knowledge with a short quiz.
20. Queen Hatshepsut & Ramses the Great of Egypt
While the pharaohs of Egypt may have ruled the land along the Nile for thousands of years throughout many dynasties, two names deserve special recognition as perhaps the greatest rulers. Learn more about Ramses the Great and Hatshepsut.
21. What Is the Kush Civilization?
While they may not get all the attention of other Egyptian neighbors, such as the Persians or Hittites, the Kush were a major factor in many of Egypt's decisions, both regarding trade and warfare. Learn about the Kush in this lesson.
22. The Kush Civilization & Ancient Egypt
While Egypt interacted with many different cultures, its relationship with the Kush was one of the most unique in history. Learn how this civilization not only conquered Egypt for a period of time, but even built their own pyramids.
23. The Neo-Babylonian & Neo-Assyrian Empires
With the arrival of iron, the political landscape of Mesopotamia would change forever. Learn how a metal changed the course of history for the Neo-Assyrians and the Neo-Babylonians in this lesson.
24. History of the Persian Empire
The Persian Empire has all the great aspects of an amazing story - an unlikely rise to power against an evil king, a ruler who is beloved by his people, and a military that was centuries ahead of its time.
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