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Ch 33: Civilizations of the Americas Before & After Colonization

About This Chapter

Watch these video lessons to review facts about Native American civilizations. Learn about North and South American peoples before European colonization, and get information about events after the Spanish arrived.

Civilizations of the Americas Before & After Colonization - Chapter Summary

Use this chapter's lessons to find out about the cultures and civilizations of America's first people. Our instructors explain the origins of these people, and look at their cultures in both North and South America. Later lessons look at Native America civilization after contact with Columbus and the Spanish settlers and soldiers that followed him. After watching these videos, you should know about:

  • The origins of America's native people
  • The Incas in pre-Columbian South America
  • Pre-Columbian civilizations in North America
  • Impact of European settlement on the Native Americans
  • Spanish explorers and colonies

You can study these lessons anytime you have a few minutes to spare, on a computer or mobile device. The quizzes that follow the lessons allow you to assess your knowledge, and also get practice answering these types of questions. Video tags make it quick work to return to the lesson and review a particular passage. If you need additional information, you are encouraged to contact the instructor.

5 Lessons in Chapter 33: Civilizations of the Americas Before & After Colonization
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

1. Native American History: Origins of Early People in the Americas

Because the first humans and civilizations got their start in Africa and the Middle East, historians and anthropologists have had to figure out how Native Americans got to the Americas. In this lesson we look at the three prevailing theories of the earliest migration to the New World.

The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

2. The Inca Civilization and Pizarro: Pre-Columbian South America

The Incan Empire was an amazing empire of the early Americas. Their accomplishments rival those of many other great empires, but they were defeated by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro in only a few years.

Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

3. Pre-Columbian Civilization: North American Indians Before Europeans

Watch this video for an overview of the cultural groups of Native Americans as they lived at the time of first contact with Europeans. Some of these groupings, like the tribes of the plains, changed so much due to the addition of European influences, such as horses, that there is only conjecture as to how exactly they lived before European contact.

Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

4. Effects of European Colonization: Christopher Columbus and Native Americans

The earliest explorers in the Western Hemisphere left a legacy that would shape the development of the Americas permanently. No matter what they came looking for, Europeans left behind death, horses, and metal.

New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

5. New Spain: Spanish Explorers and Spanish Colonies

Who are the most well-known explorers and conquistadors of the New World? In this lesson, we'll look at some of the most infamous explorers. We'll discover the difference between explorers and conquistadors, and then learn about the encomienda system.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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