Ch 3: Classical Greece

About This Chapter

The Classical Greece chapter of this Major Eras in World History Study Guide course is the most efficient way to study the history and culture of Ancient Greece. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus includes lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure you understand the essential concepts relating to Classical Greece.

Who's It For?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering Classical Grecian material will benefit from the lessons in this chapter. There is no faster or easier way to learn about the art, mythology and philosophy of Ancient Greece. Among those who would benefit are:

  • Students who want to learn a broad topic in a short amount of time
  • Students who are looking for easy ways to identify the most important information on the topic
  • Students who have fallen behind in memorizing events and people associated with Classical Greece
  • Students who prefer multiple ways of learning world history (visual or auditory)
  • Students who have missed class time and need to catch up
  • Students who have limited time to study for an upcoming exam

How It Works:

  • Watch each video in the course to review all key topics
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with a short quiz.
  • Complete your review with the Classical Greece chapter exam.

Why It Works:

  • Study Efficiently: The lessons in this course cover only information you need to know.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Take the Classical Greece chapter exam to make sure you're prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any questions about the culture and history of Ancient Greece. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students Will Review:

This chapter summarizes the material students need to know about Classical Greece for a standard world history course. Topics covered include:

  • The collapse of Mycenae
  • Greek colonization and the development of Greek city-states
  • Grecian government systems
  • The mythology and religious identity of Ancient Greece
  • Dorian, Ionic and Corinthian architecture
  • Tragic and comedic Grecian theatre
  • Presocratic philosophers and the foundations of modern philosophy
  • Alexandrian Hellenistic philosophers, including Euclid, Ptolemy and Archimedes
  • Socratic thought, Platonic idealism and Aristotelian logic

15 Lessons in Chapter 3: Classical Greece
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

1. From Mycenae's Collapse to Greek Colonization

This lesson covers the history of Greece from the collapse of Mycenae to the start of Greek Colonization. We watch its dissolution during the Dorian Invasion and take a look at Greece in the Dark Ages.

Greek City-States and Governments

2. Greek City-States and Governments

This is a lecture about Greek city states. It begins with an examination of the influence geography had on Greek politics, by comparing Greece to Egypt and Mesopotamia. This is followed by a loose characterization of Greek poleis in general, with specific attention paid to constitutions, colonialism and competition.

Greek Myth and Religion

3. Greek Myth and Religion

This lecture examines the troubles of generalizing Greek religion, before doing just that. It lists the major Olympian gods and their roles. It then explores the function of heroes in Greek religion. Next, the relationship between gods and men is laid out. Finally, it explores aspects of Greek myth that reemerge in Christianity.

Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

4. Ancient Greek Art, Pottery and Sculpture

A survey of the transitions in Greek art, with special emphasis placed on the importance of materials and technique. This lecture explores Greek pottery styles from geometric to Orientalizing to black- and red-figure vases. It then turns to sculpture from Archaic styles to realism to idealism. Slides are shown throughout to get students familiar with these Greek styles.

Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

5. Ancient Greek Architecture: Dorian, Ionic & Corinthian

This lecture discusses Greek architecture and its legacy. Enjoy our exploration of Greek columns, temples, stadiums, treasuries and theaters, and see why the Greeks might have reached the pinnacle of architectural achievement.

Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

6. Greek Theatre: Tragedy and Comedy

This lecture examines the function of theatre in Greek culture and religion, with special focus on the Athenians. It then explores the three different sorts of Greek theatre: satyr plays, comedy and tragedy, citing specific examples. Finally, we study the impact of theatre on Western civilization.

The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

7. The Birth of Philosophy: The Presocratics

This lecture covers the advent of philosophy. It first differentiates philosophy from religion, drawing parallels to modern science. It then establishes the basic questions of Presocratic philosophy: What is matter? and What causes change? The rest of the lecture demonstrates how these questions developed as they were tackled by generations of Presocratic philosophers. Finally, it makes plain our incredible debt to the Presocratics.

Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

8. Euclid, Archimedes & Ptolemy: Alexandrian Hellenistic Philosophers

This lecture recounts the achievements of the many great minds that called Alexandria home. We will look at Euclid, Ptolemy, Archimedes, Aristarchus, Herophilos, Erasistratus and Eratosthenes.

Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

9. Socrates: Life, Death and Philosophy

This lecture is a whirlwind tour through the life of Socrates. It begins with an explanation of the Socratic problem, followed by an examination of his philosophy. The lecture ends with a summary of Socrates' legacy.

Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

10. Platonic Idealism: Plato and His Influence

This lecture examines the philosophy and legacy of Plato. It covers the Allegory of the Cave, the Realm of Forms and Plato's views on politics and the soul. Finally, it shows Plato's enduring legacy in modern science.

Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

11. Aristotelian Logic: Aristotle's Central Concepts and Influence

This lesson will explore the life of the famous philosopher Aristotle. It will highlight his life in Northern Greece and Athens, as well as his interactions with Alexander the Great. It will also explain the main tenants of Aristotelian logic.

Homeric Epithets: Definition & Examples

12. Homeric Epithets: Definition & Examples

Homer's ''Iliad'' and ''Odyssey'' have shaped the literary imagination of generations. Throughout these vast works, people, places, and things are characterized with distinctive compound adjectives, known as Homeric epithets. This lesson examines their nature and function.

Panhellenic Cults of Zeus: Zeus Velchanos & Zeus Lykaios

13. Panhellenic Cults of Zeus: Zeus Velchanos & Zeus Lykaios

This lesson explores the unique situation in which there were Panhellenic cults to the Greek god Zeus. Learn about two major epithets to Zeus: Velchanos and Lykaios.

Oracles of Zeus: Dodona & Siwa

14. Oracles of Zeus: Dodona & Siwa

The ancient Greeks believed they could ask their gods direct questions, but only at certain and very special places. In this lesson, we'll examine two of Zeus' most important oracles and see how the Greeks used them to interpret the will of the gods.

Poseidon Epithets: Aegaeus & Hippios

15. Poseidon Epithets: Aegaeus & Hippios

Many of the Greek gods had various manifestations. In this lesson, we are going to check out the epithets of Poseidon and see when the Greeks would have used each one.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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