About This Chapter
Classical School of Management Overview - Chapter Summary
This comprehensive online corporate training chapter provides thorough and informative lessons about the classical school of management. Taught by expert business instructors, this chapter examines important managerial theories that were developed by the likes of Henri Fayol, Max Weber, Frederick Taylor, Mary Parker Follett and other theorists. Your staff will see how these theories relate to network management, worker satisfaction, impersonal management and more. The chapter comes with short quizzes, as well as an easy-to-use Ask the Expert feature that your managers and employees can use if they have any questions.
How It Helps
- Builds awareness: The lessons help employees develop an understanding of essential theories from the classical school of management
- Discusses practical business applications: Employees will see how these classical management theories relate to productivity, efficiency, task organization, worker satisfaction and more
- Improves managerial skills: Knowledge of these theories will be essential for developing fundamental management abilities
By the end of the chapter, your employees should be able to:
- Define the classical management theory
- Evaluate Weber's impersonal management theory
- Outline the classical scientific school of management and the classical administrative school of management
- Discuss the work of Frederick Taylor, Mary Parker Follett, Frank and Lillian Gilbreth, Chester Barnard and Henry Gantt
- Summarize Faylol's staff management and worker satisfaction theories
- Explain Fayol's 14 management principles
1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition
It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly looking for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.
2. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management
At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
3. Classical Scientific School of Management
The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.
4. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
5. Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management
This lesson will describe how Henry Gantt revolutionized management practices by providing a graphical representation, also known as the Gantt chart, of work processes that showed scheduling and monitoring projections. Other contributions of Henry Gantt, such as the task and bonus system, will also be discussed.
6. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization
Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.
7. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction
In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.
8. Practical Application: Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management Infographic
Despite being formulated more than 100 years ago, Henri Fayol's 14 Principles of Management remain relevant and timely today. Leaders who manage with these principles in mind have the best chance of being successful.
9. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study
This lesson describes the contributions this husband-and-wife team made to the field of management, including their famous motion study, which provided insight into particular movements that could increase outputs.
10. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization
Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.
11. Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management
Leaders in today's organizations utilize common goals and participative decision-making to achieve a people-oriented, group network management approach. Mary Parker Follett developed this classical leadership theory during the pre-war 1920s, and it is still relevant in contemporary business.
12. Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory
Chester Barnard believed that formal organizations are made up of informal groups. These informal groups evolve to become the informal organization. The group's beliefs and values establish the organizational culture and determine, to a large extent, formal acceptance of authority.
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Other chapters within the Management: Skills Development & Training course
- Management Overview
- Behavioral School of Management Theory Overview
- Contemporary & Future School of Management Theory Overview
- Planning in Organizations Overview
- Organizational Change Overview
- Organizing in Business Management Overview
- Work Teams Overview
- Leading in Organizations Overview
- Leadership Theory Overview
- Motivation in the Workplace Overview
- Communication in the Workplace Overview
- Controlling in Organizations Overview
- Human Resources Overview
- Strategic Management & Managerial Decision Making Overview
- Production & Quality Assurance Overview
- International Management & Contemporary Issues Overview