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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- How is classical management theory defined?
- How did Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management lead to more bureaucratic organizations?
- How did the production of Henry Ford's Model T serve as an example of scientific management?
- What was unique to Henry Gantt's graphical representations of work systems?
- What conclusions can I draw from Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's motion study?
- What contributions did Chester Barnard, Henri Fayol and Mary Parker Follett make to management theory?
1. Classical Management Theory (1900-1930): Definition
It was the rise of the Industrial Revolution and factories were becoming more common. Inside these factories, managers were constantly looking for ways to improve productivity and efficiency. As time moved on, it became apparent that searching for the single best way to do things was the most important thing for managers to do. Thus, classical management theory was born. This lesson will discuss the evolution of classical management theory.
2. Bureaucracy: Max Weber's Theory of Impersonal Management
At a time when organizations were run like families, Max Weber looked for ways to bring a more formalized structure to organizations. Weber created the idea of bureaucratic management where organizations are more authoritative, rigid and structured. This lesson will describe the development of bureaucracy and common characteristics of bureaucratic organizations.
3. Classical Scientific School of Management
The scientific school of management focused on the 'science' of creating specialized work processes and workforce skills to complete production tasks efficiently. This lesson will discuss the development of scientific management and how it is applied by management as illustrated by the classic example of Henry Ford's Model T production line.
4. Frederick Taylor & Management: Maximizing Productivity & Efficiency
Known as the father of scientific management, Frederick Taylor revolutionized management practices. This lesson will discuss the contributions Taylor made to the field of management, most of which are still used today to maximize productivity and efficiency.
5. Gantt Charts & Bar Graphs: Henry Gantt's Contributions to Management
This lesson will describe how Henry Gantt revolutionized management practices by providing a graphical representation, also known as the Gantt chart, of work processes that showed scheduling and monitoring projections. Other contributions of Henry Gantt, such as the task and bonus system, will also be discussed.
6. Frank and Lillian Gilbreth's Motion Study
This lesson describes the contributions this husband-and-wife team made to the field of management, including their famous motion study, which provided insight into particular movements that could increase outputs.
7. Classical Administrative School of Management: Managing the Organization
Even if a business knows what each of their individual workers ought to be doing, there may not be any overarching mission guiding their work. This lesson describes how the need to consider an entire organization by emphasizing management principles led to the development of the classical administrative school of management.
8. Henri Fayol's Management Principles: Managing Departmental Task Organization
Prior to Henri Fayol's development of an administrative theory of management, managers took a scientific approach to work, attempting to maximize productivity by treating their workers like machines. Fayol's 14 Principles of Management focus on the entire organization rather than just the work. This lesson covers the first seven of these principles.
9. Fayol's Theories on Staff Management and Worker Satisfaction
In this lesson, we'll discuss how Henri Fayol's final seven principles play out in the workplace. Using a professional restaurant kitchen as an example, you'll learn about the importance of worker satisfaction and other elements of effective management.
10. Mary Parker Follett: People-Oriented, Group-Network Management
Leaders in today's organizations utilize common goals and participative decision-making to achieve a people-oriented, group network management approach. Mary Parker Follett developed this classical leadership theory during the pre-war 1920s, and it is still relevant in contemporary business.
11. Chester Barnard: Informal Organizations and Acceptance Theory
Chester Barnard believed that formal organizations are made up of informal groups. These informal groups evolve to become the informal organization. The group's beliefs and values establish the organizational culture and determine, to a large extent, formal acceptance of authority.
12. Attribution Theory Applications in Organizations: Definition & Examples
Attribution theory is a psychological theory that attempts to explain behavior and can be quite useful in the management of organizations. In this lesson, you will learn what attribution theory is, some of its key concepts and will be provided some examples. You will also be given an opportunity to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz after the lesson.
13. Centralization: Fayol's Principle, Overview
In this lesson, we will review Fayol's background and his 14 management principles. We will also discuss what centralization & decentralization mean and why they're relevant today.
14. Centralized Authority: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson you'll learn about centralized authority. We'll discuss the key concepts of centralized authority as well as look closer at an example.
15. Centralized Organization: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you will learn what a centralized organization is. You will also learn about some of its key features, its advantages and disadvantages, and look at an example.
16. Chester Barnard's Management Theory: Overview
Chester Barnard developed a conceptual theory of organizations as natural systems. In this lesson, you'll learn a bit about Chester Barnard and his theory of management.
17. Classical Leadership: Theories, Overview
In this lesson, you'll learn about the four classical leadership theories: trait theory, behavior theory, contingency theory, and transformational theory. In the end, you can test your understanding of these theories with a quiz.
18. Esprit De Corps in Management: Definition & Explanation
Esprit de corps is an important concept in administrative management theory. In this lesson, you will learn what esprit de corps is and learn about some of its features. You'll have an opportunity to reinforce you knowledge with a brief quiz after the lesson.
19. Fayol's Authority Principle: Overview
In the modern world of management, there are many guidelines and principles that must be followed. That was not always so. In this lesson, we will look at the work of Henri Fayol and discuss his view of the role of authority in management.
20. Fayol's Equity Principle: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will review Fayol's background and his 14 Principles of Management. We will also focus on his Equity Principle and why it's still relevant today.
21. Fayol's Order Principle in Management: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, we will learn about Henri Fayol and his 14 Principles of Management. Our main focus will be on the principle of order in the workplace, its history, and how it applies to today's management world.
22. Fayol's Remuneration Principle: Definition & Explanation
In this lesson, you'll learn what the term remuneration means and why it is important. You'll also learn what role the French theorist Henri Fayol played in making remuneration an important management concept.
23. Initiative: Fayol's Principle, Overview
In this lesson, we will review Fayol's 14 management principles. We will also focus on a specific principle, initiative, and how it can contribute to a successful management technique.
24. Principle of Unity Of Direction: Overview
The principle of unity of direction is one Henri Fayol's 14 administrative principles. In this lesson, we will discuss what the principle is, the concepts behind it, and why it is important. A short quiz follows the lesson.
25. Scalar Chain in Management: Principle & Overview
In this lesson, we will review Henri Fayol's 14 Management Principles. We will also go into more detail about one of these principles - the Scalar Chain - and when you should use the Gang Plank in the workplace.
26. Subordination Of Individual Interests: Fayol's Principle, Overview
The idea of subordination of individual interest is a principle developed by Henri Fayol. In this lesson, you will explore this principle. You will also be given an opportunity to reinforce your knowledge about Fayol's principle with a short quiz.
27. The Development of Bureaucracy
Bureaucracies are pervasive in our society. In this lesson, you will learn about the historical and philosophical development of the modern bureaucracy, including some of its key concepts. You will also be given an opportunity to reinforce your knowledge with a short quiz.
28. Time & Motion Studies: Overview
Time and motion studies were important tools used by followers of the scientific management school of thought. In this lesson, you will learn about time and motion studies. You'll also find out what a therblig is. You can then test your knowledge with a quiz.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Management: Help and Review course
- Business Management Basics
- Management Basics: Help and Review
- Behavioral School of Management Theory: Help and Review
- Contemporary and Future School of Management Theory: Help and Review
- Planning in Organizations: Help and Review
- Organizational Change: Help and Review
- Organizing in Business Management: Help and Review
- Work Teams: Help and Review
- Leading in Organizations: Help and Review
- Leadership Theory: Help and Review
- Motivation in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Communication in the Workplace: Help and Review
- Controlling in Organizations: Help and Review
- Human Resources Basics: Help and Review
- Strategic Management and Managerial Decision Making: Help and Review
- Production and Quality Assurance: Help and Review
- Managing Organizational Changes
- International Management and Contemporary Issues: Help and Review
- Introduction to Small Business Management
- Theories of Business Management