Ch 46: CLEP Social Sciences and History: Political Ideologies and Philosophy

About This Chapter

View these video lessons to discover the philosophical differences between the main ideologies of contemporary politics. Each video has tags, so you can jump between main points, and instructors are available if you have further questions.

CLEP Social Sciences and History: Political Ideologies and Philosophy - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In the current game of politics, there are many ideologies to consider. Most political parties have attached themselves to at least one ideology. This chapter will help you determine the facts about the most common political ideologies today. After viewing this chapter, you should have a better grasp on the following:

  • Feminism
  • Libertarianism
  • Fascism
  • Conservatism
  • Liberalism
  • Anarchism
  • Socialism
  • Communism

Video Objective
What Is a Political Ideology? Build a working definition for the term ideology, and then show connections between ideologies and politics.
Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence Analyze the history and development of American liberalism, examine some of the different types, and discuss its role in contemporary politics.
Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence Distinguish the characteristics and history of American conservatism, provide definitions for the various types, and identify its place in America today.
Libertarianism: History and Philosophy Explore the philosophical belief system of libertarianism, and learn about how this ideology was developed.
Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences Establish the political ideologies of socialism and communism, and then compare the similarities and differences between these ideologies.
Anarchism: History and Philosophy Scrutinize the concept of anarchism, and then review its philosophical beliefs as well as its history.
Fascism: History, Ideology, and Influence Determine the attributes and ideology behind fascism, and then evaluate how fascism works into the current political field.
Feminism: History, Ideology, and Impact in Politics Investigate the history and political movement of feminism, discover the characteristics associated with it, and decide how it fits into contemporary politics.

5 Lessons in Chapter 46: CLEP Social Sciences and History: Political Ideologies and Philosophy
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What Is a Political Ideology?

1. What Is a Political Ideology?

Nearly every opinion on the appropriateness or inappropriateness of government policy, ranging from welfare to gun control, is a reflection of a person's political ideology. In this lesson, you learn about political ideology and its importance.

Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

2. Liberalism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Liberalism is one of the great political traditions of the Western world and the dominant political ideology in the United States. In this lesson, you'll learn about the history of liberalism, its major tenants and its influence.

Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

3. Conservatism: History, Ideology, and Influence

Conservatism is one of the major political philosophies of the Western world. In this lesson, you'll learn about its major tenets, its history and its influence. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Libertarianism: History and Philosophy

4. Libertarianism: History and Philosophy

If you hold liberty above all other values, you might just be a libertarian. In this lesson, you'll learn about libertarianism, including what it is, its general principles and its history. A short quiz follows.

Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

5. Communism vs. Socialism: Similarities & Differences

People often confuse socialism and communism. In this lesson, you'll learn about the differences and similarities between each of these theories. You'll also have a chance to take a short quiz after the lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the CLEP Social Sciences and History: Study Guide & Test Prep course

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