About This Chapter
CLEP Social Sciences and History: Studying Social Groups in Sociology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
This chapter introduces you to the different types of social groups and discusses the theories that frame our views of group behavior. These quick video lessons discuss the structural organization of social groups, styles of leadership, and rationalization. They also explore the phenomenon of conformity and examine what motivates individuals to define and accept the restrictions of social groups. As you watch these fun-sized videos, you will:
- Examine the dynamics of dyads, triads and larger groups
- Learn about in-groups and out-groups and how they affect behavior
- Discuss the difference between instrumental and expressive leadership
- Compare conformity and obedience
- Examine the advantages and disadvantages of individual vs. group work
- Discuss the links between rationalization, bureaucracy and the Iron Cage
|Types of Social Groups||Get an overview of the types of social groups.|
|Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive||Define formal organizations and learn to distinguish between the main three types.|
|Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic||Learn about different styles of leadership.|
|Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational||Define conformity and examine the two famous studies by Asch and Milgram.|
|Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups||Learn about loafing, facilitation, and groupthink.|
|Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society||Define verstehen and rationalization.|
|George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles||Explore Ritzer's four principles of McDonaldization.|
1. Types of Social Groups
In this lesson, we explore a few of the most important types of social groups sociologists have created to describe social interactions and the impact of size and social mentality. Afterwards, text yourself with a brief quiz.
2. Formal Organization Structure: Utilitarian, Normative & Coercive
Our modern society is filled with groups of people that range from small families to giant corporations. In this lesson, we discuss the characteristics that must be present in order for a group to be considered a formal organization. We also discuss the differences between coercive, utilitarian, and normative organizations.
3. Leadership Styles and Types: Authoritarian, Laissez-Faire & Democratic
Most of us are members of many different social groups, and several of those groups have leaders. In this lesson, we define and discuss both instrumental and expressive leadership in groups. We also cover three leadership decision-making styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire.
4. Social Conformity Definition: Normative vs. Informational
Social conformity and obedience are two very powerful phenomenons in human behavior and sociology. In this lesson, we discuss the two types of social conformity and differentiate between conformity and obedience. We also discuss two famous experiments by Solomon Asch and Stanley Milgram.
5. Social Loafing & Social Facilitation: Definition and Effects of Groups
Do you prefer to work in a group or by yourself? Why? Working in a group certainly has a number of advantages and disadvantages. In this lesson, we discuss three phenomena that can occur as a result of working in groups: groupthink, social loafing, and social facilitation.
6. Max Weber: Verstehen and the Rationalization of Society
Max Weber's work has had a profound impact on sociology. In this lesson, we define and discuss his theory of rationalization and how it has changed social groups and society as a whole over time. We also discuss Weber's other related theories of Verstehen and the iron cage.
7. George Ritzer and the McDonaldization of Society: Definition and Principles
George Ritzer authored 'The McDonaldization of Society' in 1993, and it remains one of the bestselling sociology books of all time. In this lesson, we discuss his concept of McDonaldization and the four main characteristics of McDonaldization that he describes.
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