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Ch 3: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The American Revolution

About This Chapter

Watch video lessons to explore the causes and effects of the American Revolution, as well as the key figures and battles that shaped the event. Assess your comprehension of the chapter's topics by completing a short quiz that accompanies each lesson.

The American Revolution - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Taking place in the late 18th century, the American Revolution turned a group of British colonies into the United States. This defining period in U.S. history had tremendous political, economic and social effects on the people who called the new nation home. In this chapter, you'll examine key Revolutionary War battles, the creation of the Declaration of Independence and the impact of the Revolution on American society. The video lessons cover topics like:

  • What strategies were used in major Revolutionary battles
  • How the Declaration of Independence was created
  • What factors contributed to the public's demand for independence
  • How the positions of the Loyalists and Patriots differed
  • How George Washington's leadership impacted key Revolutionary War outcomes
  • What events led to the end of the American Revolution

VideoObjective
Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution BeginsLearn about the outbreak of the Revolutionary War and the impact of battles at Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill.
The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common SenseDiscover how Paine's Common Sense, as well as the Second Continental Congress, helped sway the public towards the side of independence.
The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and LegacyTake a look at the Declaration of Independence's content and its effects.
British Loyalists vs. American Patriots During the American RevolutionExamine the factors that affected the views of Loyalists and Patriots.
George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley ForgeLearn about the strategies George Washington used at Trenton, the Battle of Saratoga and Valley Forge.
John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary WarFind out about key Revolutionary War naval battles and the leadership of John Paul Jones.
Loyalists in the Southern Colonies at the End of the Revolutionary WarDiscover Britain's strategy that depended on Loyalists in the South.
The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of ParisLearn about the last significant battle of the war and the content of the Treaty of Paris.
American Revolution: Social and Economic ImpactTake a look at how American society and the economy were altered by the Revolution.
The Second Great Awakening: Charles Finney and Religious RevivalExplore the resurgence of religion and spirituality in the post-Revolution U.S.

11 Lessons in Chapter 3: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The American Revolution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The American Revolution: Causes & Effects

1. The American Revolution: Causes & Effects

Find out what caused the American Revolution and discover the impact of this war on the rest of the world. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins

2. Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill: The American Revolution Begins

Following the Boston Tea Party, Massachusetts was placed under the command of the British army. Rumors of a rebellion led to an attempted raid on the militia's arsenal. The events that followed at Lexington and Concord touched off the American Revolution.

The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense

3. The Second Continental Congress and Thomas Paine's Common Sense

1763 marked the beginning of the long road to revolution for the American colonies. By 1775, military actions had finally erupted. How were the colonists and their leaders going to respond?

The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy

4. The Declaration of Independence: Text, Signers and Legacy

After 12 years of tension and fighting, the colonists and their leaders were ready to declare themselves a new country, independent of Great Britain. This lesson examines the motives, the text, and the legacy of America's Declaration of Independence.

British Loyalists vs. American Patriots During the American Revolution

5. British Loyalists vs. American Patriots During the American Revolution

In this lesson, learn about the difficult decisions faced by individuals as the American Revolution erupted. Would you have been a Loyalist or a Patriot? Are you sure about that?

George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge

6. George Washington's Leadership at Trenton, Saratoga & Valley Forge

After a series of setbacks in 1776, George Washington's leadership of the Continental Army helped America turn the tide of the war in three pivotal locations, prompting France to recognize the United States as a nation and an ally.

John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary War

7. John Paul Jones and the Naval Battles of the Revolutionary War

Naval battles in the American Revolution are something of a lost chapter in history. Find out about the world's first military submarine, the privateers of the Continental Navy, and the helpful actions of three foreign allies at sea.

Loyalists in the Southern Colonies at the End of the Revolutionary War

8. Loyalists in the Southern Colonies at the End of the Revolutionary War

After surrendering their northern army in the American Revolution, British leaders looked to the Southern Strategy. General Charles Cornwallis hoped that loyalist forces would hold territory so he could sweep north and end the war in Virginia.

The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris

9. The Battle of Yorktown and the Treaty of Paris

After the unsuccessful Southern Strategy, General Cornwallis pulled his army up to Yorktown, Virginia. A combined effort by the armies and navies of America and France resulted in British surrender and the 1783 Treaty of Paris that recognized the United States of America.

American Revolution: Social and Economic Impact

10. American Revolution: Social and Economic Impact

Learn about the impact of the Revolutionary War throughout the world, especially on various segments of American society. We'll look at political, social, and economic impacts.

The Second Great Awakening: Charles Finney and Religious Revival

11. The Second Great Awakening: Charles Finney and Religious Revival

The spirit of the Revolution led to changes in American churches in the post-war years. Beginning with a boom in evangelism and missionary work, the Second Great Awakening soon led to social reform, an intertwining of religious values with civic values, and a lasting emphasis on morality in daily life.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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Other Chapters

Other chapters within the CLEP Social Sciences and History: Study Guide & Test Prep course

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