Ch 31: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Reformation in Europe

About This Chapter

Brief, engaging video lessons will guide you through the essential aspects of the Protestant Reformation in sixteenth century Europe. Short quizzes are available for self-assessment so you know you are learning what you intended to.

CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Reformation in Europe - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In this chapter, you will learn about how what began as an attempt by Martin Luther to bring the Catholic Church back to Biblical teachings, ended up igniting all sorts of intended and unintended protest in sixteenth century Europe and lead to political restructuring and the birth of Lutheran, Protestant and Anglican churches.

Video lessons in this chapter range about 5-10 minutes in length and are followed by self-assessment quizzes to test your comprehension. Expert instructors are only a click away if you have any questions about this chapter in which you will learn about things like:

  • How translation of religious documents into the common language influenced the role of the peasant class in the Reformation
  • What the Catholic Church taught prior to and after the Reformation
  • What the 95 Theses were and their role in the Reformation
  • The basic teachings and differences between various Reformers such as Martin Luther, Ulrich Zwingli and John Calvin
  • How the Reformation impacted the arts and politics throughout Europe
  • What wars were fought concurrently during this time and how they were influenced by the Reformation
  • The birth of the Anglican Church under Henry VIII

Video Objective
The Rise of the Vernacular and the Decline of Latin Learn about how the Reformation influenced language and vice versa.
The Catholic Church Before the Reformation: Beliefs and Practices Get an overview of what the Catholic Church taught prior to the Reformation.
Martin Luther, the 95 Theses and the Birth of the Protestant Reformation Study the 95 Theses that ignited the Reformation.
Art in the Protestant Reformation Across Europe Appreciate the influence of the Reformation on European art in the sixteenth and subsequent centuries.
The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars Identify the uprising of the peasant class and the treaty known as the Peace of Augsburg.
The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe Understand how various countries were influenced by and influenced the Reformation.
Religious Reform in Switzerland: Calvin & Zwingli's Teachings in the Reformation Learn about Swiss reformers and how their teachings differed from Martin Luther's.
The French Wars of Religion: Catholics vs. the Huguenots Get a basic introduction to the wars in France during the Reformation.
The Six Wives of Henry VIII: Facts and History Analyze how Henry VIII and his marriages and divorces influenced the Reformation in England.
Henry VIII: The Anglican Church Learn about the new church in England headed by a King rather than a Pope and the significance of heirs and annulments.
Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome Look at the history of the Sack of Rome and the difference between feudal hosts, mercenaries and standing armies.
Tycho Brahe and Copernicus Take On the Known Universe Appreciate the changes in scientific thinking ignited by these astronomers and mathematicians who lived during the time of the Reformation.
Ivan the Terrible and the Making of Russia Meet Ivan the Terrible and understand his part in the history of Russia.
The Council of Trent: The Catholic Church Survives the Reformation Learn about the Council of Trent and how the Catholic Church responded to the Reformation.
Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society Get an overview of the societal changes in terms of family, education and economy that occurred as a result of the Reformation.
The Reformers & the Catholic Church: How Religious Beliefs Transformed During the Reformation Summarize the transformations in the Church's teachings during this era.

5 Lessons in Chapter 31: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Reformation in Europe
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

1. The Reformation's Impact on Germany: The Peasant Wars

The Reformation was a time when Christianity was split into Catholicism and Protestantism. This lesson explores the major changes brought about by the Reformation in Germany in the 16th century.

The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

2. The Spread of the Protestant Reformation Across Europe

In the 16th century, Martin Luther inspired people to believe that the Catholic Church shouldn't hold authority over laypeople. This lesson explores the spread of these Protestant ideas throughout Europe.

Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

3. Henry VIII: The Anglican Church

This lesson covers the various steps Henry VIII took in breaking away from the Roman Catholic Church. You'll learn how Henry managed to get what he wanted by going through legal means and playing off of others who also had problems with the Church.

Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome

4. Mercenaries and the Sack of Rome

Politics led Charles de Bourbon, a rich French Duke, to flee his country to fight for his cousin, the Holy Roman Emperor. This lesson explains how financing and the use of mercenaries by Bourbon led to the sack of Rome in 1527.

Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

5. Life After the Reformation & Protestant Influence on Society

The Protestant Reformation was a huge movement that led to many Christians splitting from the Catholic Church. This lesson explores the after effects on families, education and social life.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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Other Chapters

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