Ch 2: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Road to Revolution

About This Chapter

Watch these video lessons and join us as we travel the road to revolution in U.S. history. Take the quiz at the end of each lesson to confirm you have mastered each topic!

CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Road to Revolution - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

Our subject experts will explain as history unfolds and the 13 colonies continue on the path to independence. Learn how the Enlightenment affects society and the first Great Awakening stirs up religious revival. Soon, resistance leads to massacre and rebellion in Boston, and before you know it, the harbor is littered with British tea. Watch the videos then take the quizzes to see what you have learned. After finishing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Explain the American Enlightenment and how it increased the desire for independence
  • Describe the first Great Awakening and how it stirred religious revival - and the hunger for freedom
  • Identify the causes and effects of the French and Indian War
  • List the events that led up to the Boston Tea Party

Video Objective
The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social RevolutionDiscover how this philosophical movement influenced the thinking in the colonies and fueled the desire for independence.
The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American IndependenceLearn how this religious revival stirred the people and their desire for freedom.
The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects and SummaryExamine the causes, the battles, the outcome and the war's effect on the colonies.
Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British RuleExplore the events that led to the organization of the Sons of Liberty.
Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend ActsUnderstand the actions that led to rebellion and bloodshed in Boston.
The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts and First Continental CongressReview the final acts of rebellion and organization as the colonies stand against England.

6 Lessons in Chapter 2: CLEP Social Sciences and History: The Road to Revolution
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution

1. The American Enlightenment: Intellectual and Social Revolution

For a thousand years, Europe had been living in the Dark Ages until a series of philosophical, religious and scientific movements helped turn on the lights. The Enlightenment began in Europe, but quickly spread throughout America in the 1700s and helped set the stage for a revolution against British rule.

The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence

2. The First Great Awakening: Religious Revival and American Independence

While the Enlightenment was shaping the minds of 18th-century colonists, another movement, the First Great Awakening, was shaping their hearts. With freedom of conscience at its core, the Awakening led Americans to break with religious traditions and seek out their own beliefs while sharing common values.

The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary

3. The French and Indian War: Causes, Effects & Summary

In the mid-1700s, the Seven Years' War involved all of the world's major colonial powers on five continents. The biggest fight was between France and Great Britain, and the victor would come away with control of North America.

Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule

4. Sons of Liberty: Resistance to the Stamp Act and British Rule

In 1763, British Prime Minister George Grenville passed new legislation aimed at solving some of the empire's problems stemming from the French and Indian War. The colonists cried, 'Taxation without representation is tyranny!' They organized boycotts, the Sons of Liberty and the Stamp Act Congress until some of the new taxes were lifted.

Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts

5. Boston Massacre: Colonists and the Declaratory and Townshend Acts

After overturning the hated Stamp Act, Parliament asserted its right to tax the colonists without representation by passing the Declaratory Act. When the Townshend Acts imposed import duties, the colonists went into action again. An escalating cycle of violence ended with the Boston Massacre, resulting in the cancellation of all duties except the one on tea.

The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress

6. The Boston Tea Party, Intolerable Acts & First Continental Congress

Three years of calm followed the Boston Massacre and the repeal of most Townshend duties. But no sooner had Parliament passed a new tax on tea than the colonies were in an uproar again about taxation without representation. What followed were the Boston Tea Party and the fateful last steps leading to war.

Chapter Practice Exam
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Practice Final Exam
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