About This Chapter
Climate - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Learn about different types of climates and how they're distributed across the globe through this chapter. You'll explore the causes and effects of global warming and climate change and find out the significance of examining climates of the past.
By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Differentiate between maritime and continental climates.
- Explain how past vegetation can be used to determine an area's past climate.
- Describe how changes in land configuration and surface characteristics can affect climate.
- Discuss atmosphere-ocean and atmosphere-biota interactions, as well as other feedback mechanisms of climate change.
|Climate Classifications & Their Global Distribution||Identify and describe the different climates on Earth, along with the global distribution of each. These include humid tropical, dry, humid middle-latitude with mild winters, humid middle-latitude with severe winters, polar and highland climates.|
|The Differences Between Maritime & Continental Climates||Explain the character of maritime and continental climates and why they differ from one another.|
|Identifying the Factors Involved in Climate Change||Identify various factors involved in climate change, including variations in solar output and changes in Earth's orbit, atmospheric turbidity and radiation-absorbing gases.|
|Natural Factors that Determine a Region's Climate||Determine how the long-term weather patterns of a region dictate its climate.|
|Global Warming: Atmospheric Causes and Effect on Climate||Identify and describe the causes of global warming and how they affect climate.|
|The Ozone Layer: Importance and the Harmful Effects of Thinning||Describe the cause and effect of ozone depletion on the atmosphere.|
|Global Climate Change: Effects and Mitigation Strategies||Discuss some of the potential effects of global climate change. Give examples of strategies to mitigate or adapt to global climate change.|
|Identifying & Discussing Methods for Determining Past Climates||Identify and discuss methods for determining past climates, including oceanic deposits, ice cores and remnant landforms.|
|Temporal & Spatial Scales of Global Climate Change||Discuss the use of temporal and special scales of global climate change.|
|The Conditions Surrounding Climates of the Past||Discuss the topic of past climates, including warm intervals and ice ages, the current ice age, the last glacial maximum, the Holocene and the last century of climate change.|
|Feedback Mechanisms of Climate Change||Identify various feedback mechanisms of climate change, including ice-albedo feedback and water-vapor and cloud feedbacks.|
|The General Circulation Model & Causes of Climate Change||Discuss the general circulation model and its use in identifying causes of climate change and projecting future climate change.|
1. Climate Classifications & Their Global Distribution
Earth has many climates, but we can categorize them based on common characteristics. In this video lesson you will identify the 5 major climate classifications on Earth, as well as where on Earth these climates are found.
2. Categories of the Koppen Climate Classification System
Join me for a trip around the world! Explore the different climate zones, discover the subtle differences between them, and learn the scientific classifications of each.
3. Differences Between Maritime & Continental Climates
The temperature in California is perfect! How did Californians get so lucky? Read about maritime and continental climates to find the answer, then test your understanding with a short quiz.
4. Factors Involved in Climate Change
Our Earth's climate has changed many times in her 4.5 billion year lifetime. Discover the multiple factors that influence these changes and test your understanding with a short quiz.
5. Natural Factors That Determine a Region's Climate
Climate is influenced by factors like atmosphere, ocean currents, landforms and plate tectonics. This lesson explains how these effects affect our weather patterns, which determine climate.
6. The Ozone Layer: Importance and the Harmful Effects of Thinning
In this lesson, you will learn the importance of the ozone layer and how it is depleted. You will also study the research and policy that has been instrumental in its recovery.
7. Global Climate Change: Effects and Mitigation Strategies
In this video lesson, you will learn about the potential effects of global climate change. You will also learn how some are working to better understand climate change in order to slow the rate of temperature increase on Earth.
8. Methods for Determining Past Climates
You've probably heard that Earth has experienced an Ice Age. But if people weren't there to see it, how do we know? Discover how scientists use evidence collected today to deduce climates many thousands and millions of years in the past.
9. Temporal & Spatial Scales of Climate Change
So, you want to be a climatologist? When designing your studies, you need to know the difference between spatial and temporal scales of climate change. Read on to discover more about this and then create a project of your very own!
10. Past Climates & Climate Change
Climate change is a big topic nowadays, but why? In this lesson, we are going to explore the changing climate throughout Earth's history and see why the current change is such a big deal.
11. Feedback Mechanisms of Climate Change
Our climate is performing a constant balancing act. Discover what happens when this balance is upset, how our planet responds, and the important feedback mechanisms at play.
12. The General Circulation Model & Climate Change
How are scientist able to predict our Earth's climate 100 years into the future? Read about the general circulation model to discover the answer to this question and then take a quiz to test your understanding.
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Other chapters within the Earth Science 102: Weather and Climate course