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Ch 20: Clinical Test Results - Organ Function and Health: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Clinical Test Results - Organ Function and Health chapter of this College Pathophysiology Help and Review course is the simplest way to master clinical test results pertaining to organ function and health. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of clinical test results related to organ function and health.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help learning or mastering college pathology material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding clinical test results or working with organ function and health.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about clinical test results relating to organ function and health.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra science learning resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Clinical Test Results - Organ Function and Health chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Clinical Tests - Organ Function and Health chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • How are glucose levels in the blood and urine measured?
  • What are some key kidney and liver test values?
  • How do pulmonary function tests work?
  • Why are cardiac enzymes so important?
  • What are the major neurological tests?

20 Lessons in Chapter 20: Clinical Test Results - Organ Function and Health: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Glucose Levels in the Blood and Urine

1. Glucose Levels in the Blood and Urine

This lesson will discuss hyperglycemia, hypoglycemia, and glucosuria as well as the major causes for each one of these test results. This means we'll touch base upon endocrine diseases, such as Cushing's and diabetes mellitus.

Urine Test Types: pH, Ketones, Proteins, and Cells

2. Urine Test Types: pH, Ketones, Proteins, and Cells

This lesson will discuss the major findings resulting from the measurement of urine pH, ketones, proteins, white blood cells, and red blood cells. Including how diet and disease influence these values.

Crystals in Urine: Meaning and Causes

3. Crystals in Urine: Meaning and Causes

This lesson will go over some of the major types of crystals that can be found in urine, what they look like, and why they may occur. Find out as we take a look at uric acid, struvite, cystine, sulfur, and calcium oxalate crystals.

Urine Specific Gravity: Normal Range, Fluctuations, and Causes

4. Urine Specific Gravity: Normal Range, Fluctuations, and Causes

This lesson will discuss a test known as urine specific gravity. You'll learn the normal values of urine specific gravity as well as the major causes of its abnormal elevation or decrease.

Kidney Function Test Values: BUN and Creatinine

5. Kidney Function Test Values: BUN and Creatinine

This lesson will discuss two important measurements related to kidney function, called BUN and creatinine. We'll discuss when they may be increased or decreased and why.

Bilirubin & Urobilinogen: Definition & Symptoms

6. Bilirubin & Urobilinogen: Definition & Symptoms

This lesson will discuss an important yellow colored pigment known as bilirubin, where it comes from, and how it plays an important role in helping to diagnose disease.

Important Liver Values: Albumin, ALT, ALP & AST

7. Important Liver Values: Albumin, ALT, ALP & AST

This lesson will discuss three important enzymes that indicate liver or biliary tree issues. They are ALT, ALP, and AST. We'll talk about some of the reasons why they may be elevated.

Arterial Blood Gas and Acid Base Balance: Tests and Interpretation

8. Arterial Blood Gas and Acid Base Balance: Tests and Interpretation

This lesson will discuss what the arterial blood gas test is and how it is used to interpret acid/base balance in your body. You'll learn about partial pressures, hypercapnia, acidemia, and alkalosis.

Measuring Blood Oxygen Levels

9. Measuring Blood Oxygen Levels

This lesson will discuss three important values relating oxygen information in our blood. These values are the partial pressure of oxygen, oxygen saturation, and oxygen content of blood.

What Are Pulmonary Function Tests?

10. What Are Pulmonary Function Tests?

Pulmonary function tests are used to measure air movement into and out of the lungs. Spirometry is the most common way to measure airflow. This lesson will describe the use of spirometry to measure lung volumes and flow rates as well as how breathing disorders are diagnosed.

The Importance of Cardiac Enzymes

11. The Importance of Cardiac Enzymes

This lesson discusses the importance of two markers of heart disease that can be measured via the blood. They are creatine kinase and troponin, and we'll discuss what may cause their levels in the blood to increase.

Neurological Tests of Major Importance

12. Neurological Tests of Major Importance

This lesson will talk about how altered states of consciousness are assessed in individuals with serious brain trauma. We will also discuss two signs that may indicate meningitis in a patient.

Oxalate: Definition, Foods & Formula

13. Oxalate: Definition, Foods & Formula

In this lesson we will learn about oxalate. We will learn why it is important in plants and the problems it can cause in humans. We will also learn about the structure of oxalate and how this structure affects calcium.

Pigments: Definition, Types & Effect

14. Pigments: Definition, Types & Effect

The beautiful shades of green in plants, the blue color of your jeans, or that splash of red paint on your bedroom wall all have one thing in common: pigments. Read on to discover the chemistry of pigments, their different types, and their effect in the environment.

What is a Benign Tumor? - Definition, Types & Examples

15. What is a Benign Tumor? - Definition, Types & Examples

Chances are, you've heard the terms ''benign'' and ''malignant'' in reference to tumors, but what do these words mean? Read this lesson to learn more about benign tumors.

What is a Malignant Tumor? - Definition & Treatment

16. What is a Malignant Tumor? - Definition & Treatment

Have you ever wondered what it means to have a malignant tumor? In this lesson, you will learn the definition of malignant tumors and learn about some treatment options.

What Is Uric Acid? - Levels, Causes & Symptoms

17. What Is Uric Acid? - Levels, Causes & Symptoms

This lesson will explain the definition of uric acid and how it is generated inside of the body based on foods consumed in a person's normal diet. It will also discuss causes and symptoms of increased uric levels.

ACTH Stimulation Test: Protocol & Side Effects

18. ACTH Stimulation Test: Protocol & Side Effects

The field of medicine is full of acronyms, and it can be confusing to try to keep them all straight. This lesson will explain what ACTH is and what it does. Then we'll talk about the ACTH stimulation test and how it works.

How to Interpret the ACTH Stimulation Test

19. How to Interpret the ACTH Stimulation Test

First this lesson will review how and why an ACTH stimulation test is performed. Then, interpretations of high or low values, as well as limitations of the test will be discussed.

Renal & Biliary Drug Excretion: Definition & Process

20. Renal & Biliary Drug Excretion: Definition & Process

There are many ways in which the body gets rid of drugs. In this lesson, we will focus on the kidneys and liver, and the roles that these organs play in drug excretion.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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