About This Chapter
How it works:
- Identify which concepts are covered on your cognition homework.
- Find videos on those topics within this chapter.
- Watch fun videos, pausing and reviewing as needed.
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Topics from your homework you'll be able to complete:
- Basics of intelligence
- History of intelligence testing
- Biology and intelligence
- Multiple intelligences
- Creativity and divergent thinking
- Language definition
- Acquisition of language
- Information processing steps
- Methods for categorizing memory
- Attention and top-down processing
- Bottom-up processing method
- Ways to improve short-term and long-term memory
- Distorted memories
- Categories of heuristics
1. Studying Intelligence: History, Psychologists & Theories
We all want to be smart in one way or another, but what exactly is general intelligence? This lesson takes a look at the possible factors behind intellectual development and how this controversial topic has been examined by psychologists.
2. History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology
Throughout the years, there have been many methods used that attempted to accurately quantify and measure human intelligence. You've probably heard of or taken an IQ test, but what does an IQ test actually measure? Find out in this lesson.
3. Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors
Have you ever wondered if your intelligence is entirely due to genetics or if it's shaped by the environment surrounding you? In this lesson, you'll learn about the factors that affect and influence a person's intelligence.
4. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
5. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity
Some people tend to think more analytically, while some are creative thinkers by nature. Is creativity an important skill for solving problems? In this lesson, we'll learn the differences between creative and analytical thinking and discover ways to nurture creative thinking.
6. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
7. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
8. Information Processing: Encoding, Storage & Retrieval
How does your brain remember information and recall it later? In this lesson, you'll look at the steps your brain takes as it processes data from short-term memory and stores it as long-term memory.
9. Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term
Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.
10. Attention and Top-Down vs. Bottom-Up Processing
Are you a big-picture person or do you get caught up in the details? Explore two ways that you can use your cognitive resources to focus your attention. This lesson provides both the details and the big picture for top-down and bottom-up processing.
11. George Miller's Psychological Study to Improve Short-Term Memory
Wouldn't it be nice to improve your short-term memory? According to one psychological study, there are, in fact, ways you can organize sets of new information to make them easier to remember. Based on the study, this lesson examines a method that can increase your short-term memory.
12. Using Psychology to Improve Long-Term Memory
What are some tips for improving your memory? This memorable lesson on memory covers self-referencing, mnemonic devices, spaced repetition and rehearsal. You won't want to cram for exams once you learn these better ways to improve your long-term memory!
13. Memory Distortion: Source Amnesia, Misinformation Effect & Choice-Supportive Bias
With all the information we learn and process every day, it can be difficult to remember things accurately. Because of this, our memory can become distorted. In this lesson, we'll learn how our brain can trick us into falsely remembering details of our past experiences.
14. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
15. Alfred Binet: Theory & Test
Alfred Binet was a pioneer in the development of intelligence tests used today to determine IQ. Learn more about the development of the intelligence test and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
16. Bell Curve: Definition & Impact on Grades
You may have been graded on a curve in a high school or college class. This lesson explains the basic concepts behind the bell curve and grading on a curve, as well as their impact on grades.
17. Chomsky's Nativist Theory of Language: Definition & Development
This lesson covers the noted linguist Noam Chomsky's nativist theory of language, which argues language acquisition is an innate or biological ability. We will focus on the major concepts of this important linguistic theory.
18. Chunking Method: Definition & Examples
Following completion of this lesson, you will be able to define the term chunking in the context of short-term memory. After reading this lesson, you will have an opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
19. Declarative Memory: Definition & Examples
Declarative memory is a type of long term memory. Learn more about declarative memory, how it differs from procedural memory, and the different types of declarative memory.
20. Divergent Thinking in Psychology: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn to define divergent thinking and be given two examples of divergent thinking that are used in everyday situations. Following the lesson, you will have the opportunity to test your knowledge with a short quiz.
21. Fluid Intelligence: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn to define fluid intelligence and give examples of its use in everyday situations. Following the lesson, you will have a chance to test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
22. George Miller, Psychologist: Theories on Short Term Memory, Overview
George Miller was a pioneer in the field of cognitive psychology. Learn more about George Miller, his theory on short-term memory and his definition of chunking in this lesson.
23. Howard Gardner: Biography, Theory & Books
In this lesson, we'll take a look at Howard Gardner's biography, his theory on multiple intelligence, and the implication of the multiple intelligence theory for education. Test what you learned with the quiz afterwards.
24. James Flynn: Intelligence Researcher, Overview
Learn about James Flynn and his research on intelligence. Find out what the 'Flynn effect' is and the possible causes for it. Read the lesson, then take a quiz to test your new knowledge.
25. Linguistic Intelligence: Definition & Explanation
What do J.K. Rowling, Dr. Seuss, and Johnny Cochran all have in common? They all have linguistic intelligence. Learn more about linguistic intelligence from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
26. Semantic Memory: Examples & Definition
Semantic memory is one of the two types of declarative memory. Learn about the importance of semantic memory, how it differs from episodic memory, and more.
27. Sensory Register of Memory: Definition & Overview
The sensory register is vital to your ability to remember and retain information you consider important. Learn what the sensory register is, how it works and test your knowledge with quiz questions.
28. Visual Intelligence: Definition & Explanation
What do Pablo Picasso, Donatella Versace, and Louis Braille all have in common? They all have visual intelligence. Learn more about visual intelligence from examples and test your knowledge with a quiz.
29. Working Memory Model: Capacity & Explanation
Memory is an important aspect of what makes humans unique. In this lesson, you will learn about working memory and how it helps us process information.
30. What is Cognitive Science? - Definition & History
Cognitive science is the study of the mind and what is does, including many scientific disciplines that touch on the subject. In this lesson, we will briefly explore the definition of cognitive science, and review its history.
31. Allen Cognitive Levels: Scale & Description
When an individual has a cognitive deficit for any reason, how do you assess them? This lesson discusses the Allen Cognitive levels as to what they are, what the scale developed from the levels are, and how people are screened.
32. Cognitive Surplus: Definition & Book
There are some people who utilize their energy, creativity and free time--cognitive surplus-- to create and produce things with technology. In this lesson, learn how one man named Clay Shirky defines cognitive surplus and writes a book on how it can help society and make the world a better place.
33. Post-Chemotherapy Cognitive Impairment
Cancer is not a cancer patient's only worry; sometimes negative effects from treatments such as chemotherapy can be a concern. Learn the definition, prevalence, causes, and treatment techniques of post-chemotherapy cognitive impairment in this lesson.
34. Reducing Cognitive Dissonance
In this lesson, we'll talk about the theory of cognitive dissonance and strategies we can use to reduce the uncomfortable feelings associated with cognitive dissonance.
35. Situated Cognition: Theory & Definition
In this lesson, we'll talk about the theory of situated cognition, which is an approach to learning that emphasizes the importance of the social and cultural context in which learning occurs.
36. Cognitive Disability Model: Levels & Care
The cognitive disabilities model was developed to help caregivers assess the functional cognitive abilities of people they serve. In this lesson, we will learn about the levels of the model and how a person's stage informs the care they need.
37. Cognitive Disability: Characteristics & Management
There are a variety of recognized cognitive disabilities ranging from mild to severe. This lesson will review the characteristics of cognitive disabilities and provide some suggestions for managing and caring for people with such disabilities.
38. Cognitive Disability in Children vs. Adults
This lesson will review some of the major cognitive disabilities that can present themselves in children and adults. In addition to defining cognitive disabilities, the lesson will also differentiate between mild and severe cognitive disabilities.
39. Cognitive Disability vs. Intellectual Disability
Although cognitive disabilities and intellectual disabilities are related, the terms refer to different effects and conditions. In this lesson, we will discuss their similarities and differences, including where they overlap.
40. Connectedness in Psychology: Definition & Theory
Are we individuals completely separate from everyone else, or are there areas of connectedness? This lesson looks at the idea of connectedness, how people connect and some disagreement as to the nature of connectedness.
41. Contemplation Stage of Change: Definition & Examples
In this lesson, identify major components from DiClemente and Prochaska's model of change, focusing on the contemplation stage. Understand how this stage of change works in a therapeutic setting by reviewing different examples that highlight this important transition when beginning to consider making changes.
42. Covert Attention: Definition & Example
Attention, which can be divided into overt (openly seen) and covert (akin to secret), is split because people see objects that are right in front of them and on the periphery. This lesson explores covert attention and offers several examples of how it is used.
43. Spatial Ability: Definition & Examples
This lesson will define spatial ability for you. Then, via numerous day to day as well as professional examples, you'll learn exactly how and where spatial abilities are used.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Psychology: Homework Help Resource course
- History and Approaches: Homework Help
- Biological Bases of Behavior: Homework Help
- Sensation and Perception: Homework Help
- States of Consciousness: Homework Help
- Learning: Homework Help
- Motivation and Emotion: Homework Help
- Developmental Psychology: Homework Help
- Personality: Homework Help
- Intro to Social Psychology: Homework Help
- Psychological Disorders and Health: Homework Help
- Psychological Treatments: Homework Help
- Statistics, Tests and Measurement: Homework Help