About This Chapter
Cognition & Learning - Chapter Summary
Watch/read the lessons of this chapter to improve your understanding of cognitive processes, how individuals learn and how you as a teacher can improve your students' abilities thinking critically and solving problems. Each lesson was composed by our expert instructors, who will help you review:
- Cognitive processes related to learning
- Different cognitive theories related to learning
- How to develop critical thinking skills in students
- Difference between creative and analytical thinking
- Uses of inductive and deductive reasoning
- Problems solving strategies
- Stages of memory
- Difference between recognition and recall
After these short, engaging lessons, you can reinforce your understanding of the material and study the key vocabulary of the chapter by reading the lesson transcripts. Then take the lesson quizzes to discover topics you don't understand. When you discover these topics be sure to use the video tags, when available, to return to and review the parts of the lessons that explained them.
1. Cognitive Processes in Learning: Types, Definition & Examples
Explore the cognitive processes your brain is going through right now to learn information. We'll define key terms and discuss the two leading theories.
2. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking
Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.
3. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills
Critical thinking is one of the most important habits a student can learn. This lesson helps you figure out what critical thinking skills are and how you can help your students develop them.
4. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity
Some people tend to think more analytically, while some are creative thinkers by nature. Is creativity an important skill for solving problems? In this lesson, we'll learn the differences between creative and analytical thinking and discover ways to nurture creative thinking.
5. The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused. This lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight.
6. Questioning as a Cognitive Process
Questions are used throughout learning to help students process new information and apply it to new situations. In this lesson, we will learn more about how our questions can be used as a cognitive strategy.
7. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
8. Three Stages Of Memory in Psychology: Explanation & Summary
Have you ever given thought to the fact that without memory, you would not know your own name, your address, or where and when you were born? Learn about the complex process of memory and take a short quiz to see how well your memory system works.
9. Recognition vs Recall: Definitions & Differences
In this lesson, we will explore the different levels of memory and why there are some things that come really easily to mind and why other things are difficult to remember.
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Other chapters within the Praxis PLT - Grades K-6 (5622): Practice & Study Guide course
- Educational Theorists
- Theories of Educational Psychology
- Domains of Human Development
- Variables Affecting Learning & Teaching
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Special Education Modifications, Assessments & Legislation
- Behavioral Theories Affecting Education
- Motivation & Conditioning Theories in Education
- Strategies for Motivating Students
- Learning Environments & Classroom Management
- Instructional Theory & Approaches
- Standards & Frameworks in Instructional Planning
- Curriculum Planning
- Resources for Learning & Teaching
- Thematic & Interdisciplinary Instruction
- Instructional Models & Strategies
- Complex Cognitive Processes in Learning
- Promoting Collaboration & Self-Regulation in the Classroom
- Teaching Inquiry & Questioning Skills
- Classroom Discussion & Communication Techniques
- Assessing Student Learning
- Professional Development for Educators
- School & Organizational Support for Teachers
- Legal & Ethical Requirements of an Educator
- Praxis PLT: Grades K-6 Flashcards