About This Chapter
Cognitive Development in Early Childhood - Chapter Summary
In this chapter, our instructors have put together lessons to help you explore leading theories in the field of cognitive development. You'll learn about the theories of Piaget and Lev Vygotsky related to cognitive development of children, and you'll also discover helpful techniques to help support the cognitive development of children in the classroom. By completing the lessons in this chapter, you'll also have examined:
- Assimilation and accommodation
- Scaffolding and the zone of proximal development
- Learning and information processing
- Social constructivism
- The mediated learning experience
- Strategies to enhance cognitive development
- Cognitive development from birth to six years old
- Object permanence and sensorimotor periods of infancy
- The cognitive development of children and teens
These lessons have been developed to help you easily comprehend and retain the information. You'll find engaging video lessons that help to illustrate the material being covered. You can quickly navigate through main topics in the video by utilizing the Timeline. As a helpful resource, video transcripts are available for note-taking or text-based learning. To gauge your understanding of the topics, take a self-assessment quiz after each lesson. When you finish the chapter, take a cumulative exam to see how well you've absorbed the information.
1. Using Cognitive Development Psychology in the Classroom
Do you ever feel bombarded with the amount of new information in a class? How do you process new information in order to create usable knowledge? These are the types of questions cognitive psychologists and teachers seek to answer. This lesson will explore and apply the major assumptions of cognitive development and psychology.
2. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
3. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
4. Assimilation & Accommodation in Psychology: Definition & Examples
How do assimilation and accommodation help a child adapt to his environment? You'll explore how established and changing patterns of information drive a child's intellectual growth as he learns about cats and dogs.
5. Zone of Proximal Development and Scaffolding in the Classroom
Psychologist Lev Vygotsky developed a theory of cognitive development which focused on the role of culture in the development of higher mental functions. Several concepts arose from that theory that are important to classroom learning. This lesson will focus on two concepts: zone of proximal development and scaffolding.
6. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing
When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.
7. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development
When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.
8. Social Constructivism and the Mediated Learning Experience
A well-accepted fact among educational psychologists is the idea that knowledge is not absorbed but rather constructed through a person's experiences with his or her environment. This knowledge may be constructed individually or collaboratively. This lesson will briefly explain the processes behind knowledge construction and provide information on how socially constructed knowledge can advance the cognitive development of learners.
9. Tools to Advance Cognitive Development
The word 'tool' has a connotation of something that aids us. Normally, we think of tools being something manipulated with our hands to help us build. In this lesson, we will learn about tools designed to promote cognitive development.
10. The Sensitive Periods of Development: Birth to Age 6
The phrase 'sensitive periods in human development' may sound like it refers to moody teenagers, but it actually refers to periods of time when a child easily absorbs information in a specific way. The most important sensitive periods occur between birth and age six. Learn more in this lesson.
11. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
12. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
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Other chapters within the ILTS Early Childhood Education (206): Practice & Study Guide course
- Oral Language Development in Early Childhood
- Promoting Listening & Speaking Skills in Early Childhood
- Emergent Literacy in Early Childhood Education
- Phonemic Awareness in Early Childhood Education
- Print Concepts in Early Childhood Education
- Building Spelling Skills in Early Childhood
- Teaching Phonics in Early Childhood
- Word Identification Strategies in Early Childhood Education
- Vocabulary Development in Early Childhood Education
- Reading Comprehension Strategies in Early Childhood Education
- Applying Reading Skills in Early Childhood Education
- Writing Development in Early Childhood
- Early Childhood Writing Process
- Mathematical Concepts in Early Childhood
- Teaching Mathematics to Children
- Scientific Concepts & Processes in Early Childhood Education
- Earth & Space Science: Early Childhood Education
- Life Science in Early Childhood Education
- Physical Science in Early Childhood Education
- Environmental Science in Early Childhood Education
- Science Education Strategies for Early Childhood
- Geography Tools: Overview & Concepts
- Overview of American History
- Illinois History
- Civics & Economics in America
- Studying & Comparing Cultures
- Social Sciences in Early Childhood Education
- Protecting Personal Safety
- Health & Physical Education in Early Childhood Education
- Fine Arts in Child Education
- Early Childhood Physical Development
- Social Development in Early Childhood Education
- Health & Safety Issues in Early Childhood
- Planning for Instruction: Classroom Strategies
- Assessments in Childhood Education
- Individualized Education Plans
- Positive Learning Environments for Young Children
- The Early Childhood Education Professional
- Communication & Collaboration in Early Childhood Education
- ILTS Early Childhood Education Flashcards