About This Chapter
Cognitive Development in Psychology - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Cognitive development refers to the development of a person's ability to think and understand. It includes the emergence of language, information processing and conceptual skills. This chapter goes over the changes in cognition that occur from infancy into adulthood. After completing this chapter, you'll be able to:
- Explain how attention levels change over time
- Describe the stages of information processing
- Describe the stages of language development
- Explain the memory changes that occur in late adulthood
- Explain how intelligence changes over time
|Attention as Part of Cognitive Development: Definition & Process||Describe what attention is and explain how attention levels change over the lifespan|
|What is Information Processing? - Definition & Stages||Describe how each stage of information processing contributes to cognitive development|
|Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development||Look at Lev Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development, which emphasizes sociocultural contributions|
|Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods||Describe the sensorimotor periods that occur in the early stages of life and explain how infants develop object permanence skills|
|Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents||Describe the emergence of complex thinking skills in adolescents|
|Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language||Learn how the pre-linguistic and symbolic language stages of language development contribute to a child's understanding of syntax|
|Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration||Explain the importance of a child's centration, decentration and conservation skills in cognitive development|
|How Children Understand Change: Reversibility, Transformation Thought & Static Thought||Describe the differences between transformation thought, static thought and reversibility when it comes to how children look at change|
|The Role of Play in Cognitive Development||Describe the different types of play that contribute to cognitive development|
|Cognitive Development in Adults||Describe the growth and limitations in cognition that are experienced in adulthood|
|Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood||Describe how problem solving, information processing and memory change in late adulthood|
|Memory and Information Processing Over Time||Explain the changes in memory and information processing that occur at each stage of life|
|Knowledge and Change in Intelligence Over Time||Explain how crystallized intelligence, fluid intelligence, divergent knowledge and convergent knowledge change with age|
1. Attention as Part of Cognitive Development: Definition & Process
We pay attention in various ways, every day. In this lesson, we will look into the four types of attention we consistently use and look at how attention spans change throughout a lifetime.
2. What is Information Processing? - Definition & Stages
How do we interact with and process information in our daily lives? Psychologists use the theory of information processing to explain it. They also use the theory to talk about our stages of memory.
3. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
4. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
5. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
6. Cognitive Development in Children: Conservation, Decentration & Centration
As children grow, so do their thinking skills, knowledge, and learning. Watch this lesson to learn about how young children develop cognitively, including the key cognitive concepts of centration, decentration, and conservation.
7. How Children Understand Change: Reversibility, Transformation Thought & Static Thought
Children think in very different ways than adults do. As they develop in early childhood, their reasoning about change also develops as they come to understand the world better. Watch this lesson for a closer look at how children think about change.
8. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development
When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.
9. Cognitive Development in Adults
As people age, they discover that their thought processes change. Though some cognitive abilities decrease in middle age, some increase. In this lesson, we'll look at how executive functioning and wisdom increase in middle age.
10. Cognitive Development in Late Adulthood
Many people are aware of some of the memory problems older adults have, but did you know that they become better at some types of thinking? In this lesson, we'll examine the positive and negative cognitive changes in late life.
11. Memory and Information Processing Over Time
Memory is something we rely on throughout our lives. But, how does it first develop? In this lesson, we will explore the first signs of memory in infants and how memory changes over our lives.
12. Knowledge and Change in Intelligence Over Time
In this lesson, we will look at Raymond Cattell's two types of intelligence: fluid and crystallized. We will also look at convergent and divergent ways of thinking and changes in intelligence over time.
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Other chapters within the Psychology: High School course
- History of Modern Psychology
- Introduction to Research Methods in Psychology
- Data Collection in Psychological Research
- Sampling in Psychological Research
- Measurement in Psychological Research
- Statistics in Psychological Research
- Evaluating Research Findings in Psychology
- Biological Bases of Behavior in Psychology
- Sensation & Perception in Psychology
- Motivation & Needs in Psychology
- Emotion in Psychology
- Stress in Psychology
- Basics of Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Theoretical Foundations for Life Span Developmental Psychology
- Biological Development in Psychology
- Sensory & Perceptual Development in Psychology
- Physical Development & Psychology
- Social Development in Psychology
- Personality Development & Theories
- Learning & Conditioning in Psychology
- Memory & Cognition in Psychology
- Intelligence Testing in Psychology
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Basics of Social Psychology
- Abnormal Psychology Basics
- Theories of Abnormal Psychology
- Abnormal Disorders in Psychology
- Treatment of Psychological Disorders
- Legal and Ethical Issues in Psychology