Ch 17: Cognitive Influences on Learning

About This Chapter

Look over this chapter's video and text lessons exploring cognitive influences on learning for a fun and informative review! Some areas the chapter delves into include the two-store model of memory and how short-term memory works.

Cognitive Influences on Learning - Chapter Summary

Memory is a major chapter focus. You'll also find a discussion of different mnemonic devices and how they benefit retrieval. An additional lesson explores issues affecting long-term memory retrieval, including interference, amnesia and state-dependent memory. Other lessons available to you examine the following:

  • Types of sensory and long-term memory
  • The cognitive perspective in psychology
  • Problems and solution strategies
  • Knowledge organization, including schemata and scripts
  • Creativity, brainstorming and divergent and convergent thinking
  • Information transfer
  • Advancing creativity in a learning environment

The short video lessons effectively break down all of these major topics across the chapter. The corresponding text lessons all feature readily identifiable key terms and some also include visual aids. Finish each lesson with a quick practice quiz to reaffirm your grasp of the material.

11 Lessons in Chapter 17: Cognitive Influences on Learning
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing

1. Cognitive Perspective of Learning & Information Processing

When you see or hear something in your environment, how does your brain recognize what you are seeing or hearing? This lesson introduces the cognitive perspective in psychology, including the difference between sensation and perception. We'll also discuss the famous Gestalt principles of perception that you do automatically every day but didn't necessarily know there were names for what your brain was doing.

The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage

2. The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage

Do you remember your first day of school? This lesson discusses the foundational concepts behind all memories, including basic types of memory and the process all memories must go through for success: encoding, storage and retrieval.

Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term

3. Categories of Memory: Sensory & Long-Term

Did you know that there are several types of memories? How does your brain keep track of them all? In this lesson, as you observe your surroundings at an art museum, you'll come to understand how your brain categorizes memory so you can remember your experiences.

Short-Term Memory: How STM Works

4. Short-Term Memory: How STM Works

All memories must first pass through short-term memory (STM) before becoming permanent. But how does STM really work? This lesson covers several aspects of STM, including why it seems to be an auditory-based system, how much information can be stored and the serial position curve.

Improving Retrieval of Memories: Mnemonic Devices

5. Improving Retrieval of Memories: Mnemonic Devices

When you have to study for a test and you need to remember a large amount of information, what strategies do you use to help your memory? These strategies are called mnemonic devices. This lesson covers several well-known mnemonic devices, such as chunking, the method of loci and the keyword technique.

Retrieving Long-Term Memories: Interference, Amnesia & State-Dependent Memory

6. Retrieving Long-Term Memories: Interference, Amnesia & State-Dependent Memory

Have you ever been sure that you know something but simply can't pull it out of your memory? This frustrating experience is a lack of retrieval, and this lesson discusses several aspects of successful retrieval, including retroactive and proactive interference, state-dependent memory and different forms of amnesia.

Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts

7. Knowledge Organization: Schemata and Scripts

How does your mind organize the world? When you see a new animal, can you easily tell if it's a bird, mammal or fish? Categories and mental structures, such as types of animals, are called schemata. This lesson discusses different types of schemata and why they are important.

Types of Information Transfer

8. Types of Information Transfer

When you acquire one skill, does that ability help or hurt your ability to learn other skills? For example, learning to play the guitar might help you learn to play the banjo, but it probably doesn't affect your ability to learn the geography of Africa. This lesson focuses on transfer of information, including positive, negative and zero transfer, as well as the difference between high-road and low-road transfer of information.

Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking

9. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking

Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.

How to Advance Creativity in a Learning Environment

10. How to Advance Creativity in a Learning Environment

Students in a classroom can attempt to solve problems in a wide variety of creative ways. This lesson defines creativity and then covers barriers to thinking creatively, including response sets and functional fixedness. Finally, the lesson discusses different types of creative problem solving, including brainstorming and working backward.

Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies

11. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies

We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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