About This Chapter
Cognitive & Moral Development in Children - Chapter Summary
Cognitive and moral development can vary in children based on a variety of factors, including their age, participation in activities and social environment. Use this chapter to learn more about these types of development. Lessons explore definitions of cognitive and moral development, and examine their influences. Expert instructors also explore cognitive development theories from Piaget, Vygotsky and moral development theories from Kohlberg and Carol Gilligan. When finished reviewing this chapter, you will have the knowledge to:
- Discuss how attention and play both impact cognitive development
- List and describe stages of information processing
- Discover how play affects cognitive development
- Showcase your understanding of development theories from Piaget, Vygotsky, Kohlberg and Gilligan
- Describe how infants, children and adolescents develop cognitively
- Explain how memory, information processing, knowledge and intelligence change over time
- Define and identify types of cognitive disabilities and learning disorders/disabilities
- Provide details about multiple intelligences and creativity and intelligence in adolescence
Each video lesson in this chapter averages about 10 minutes, making it easy for you to fit your study of cognitive and moral development into a busy schedule. Also, enjoy access to full lesson transcripts that offer vocabulary words you can use to deepen your understanding of this chapter's concepts. Below each video is a timeline designed to help you identify and skip to key topics if you don't have time to watch a lesson in full. Lesson quizzes and a chapter exam are also available to ensure you have a complete understanding of cognitive and moral development.
1. Attention as Part of Cognitive Development: Definition & Process
We pay attention in various ways, every day. In this lesson, we will look into the four types of attention we consistently use and look at how attention spans change throughout a lifetime.
2. What is Information Processing? - Definition & Stages
How do we interact with and process information in our daily lives? Psychologists use the theory of information processing to explain it. They also use the theory to talk about our stages of memory.
3. The Role of Play in Cognitive Development
When we think of childhood, we often think of playing. But did you know that playing is vital to a child's healthy development? In this lesson, we will learn about the various types of play that aid a child's cognitive growth.
4. Cognitive Development in Infants: Object Permanence & Sensorimotor Periods
There is no time like infancy - it is the first exposure people have to the world. According to Jean Piaget, there are six stages infants go through as they develop cognitively and learn to act in their environment.
5. Cognitive Development in Children and Adolescents
If you were to observe children growing into their teenage years, you would notice their thinking and understanding develops over time. In this lesson, you will learn about the specific stages of mental growth in children and adolescents as outlined by Jean Piaget.
6. Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
How does a child's thinking change as she gets older? When does she learn about object permanence, conservation and abstract reasoning? You'll see that thought processes we take for granted as adults are actually important milestones in a child's cognitive development.
7. Lev Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
The role of culture and social interactions are imperative to cognitive development, according to psychologist, Lev Vygotsky. This lesson will discuss how social interactions play a role in cognitive development of children, provide an overview of Vygotsky's cultural-historical theory and describe the stages of speech and language development.
8. Memory and Information Processing Over Time
Memory is something we rely on throughout our lives. But, how does it first develop? In this lesson, we will explore the first signs of memory in infants and how memory changes over our lives.
9. Knowledge and Change in Intelligence Over Time
In this lesson, we will look at Raymond Cattell's two types of intelligence: fluid and crystallized. We will also look at convergent and divergent ways of thinking and changes in intelligence over time.
10. Kohlberg's Stages of Moral Development
How do people learn to make morally sound decisions? To illustrate Kohlberg's levels of moral development, we'll follow Lauren as she makes difficult decisions.
11. Carol Gilligan's Theory of Moral Development
How does one choose between right and wrong? Are there differences in moral development based on gender? Psychologist Carol Gilligan proposed a theory that highlights the differences between male and female moral development.
12. What are Cognitive Disabilities? - Definition, Types & Examples
Educators must be prepared to work with students with cognitive disabilities. In this lesson, we will review the definition and different types of cognitive disabilities that are present in today's classrooms.
13. Learning Disorders and Disabilities: Definition, Causes, Treatment and Diagnosis
Why do some students struggle to learn? What types of learning disabilities affect students? In this lesson, we'll look closely at three common learning disorders: dyslexia, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia.
14. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
15. Creativity and Intelligence in Adolescence
You know that emotional and physical changes take place during adolescence, but what about intellectual changes? Learn about the behavior of IQ during this time and find out why it is important to encourage creativity in adolescents.
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