About This Chapter
1. Cognitive Processes in Learning: Types, Definition & Examples
Explore the cognitive processes your brain is going through right now to learn information. We'll define key terms and discuss the two leading theories.
2. The Two-Store Model of Memory: Types of Memory and Storage
Do you remember your first day of school? This lesson discusses the foundational concepts behind all memories, including basic types of memory and the process all memories must go through for success: encoding, storage and retrieval.
3. Cognitive Thinking: Creativity, Brainstorming and Convergent & Divergent Thinking
Creativity is useful in almost any situation, but how is creativity defined? This lesson covers the definition of creativity and discusses how creativity requires several different types of thinking, including divergent thinking and synthetic, analytic, and practical intelligence. This lesson also defines and describes brainstorming.
4. Comparing and Contrasting: Examples & Concept
Learn about the development strategy of comparing and contrasting, and how to apply it in an essay. Review the examples, and then take a quiz to test your new knowledge.
5. Teaching Critical Thinking Skills
Critical thinking is one of the most important habits a student can learn. This lesson helps you figure out what critical thinking skills are and how you can help your students develop them.
6. The Differences Between Inductive and Deductive Reasoning
Inductive and deductive reasoning are often confused. This lesson introduces the concept of reasoning and gives you tips and tricks to keeping inductive and deductive reasoning straight.
7. Questioning as a Cognitive Process
Questions are used throughout learning to help students process new information and apply it to new situations. In this lesson, we will learn more about how our questions can be used as a cognitive strategy.
8. Types of Problems & Problem Solving Strategies
We solve hundreds of small problems everyday. This lesson covers different types of problems, such as routine vs. non-routine, and many of the different problem-solving strategies we use, including algorithms, heuristics, graphic representations and the IDEAL Strategy.
9. Activities for Teaching Complex Cognitive Processes
Teaching students to think more complexly and engage in more abstract and intricate cognitive processes can be really exciting. This lesson provides activities you can use to teach complex cognitive processes.
10. Low-Effort vs. High-Effort Thinking: Advantages & Disadvantages
Our cognitive wheels are always in motion, even if we don't realize it. In this lesson, we discuss thinking and differentiate between low-effort and high-effort thinking. We also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each type of thinking.
11. What is Bias? - Definition & Types
Through this lesson, you will learn how to define bias and explore a brief introduction to some of the types that exist in psychology and the social sciences. When you are through with the lesson, you can test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
12. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
13. Instructional Strategies for Summarizing & Note-Taking
Note-taking and summarizing is an important skill for students. This lesson will highlight techniques for each and show how teachers can effectively instruct students on the use of these skills.
14. Organizing and Categorizing Ideas, Concepts and Information
In this lesson, you will learn clear, simple ways to group your ideas together. First, you'll figure out what the paper is about, and then the rest is easy!
15. How to Make Predictions Based on Information from a Reading Selection
Making predictions when reading is an important reading comprehension strategy. In this lesson, we will discuss why it is important and how to model and practice it.
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Other chapters within the Praxis PLT Grades 5-9 (5623): Study Guide & Practice course
- Educational Theorists
- Theories of Educational Psychology
- Domains of Human Development
- Variables Affecting Learning & Teaching
- Students with Individual Disabilities, Disorders & Impairments
- Special Education Modifications, Assessments & Legislation
- Behavioral Theories Affecting Education
- Motivation & Conditioning Theories in Education
- Strategies for Motivating Students
- Classroom Management & Positive Learning Environments
- Standards & Frameworks in Instructional Planning
- Curriculum Planning Strategies
- Teaching & Learning Resources
- Thematic & Interdisciplinary Instruction
- Instructional Models & Strategies
- Promoting Collaboration & Self-Regulation in the Classroom
- Teaching Inquiry Through Questioning
- Classroom Discussion & Communication Techniques
- Assessing Student Learning
- Professional Development for Educators
- School & Organizational Support for Teachers
- Legal & Ethical Requirements of an Educator
- Praxis PLT Grades 5-9 (5623) Flashcards