About This Chapter
Collective Bargaining - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
When management and unions talk, it's called collective bargaining. Examine the process and learn what roles both groups play. After completing this chapter, you'll understand:
- The definition, process and role of collective bargaining
- Why collective bargaining is important
- Bargaining strategies
- Issues: wages, benefits and reviews
- Reaching an agreement: contract ratification
- What happens when an agreement can't be reached
- Employer rights and responsibilities
|What Is Collective Bargaining? - Definition & Process||Understand the definition of collective bargaining.|
|Function of Collective Bargaining||Outline the process and function of collective bargaining.|
|Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process||Learn the power of mass numbers when negotiating.|
|Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive||Discover the different strategies employed during negotiations.|
|Bargaining Issues: Wages & Wage Incentives||Examine the variety of wage issues often discussed during negotiations, including profit-sharing, skill-based pay and wage adjustments.|
|Bargaining Issues for Job Evaluation Programs||Describe the issues associated with job evaluation.|
|Bargaining Issues Related to Employee Benefits||Explore the many areas of employee benefits that often fall under contract negotiations such as vacation, health insurance, pensions and tuition-reimbursement.|
|Contract Ratification: Definition & Process||Learn what happens once an agreement has been reached…it's not over yet!|
|Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences||Discover what can happen when an agreement can't be reached.|
|Employer Restrictions and Rights in Unionizing Process & Collective Bargaining||Outline the employer's rights and responsibilities during the process of unionization and collective bargaining.|
1. What Is Collective Bargaining? - Definition & Process
Collective bargaining is a vital process in labor-management relationships in the United States. In this lesson, you will learn what collective bargaining is and be given a general outline of its process. A short quiz will follow the lesson.
2. Function of Collective Bargaining
The function of collective bargaining is to negotiate work-related issues. Bargaining or negotiating takes place between the employer and the employees. The employees are represented by a collective bargaining unit.
3. Importance of the Collective Bargaining Process
One of the primary advantages of unionization for workers is the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about collective bargaining and why it is important in labor-management relationship. A short quiz follows.
4. Bargaining Strategies in Labor Relations: Integrative & Distributive
One of the great advantages that unionized workers have is the ability to collectively bargain as a group with management. In this lesson, you'll learn about integrative and distributive bargaining strategies. A short quiz follows.
5. Bargaining Issues: Wages & Wage Incentives
This lesson details wage and wage incentive programs, which are included in union contracts. We will look at incentive programs such as profit-sharing and gain-sharing, and we'll also review wage programs, such as the two-tier pay plan and wage adjustments.
6. Bargaining Issues for Job Evaluation Programs
This lesson looks at the job evaluation process and how it works in a unionized setting. Issues related to collective bargaining are highlighted, including creating a committee, determining job components, setting wages, and settling disputes.
7. Bargaining Issues Related to Employee Benefits
In this lesson, we'll see how Danny, a manager for Brakes & Brothers, handles bargaining issues regarding employee benefits. Several examples are given and discussed. These include insurance, income maintenance, work sharing, premium pay, and holidays.
8. Contract Ratification: Definition & Process
Learn more about a union's contract ratification process, including where it begins, how it becomes a tentative agreement, and how it is ratified. Find out the reasons why a contract may be rejected, including what behavior motivates a member's vote.
9. Bargaining Impasses: Strikes, Lockouts & Other Consequences
If negotiations between management and a union are not succeeding, either party may turn to more drastic measures to pressure concessions. In this lesson, you'll learn about strikes, lockouts, picketing and boycotts.
10. Employer Restrictions and Rights in Unionizing Process & Collective Bargaining
Employees and employers have rights during unionization attempts and during the collective bargaining process. In this lesson, you'll learn about the rights of employers, as well as the restrictions to which they are subject, during these processes.
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Other chapters within the Business 105: Labor Relations course
- The Industrial Relations System
- Union Structure, Organization & Management
- American Labor History
- American Labor Law in the Private Sector Before 1960
- American Labor Law in the Private Sector After 1960
- The Organizing Process
- Contract Administration
- Labor Arbitration
- The Public Sector
- International Labor Relations
- Studying for Business 105