About This Chapter
Standard: Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating command of formal English when indicated or appropriate. (See grade 7 Language standards 1 and 3 here for specific expectations.) (CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.6)
About This Chapter
Working with students on the content in this chapter will help them to develop strong composition and speaking skills. In reviewing relevant grammar and sentence structure rules they will be able to craft messages that project their message with clarity and precision. Videos on types of language will help them to develop a speech that captures their audience's attention. The topics covered in this set of videos include:
- Language precision
- Vivid, inclusive, literal, and sensory language
- How to proofread messages
- Grammar and clarity definitions and examples
- Sentence structure and phrases
- Transition sentences
- Modifier basics
Students who are proficient in these skills will exhibit a high level of command of the English language as they prepare and deliver speeches. They will demonstrate an understanding of the application of various types of language and imagery, matching content with appropriate language. Their copy will be to-the-point and clear and will flow smoothly through transitions.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Here are some quick ideas for bringing these videos into the classroom.
That's, like, so hard!
Help your students understand how to eliminate filler words and words/phrases that tend toward confusion or inaccuracy by watching the videos on precise language, language types, and clarity. Have each student briefly describe a recent event in their lives to the rest of the class. Did they use a lot of fillers ('like,' 'uh') or words which are commonly misused or inherently vague ('hard' versus 'difficult/complicated')? Did they use language tools which bring the story to life and which were appropriate to the audience?
Transitions are important in every speaking event, but few places are they as critical to effective delivery as in stand-up comedy. Watch the video on writing and using transitions in class. As homework, have students look up some videos from a favorite comedian and analyze their use of transitions as they navigate various topics during their routine.
Sentence structure practice
Watch the videos on proofreading, sentence clarity and improving sentence structure together as a class. Next, have each student craft a brief synopsis of a news report they recently watched or read (be sure to have some papers available for those who haven't recently read anything). Then have students exchange their synopses with another student, each proofreading the other's for clarity and sentence structure.
1. The Importance of Using Precise Language in Writing
The simple tips in this lesson will help your writing come to life. Learn how to choose particular nouns and verbs that are active or that show precise states of being, perfect modifiers, and, as an added bonus, a very powerful writing tool: similes.
2. Using Vivid Language in Public Speaking
A speech should not bore the audience. To captivate your audience and command their attention, the use of vivid language is necessary. This includes using clarity, rhythm and vividness to get your audience to pay attention to your speech.
3. Inclusive Language in Public Speaking: Respecting Diversity
Speechwriters must consider diversity when writing their speeches. A way to avoid offending people is to use inclusive language, or language that the audience is familiar with and understands.
4. Literal Language: Definition & Examples
Do you sometimes feel like nobody understands you? Well, perhaps you should try using more literal language! Learn more about this form of straightforward expression in this lesson, where you'll also find some literal language in action.
5. Sensory Language: Definition & Examples
This lesson assists you in identifying and understanding the components of sensory writing found in literature. Learn more about sensory writing and test your understanding with a short quiz.
6. Proofreading Your Message for Spelling, Grammar, Accuracy & Clarity
One of the final stages of completing a business message is to proofread the communication for spelling, grammar, accuracy and clarity by completing different review options. Learn how to proofread in this lesson.
7. What Is Grammar? - Exercises & Overview
In this lesson, we'll look at the grammatical structure of the English language. What are the basic parts of speech that make up the building blocks of sentences? Keep reading, and you'll see!
8. Sentence Clarity: How to Write Clear Sentences
Just because you know a good sentence when you read one doesn't mean that you think it's easy to put one together - forget about writing an essay's worth. Learn how to write clear sentences and turn rough ones into gems.
9. How to Write Better by Improving Your Sentence Structure
Often times in writing, we know what we want to say, but it doesn't seem to come out right. In this video we will learn the steps needed to improve your writing with better sentence structure.
10. How to Write and Use Transition Sentences
Like a road map, transitions guide readers through your essay. This lesson examines the way writers transition between sentences, within paragraphs and between paragraphs to make for a smooth reading experience.
11. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
12. What is a Phrase?
In this lesson, we will define a phrase. We will then discuss the different kinds of phrases, look at examples of each, and then discuss how to use them correctly in writing.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 7 - Speaking & Listening: Standards course
- Collaborative Discussions: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1
- Preparation Through Research: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1A
- Group Rules, Roles & Goals: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1B
- Questioning & Elaborating : CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1C
- Acknowledging Audience Information: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.1D
- Analyzing Main Ideas: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.2
- Evaluating Arguments: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.3
- Presenting Knowledge & Ideas: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.4
- Using Multimedia & Visual Support: CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.SL.7.5