Ch 2: Compass ESL: Reading Basics

About This Chapter

The goal of the Reading Basics chapter is to help you improve your ability to comprehend what you read and understand unfamiliar words. Utilize the lessons in this chapter as you prepare to answer reading questions on the ACT Compass ESL examination.

Compass ESL - Reading Basics - Chapter Summary

The video lessons in this chapter will help you to better understand what you read. As a result, you may improve your ability to write more cohesively and also develop your editing skills. This kind of knowledge is necessary to do well on the reading section of the ACT Compass ESL examination. Complete these lessons and you could:

  • Develop skills for understanding inferred meanings
  • Describe differences between connotation and denotation
  • Determine word meanings through use of roots and affixes
  • Use visualization, big picture and close reading strategies
  • Understand an essay's main idea
  • Explore different kinds of transitions
  • Distinguish between topic and argument
  • Understand how a story's structure affects its meaning
  • Use text to guide interpretation
  • Interpret bar and line graphs

Study these lessons in preparation for passing the reading section of the ACT Compass ESL examination. Designed to be entertaining as well as educational, the animated lessons are taught by knowledgeable instructors. Feel free to ask them questions about reading basics. You may also use the handy lesson quizzes and practice chapter examination to assess your progress.

Compass ESL - Reading Basics Objectives

The Reading Test section of the ACT Compass ESL examination consists of questions that measure your ability to understand direct statements as well as implied meanings. If you have mastered the information in this Reading Basics chapter, you should have the knowledge necessary to answer the ACT Compass ESL Reading Test questions. In part, the 4-section test determines your ability to understand event sequences, make generalizations and identify main ideas. You'll have 35 minutes to answer 40 multiple-choice questions and demonstrate college-level reading comprehension skills.

11 Lessons in Chapter 2: Compass ESL: Reading Basics
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

1. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning

In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.

What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples

2. What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples

Discover the difference between a word's denotation and its connotation in this lesson. Explore how authors use both denotation and connotation to add layers of meaning to their work with some literary examples.

Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words

3. Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words

In this lesson, we will learn how to understand the meaning of words by breaking them down into the parts that form them. This requires knowledge of the Greek and Latin roots, and affixes, which are parts we add to roots to make new words.

Reading Strategies Using Visualization

4. Reading Strategies Using Visualization

In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.

Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies

5. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies

In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'

Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension

6. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension

In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.

Navigating a Reading Passage with Transitions

7. Navigating a Reading Passage with Transitions

In this lesson, you'll get some tips and advice for using transitional words or phrases to navigate a reading passage and find the main point. Then, you can practice yourself in the quiz.

Topic vs. Argument in a Reading Passage

8. Topic vs. Argument in a Reading Passage

Understanding the distinction between topic and argument is an important part of becoming a critical reader. Here's the difference, with examples. Also review how to identify the support for an argument in a passage.

What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

9. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?

In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.

Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation

10. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation

In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.

Interpreting Graphical Representations

11. Interpreting Graphical Representations

After watching this video lesson, you will be able to quickly and easily read and interpret any line and bar graph. You will be able to gather important information by just looking at one of these graphs.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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