About This Chapter
Compass ESL - Reading Basics - Chapter Summary
The video lessons in this chapter will help you to better understand what you read. As a result, you may improve your ability to write more cohesively and also develop your editing skills. This kind of knowledge is necessary to do well on the reading section of the ACT Compass ESL examination. Complete these lessons and you could:
- Develop skills for understanding inferred meanings
- Describe differences between connotation and denotation
- Determine word meanings through use of roots and affixes
- Use visualization, big picture and close reading strategies
- Understand an essay's main idea
- Explore different kinds of transitions
- Distinguish between topic and argument
- Understand how a story's structure affects its meaning
- Use text to guide interpretation
- Interpret bar and line graphs
Study these lessons in preparation for passing the reading section of the ACT Compass ESL examination. Designed to be entertaining as well as educational, the animated lessons are taught by knowledgeable instructors. Feel free to ask them questions about reading basics. You may also use the handy lesson quizzes and practice chapter examination to assess your progress.
Compass ESL - Reading Basics Objectives
The Reading Test section of the ACT Compass ESL examination consists of questions that measure your ability to understand direct statements as well as implied meanings. If you have mastered the information in this Reading Basics chapter, you should have the knowledge necessary to answer the ACT Compass ESL Reading Test questions. In part, the 4-section test determines your ability to understand event sequences, make generalizations and identify main ideas. You'll have 35 minutes to answer 40 multiple-choice questions and demonstrate college-level reading comprehension skills.
1. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
2. What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples
Discover the difference between a word's denotation and its connotation in this lesson. Explore how authors use both denotation and connotation to add layers of meaning to their work with some literary examples.
3. Using Affixes and Roots to Find the Meaning of Words
In this lesson, we will learn how to understand the meaning of words by breaking them down into the parts that form them. This requires knowledge of the Greek and Latin roots, and affixes, which are parts we add to roots to make new words.
4. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
5. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
6. Get the Gist of an Essay & Improve Reading Comprehension
In this lesson, we learn quick rules of getting the 'gist' or point of a sentence, paragraph and essay. This skill will improve your reading speed and help you become a more effective and efficient reader and writer.
7. Navigating a Reading Passage with Transitions
In this lesson, you'll get some tips and advice for using transitional words or phrases to navigate a reading passage and find the main point. Then, you can practice yourself in the quiz.
8. Topic vs. Argument in a Reading Passage
Understanding the distinction between topic and argument is an important part of becoming a critical reader. Here's the difference, with examples. Also review how to identify the support for an argument in a passage.
9. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
10. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation
In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.
11. Interpreting Graphical Representations
After watching this video lesson, you will be able to quickly and easily read and interpret any line and bar graph. You will be able to gather important information by just looking at one of these graphs.
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Other chapters within the ACT Compass English as a Second Language Test: Practice & Study Guide course