About This Chapter
Literary Terms - Chapter Summary
Become comfortable with identifying the different types of literary terms by studying this chapter's lessons. Watch the engaging videos to get a better idea of the topics being discussed within different text lessons. You will see the following in the chapter's lessons:
- Symbolism and imagery
- Allusion and illusion
- Rhetorical strategy
- Cliches and paradoxes
The key terms to focus on regarding literary terms appear in bold for quick identification during your studying. Lessons presented in video make for a fun way to learn, and they help with distinguishing the various literary devices from one another.
ACT Compass Reading Objectives
The ACT Compass Reading Test includes multiple-choice questions based on an assortment of different passages as well as a diagnostic part that evaluates skills in reading comprehension and vocabulary. Studying the information in this chapter prepares you for the exam's content on literary terms. Some learning targets for this chapter include knowing:
- The difference between metaphors and similes
- Point of view
- Types of foreshadowing
- How to use irony
1. What Are Literary Motifs? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn about how writers use themes in works of literature as a way to explore universal ideas like love and war. You will also explore motifs, or repeating objects and ideas, which can contribute to theme.
2. Symbolism & Imagery in Literature: Definitions & Examples
In this lesson you will learn how poets and authors use symbolism in their writing to make it more meaningful and interesting. Explore how descriptive writing called imagery appeals to the senses, adding to works of literature.
3. What is a Metaphor? - Examples, Definition & Types
Metaphors are all around you. They're the bright sparkling lights that turn plain evergreens into Christmas trees. Learn how to spot them, why writers write with them, and how to use them yourself right here.
4. Similes in Literature: Definition and Examples
Explore the simile and how, through comparison, it is used as a shorthand to say many things at once. Learn the difference between similes and metaphors, along with many examples of both.
5. Types of Irony: Examples & Definitions
Discover, once and for all, what irony is and is not. Explore three types of irony: verbal, situational and dramatic, and learn about some famous and everyday examples.
6. Allusion and Illusion: Definitions and Examples
Allusions and illusions have little in common besides the fact that they sound similar. Learn the difference between the two and how allusions are an important part of literature and writing - and how to spot them in text.
7. Cliches, Paradoxes & Equivocations: Definitions & Examples
Learn about cliches, paradoxes, and equivocations, and how they can weaken or strengthen certain types of writing. Explore examples of all three from literature and daily life.
8. Personification and Apostrophe: Differences & Examples
In this lesson, explore how writers use personification to give human characteristics to objects, ideas, and animals. Learn about apostrophe, or when characters speak to objects, ideas, and even imaginary people as if they were also characters.
9. What is Foreshadowing? - Types, Examples & Definitions
Learn about how authors use foreshadowing, both subtle and direct, as part of their storytelling process. Explore many examples of foreshadowing, from classical plays to contemporary stories.
10. Allegory in Literature: History, Definition & Examples
Learn about allegories and how stories can be used to deliver messages, lessons or even commentaries on big concepts and institutions. Explore how allegories range from straightforward to heavily-veiled and subtle.
11. Narrators in Literature: Types and Definitions
Learn how point of view, or the angle from which a story is told, impacts the narrative voice of a work of literature. Explore, through examples, how point of view can be limited, objective, or omniscient.
12. ACT English Practice: Rhetorical Strategy
Learn how to answer ACT English questions about details, adding and removing different words or phrases, and other rhetorical strategy issues. See three sample questions with explanations, and then try five more on your own.
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Other chapters within the ACT Compass Reading Test: Practice & Study Guide course
- About the Compass Test
- Overview of the Compass Reading Test
- Compass Reading Test: Types of Questions on the Exam
- Compass Reading Test: Understanding Reading Passages
- Compass Reading Test: Practical Reading Interpretation & Analysis
- Compass Reading Test: Prose Fiction Analysis
- Compass Reading Test: Practice