About This Chapter
Understanding Reading Passages - Chapter Summary
Increase your understanding of what you read in passages by studying the content in this chapter. The numerous video lessons in the chapter cover the main topics and make passages easier to grasp. This chapter addresses the following:
- Using context to establish meaning
- Organizational writing patterns
- Tone and mood
- Connotation and denotation
After you look at the information contained in a lesson you can take a practice quiz to assess your progress with the material. The videos you'll view throughout the chapter have tags to use for easy navigation between different segments.
ACT Compass Reading Objectives
The ACT Compass Reading Test has a placement component and a diagnostic part. The placement section consists of multiple-choice questions based on five different reading passages, including one that deals with practical reading. This chapter's lessons provide you with preparation to answer the questions you'll see that assess your reading comprehension. Some chapter objectives are as follows:
- The steps involved in analyzing literature
- Using prior knowledge and word structure to determine meaning
- Big-picture and close reading strategies
- Knowing the difference between topic and argument in a passage
1. How to Use Context to Determine the Meaning of Words
With diligence and intrepid ingenuity, you can use context to ascertain the purport of a word. In other words, in this lesson, we'll find out how to use context to figure out what words mean.
2. How to Analyze a Literary Passage: A Step-by-Step Guide
In this lesson, we will examine the steps involved in the basic analysis of literature. Then, using a well-known fable, we will go through each step of analysis: comprehension, interpreting and drawing conclusions.
3. Organizational Patterns for Writing: Purpose and Types
Ever read a piece of writing and simply not understand the message? Knowing the structure of the writing will often help you understand it. Watch this video lesson to learn about structure of writing.
4. What is Inference? - How to Infer Intended Meaning
In this lesson, we will define the terms inference and intended meaning. We will then discuss what steps to take when making inferences in literature.
5. Constructing Meaning with Context Clues, Prior Knowledge & Word Structure
In this lesson, you will learn how readers use prior knowledge, context clues and word structure to aid their understanding of what they read. Explore these strategies through examples from literature and everyday life.
6. Reading Strategies Using Visualization
In this lesson, we will define visualization. We will then discuss why this step is important, how we can visualize, and when you should visualize. Finally, we will look at a sample from a poem and practice visualizing.
7. What Are Connotation and Denotation? - Definitions & Examples
Discover the difference between a word's denotation and its connotation in this lesson. Explore how authors use both denotation and connotation to add layers of meaning to their work with some literary examples.
8. Understanding Tone and Mood in a Reading Passage
In this lesson, we will define the literary terms tone and mood. We will then discuss how to identify each of them, as well as how to identify them in small reading passages.
9. What is Structure in Writing and How Does it Affect Meaning?
In this lesson, we will define the role of structure in literature. From there, we will look at the different ways to structure fiction and how it affects the meaning.
10. Close Reading vs. Big Picture Reading Strategies
In this lesson, learn about two different approaches to reading a work of literature: big picture strategies and close reading strategies. Discover how these two perspectives can be put into practice through examples from the play 'Romeo and Juliet.'
11. Interpreting Literary Meaning: How to Use Text to Guide Your Interpretation
In this lesson, we will discuss how to find and interpret literary meaning in writings. The lesson will focus on using the text to find key elements to guide your interpretation.
12. Navigating a Reading Passage with Transitions
In this lesson, you'll get some tips and advice for using transitional words or phrases to navigate a reading passage and find the main point. Then, you can practice yourself in the quiz.
13. Topic vs. Argument in a Reading Passage
Understanding the distinction between topic and argument is an important part of becoming a critical reader. Here's the difference, with examples. Also review how to identify the support for an argument in a passage.
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