About This Chapter
Compounds & Chemical Reactions - Chapter Summary
Utilize this chapter as a way to review the details about chemical compounds and reactions. Go to the chapter menu to see what lesson topics are available. As you go from lesson to lesson, you will learn about such concepts as coordinated compound shapes, the rearrangement of atoms, chemicals compounds in common household goods, and the interactions with biological molecules. Upon completing this chapter, you will possess the skills to:
- Describe how bonding works in coordinating compounds
- Identify examples of structural isomers
- Analyze four of the main organic chemical reactions
- Define the benefits and drawbacks of phenol disinfectants
- Compare alkanols and alcohols
- Explain the effects, uses, and formula of ether
- Point out the uses and properties of aldehydes and ketones
- Show the structural formula for carboxylic acid
- Determine the reactions and structure of amine
- Establish the effects and formula of cyanide
- Outline the chemical reactions and preparation of diazonium salts
We provide you with assessment tools to help you determine how well you know this chemistry topic. Our lesson quizzes, for example, let you evaluate your knowledge one topic at a time. These quizzes include about five multiple-choice style questions, and they challenge your ability to recognize such things as true statements, definitions, terms, and concepts. After you answer the questions, you will instantly see your results. Remember, you can always retake the quizzes to improve your scores and to practice answering questions about chemistry.
1. Coordination Chemistry: Bonding in Coordinated Compounds
Discover what a coordinated compound is. Understand how bonding occurs in coordinated compounds and some of the possible shapes coordinated compounds can be. Learn the uses in nature and industry for coordinated compounds.
2. Structural Isomers: Definition & Examples
Molecular formulas don't always tell us how the atoms are arranged within a molecule. When one formula can lead us to different arrangements of atoms, the results are referred to as structural isomers, examples of which we'll explore in this lesson.
3. Organic Chemical Reactions: Addition, Substitution, Polymerization & Cracking
Organic molecules can combine, swap atoms, break apart and even make more of themselves. In this lesson, we will explore several organic reactions with examples.
4. What Are Phenol Disinfectants? - Definition, Advantages & Disadvantages
We will explore a disinfectant known as phenol. We'll cover what its mechanism of action is, what it can and cannot kill, its advantages and disadvantages and its involvement in enzyme systems.
5. Alcohols & Alkanols: Classification & Functional Group
At first glance, the term alcohol and alkanol sound quite similar. In fact, there are similarities between both compounds. Explore this lesson to learn about alcohols and alkanols, how they are classified, and what their functional groups are.
6. What is Ether? - Definition, Uses, Effects & Formula
This lesson is on ether, a chemical used in medicine and industry. Here, we'll talk about what ether actually is and learn about its chemical properties. We'll also explore the historical and current uses for ether.
7. Ketones & Aldehydes: Structure, Properties & Uses
Ketones and aldehydes can be ingredients in some familiar products. This lesson will explore some of the uses of these organic molecules. It will also examine the properties and structure of both ketones and aldehydes.
8. Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses
We may not know it, but we encounter compounds called carboxylic acids regularly. These substances are in our kitchens and medicine cabinets and are used in various industrial applications. In this lesson, we will learn all about carboxylic acids.
9. Amine: Definition, Structure, Reactions & Formula
What does the fried fish you eat and dog poop have in common? The answer is amines. In this lesson, we will learn about the chemical structure of amines and how they react.
10. What is Cyanide? - Definition, Formula & Effects
Cyanide is a poison which has been used since the ancient Egyptians, but how does it work? To help us answer this question, we will learn about cyanide's chemical structure, where it's found, and how it interacts with key biological molecules in the human body.
11. Diazonium Salts: Preparation & Chemical Reactions
In this lesson, we will turn our attention to the synthesis and subsequent reactions of what are called diazonium salts--an important intermediate and building block in the field of organic chemistry.
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Other chapters within the National Eligibility Test (AIPMT): Study Guide course
- Types of Scientific Measurement
- Working with Vectors
- Kinematics Overview
- Laws of Motion Overview
- Understanding Work, Energy and Power
- Systems of Particles and Rigid Body Dynamics
- Orbital Mechanics
- Properties of Bulk Matter
- Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory
- Oscillations & Waves
- Introduction to Electrostatics
- Physics of Electrical Circuits
- Electronic Components
- Magnetic Fields & Forces Overview
- Electromagnetic Induction & Alternating Currents
- Electromagnetic Waves
- Optics & Light
- Atoms, Isotopes & Radiation
- Foundations of Chemistry & Organic Chemistry
- Atomic Structure & Properties of Elements
- Molecular Structure & Chemical Bonds
- Properties of Gases and Liquids
- Thermodynamics Overview
- Equilibrium & Reactions
- Properties of Alkali & Alkaline Earth Metals
- Properties of p-Block Elements
- Hydrogen & Hydrocarbons
- Pollution & Environmental Hazards
- Solids & Solutions
- Electrochemistry, Surface Chemistry & Chemical Kinetics
- Properties of Periodic Table Groups
- Biomolecules & Polymers
- Chemicals in Everyday Life
- Diversity & Classifications in Biology
- Biology of the Cell
- Basic Plant Physiology
- Basic Human Physiology
- Functions & Processes in Reproduction
- Genetics & Evolution
- Human Welfare & Diseases
- Applications of Biotechnology
- National Eligibility Test (AIPMT) Flashcards