About This Chapter
Concepts of Organic Chemistry - Chapter Summary
From amino acids to the Wolff-Kishner reduction, this chapter focuses on key aspects of organic chemistry. Brief but informative lessons cover formulas, properties, structures and definitions relating to organic molecules, alkanes, alpha carbons, amino acids, polymers and more. You'll also review various organic chemistry reactions and see how to make specific calculations using organic chemistry rules and formulas. After you complete this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe structures and properties of amino acids, alkanes, polymers and ketones
- Provide details about methyl groups and carboxylic acid
- Use calculations related to the Le Bel-van't Hoff rule
- Differentiate between thermosoftening and thermosetting
- Explain how nitrous acid reacts with aliphatic amines
- List components of the Wolff-Kishner reduction
- Understand the structure and uses of phenol
- Detail information about the Etard reaction
These short video and text lessons typically take about 10 minutes or less to review. You can print the video transcripts and text lessons to create handy offline study materials. Access the lessons 24/7 from any computer or mobile device, and take the self-assessment quizzes to measure your knowledge of each topic as you progress through the chapter.
1. Introduction to Organic Molecules I: Functional Groups
If you've ever wondered what gives vinegar that sour flavor, you may not realize that you have contemplated functional groups. View this lesson for an introduction to organic chemistry, functional groups and how they are part of your daily life.
2. What Are Amino Acids? - Definition & Structure
Your body cannot function without proteins, and in order to build all these important proteins, your body needs amino acids. In this lesson, learn what amino acids are and what they look like. Then test your new knowledge with a short quiz.
3. Methyl Group: Structure & Formula
Although small in size, methyl groups can be found in many organic compound structures. In this lesson, learn about the methyl group in chemistry, including its unique structure and formula.
4. Carboxylic Acid: Structural Formula, Properties & Uses
We may not know it, but we encounter compounds called carboxylic acids regularly. These substances are in our kitchens and medicine cabinets and are used in various industrial applications. In this lesson, we will learn all about carboxylic acids.
5. What Are Polymers? - Properties, Applications & Examples
Polymers are huge molecules that are encountered in nature as well as in our modern technology. This lesson introduces students to polymers, their properties, and some of the many ways polymers are found in the modern world.
6. Polymers, Thermosoftening & Thermosetting
In this lesson, we will learn about the difference between thermosoftening and thermosetting polymers. We will also explore one kind of thermosoftening polymer, polyethylene.
7. Nitrous Acid & Aliphatic Amines: Reactions & Physical Characteristics
The goal of this lesson will be to learn about how aliphatic amines react with nitrous acid. Our primary points of discussion will include the reactions that the amines undergo and the physical characteristics that follow.
8. Organic Molecules: Alkanes, Alkenes, Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Isomers
Learn more about carbon and hydrogen and see how these atoms come together to form distinct molecules. Also, study the difference between saturated and unsaturated molecules.
9. Alkanes: Definition, Properties, Formula & Examples
Alkanes are chemical compounds that play a very important role in our lives. Plastic products, gasoline, natural gas - alkanes are necessary for us to have these. In this lesson, we will learn all about alkanes.
10. Wolff-Kishner Reduction: Mechanism, Components & Process
The lesson discusses the Wolff-Kishner reduction process, which is basically a reduction process that converts a carbonyl functional group to a saturated hydrocarbon. It also talks about the mechanism of the reduction process, including two modifications.
11. Alpha Carbon: Acidity & Reactions
In this lesson we will learn about the alpha carbon. We will learn what the alpha carbon is and what makes it more acidic than other carbons, and we will see some reactions in which the alpha carbon participates.
12. What is Phenol? - Structure & Uses
A type of carbolic acid and aromatic compound, phenol is found in numerous household products, like aspirin and detergent. Use this lesson to gain insight about phenol, understand its structure, and explore its uses.
13. What is Ketone? - Definition, Structure, Formation & Formula
This lesson will introduce you to the functional group ketone, explaining its structure and use in the environment, how it is synthesized and the molecular formula.
14. Etard Reaction: Uses, Components & Application
In this lesson, our focus is going to be on a specific organic reaction known as the Etard reaction. Points of discussion will include the chemical components involved in the reaction, its uses, and its application.
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