About This Chapter
Concepts & Tools in Geography - Chapter Summary
In these lessons, our instructors review approaches in geography, including area, spatial and geographic systems analysis, as well as geography tools such as maps and GPS. Another lesson looks at interpreting several types of maps.
You'll also have the opportunity in this chapter to brush up on your knowledge of scale, place and space, learn about types of regions and explore how the environment has been impacted by human presence. By the end of this chapter, you should be prepared to:
- Describe contemporary approaches in geography
- Explore geographic similarities
- Explain how to use maps, GPS and GIS
- Define and describe the characteristics of human and cultural geography
- Give an overview of formal, functional and vernacular regions
- List some ways humans have impacted the environment
- Read topographic and geologic maps
You can study these brief lessons as your schedule allows, on a computer or mobile device. The quizzes that accompany them help you assess your knowledge, and video tags let you quickly find spots you need to re-watch.
1. Contemporary Approaches in Geography: Area, Spatial, Locational & Geographic Systems Analysis
If geographers study people and places, exactly how do they look at the information they find? In this lesson, we'll examine contemporary approaches to studying geography, including spatial, area, locational, and systems analysis.
2. Geographical Similarities: Scale, Space & Place
You've probably heard, and even used, the words 'space' and 'place.' But do you know what they mean in the field of cultural geography? In this lesson, we'll look at how geographers define areas, including space, place, and scale.
3. Geography Tools: Maps, GPS & GIS
How can we study the earth and the features in it? Watch this lesson to find out more about common tools used in geography, including maps, global positioning systems, and geographic information systems, and their differences.
4. Human & Cultural Geography: Definition, Characteristics & Studies
Humans don't exist in a vacuum. We live with other humans, and we live in a specific environment. In this lesson, we'll examine human & cultural geography, including what it is, and what types of topics are studied in the field.
5. Types of Regions: Formal, Functional & Vernacular
There are many different ways to divide land up into regions. In this lesson, we'll look at the common types of regions in geography, including formal regions, functional regions, and vernacular regions.
6. Human Impacts on the Environment
The human population continues to grow, but the size of Earth and the resources available for our use are limited. Humans greatly impact the world around them, and our actions can and often do have dramatic and long-lasting consequences.
7. How to Read Topographic and Geologic Maps
This lesson explains the main features of topographic maps, including contour lines, index contours and contour intervals. It will also cover two rules that all contours follow and discuss geologic maps and the information they contain.
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