About This Chapter
Conclusion of the Civil War: 1865 - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
Four years of bloody conflict come to an end over the course of this chapter's video lessons. Follow along as our instructors outline the events leading up to the final defeat of Confederate forces and explore the effects of war on a country in utter turmoil. By the this chapter's end, you should be familiar with the following:
- Union strategies to take Richmond
- Terms of surrender for the Confederate army
- Circumstances surrounding Lincoln's assassination
|The Last 100 Days of the Civil War||Outlines the goals and actions of the Union generals as they closed in on Confederate forces in Richmond. Details of General Lee's last stand are also discussed.|
|The Fall of Richmond: The Capitol of the Confederacy||Illustrates the series of events in which the Union finally forces the Southern army and government to abandon Richmond, the capital of the Confederacy.|
|General Robert E. Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse||Describes the failed attempts by Confederate leadership to keep up the fight as well as the terms and conditions of surrender.|
|The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln||Explores the failed plots and motivation behind the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.|
|The End of the Civil War||Relates the final defeat and surrender of all remaining Confederate forces and the capture of President Jefferson Davis.|
|The Costs of the Civil War||Depicts the human, economic and cultural costs of the American Civil War.|
1. The Last 100 Days of the Civil War: Goals & Actions
As the new year of 1865 dawned, the North and South had been at war for nearly four years, but the last days of the Civil War were fast approaching. In this lesson, we will explore some of the events of those last days.
2. The Fall of Richmond: The Capital of the Confederacy
In this lesson, we will examine the fall of Richmond in early April of 1865. We will learn why Richmond was a key city for both the Union and the Confederacy, and we will explore the details of its evacuation and occupation.
3. General Robert E. Lee's Surrender at Appomattox Courthouse: Terms & Conditions
In this lesson, we will explore the events leading up to Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House on April 9th, 1865.
4. Primary Source: Articles of Agreement Relating to the Surrender of the Army of Northern Virginia
The Civil War came to a close when Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Ulysses S. Grant on April 9th, 1865. They signed the treaty of surrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia.
5. The Assassination of President Abraham Lincoln: Facts, Failed Plots & Motivation
This lesson will explore the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln. We will discuss the plots against Lincoln's life, the motivation of his assassin, and the murderous attack on April 14, 1865, that deprived a man of his life and a country of its president.
6. The End of the Civil War: Summary & Timeline
Contrary to popular belief, the Civil War did not end when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered at Appomattox Court House. It actually continued for over two months. In this lesson, we will examine the final days of the Civil War.
7. The Costs of the Civil War: Human, Economic & Cultural
This lesson will explore the costs of the Civil War. We will examine the economic costs of the four-year conflict; its cultural costs, especially in the South; and its human costs, particularly casualties and veterans' post-war experiences.
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Other chapters within the History 106: The Civil War and Reconstruction course