About This Chapter
Conducting Earth Science Experiments - Chapter Summary
This chapter has been designed to help you remember the most important details about conducting Earth science experiments. Each lesson addresses a different aspect of this topic, from an overview of data collection tools all the way to understanding some of the necessary components for scientific testing. Upon completing the chapter, you should be ready to:
- Explain which tools work best for data collection and scientific tests
- Offer examples of how scientists use technology and computers
- Read scientific charts and graphs
- Define elevation, longitude, and latitude
- Understand how scientific research uses geospatial technologies and maps
- Determine the purpose of repeated trials
- Show the steps for comprehending and reading geologic maps
- Establish the definition of the manipulated variable
If you need help with this topic to better understand your homework assignments or to do well on exams, we recommend that you challenge yourself by taking our lesson quizzes. These quizzes give you the opportunity to assess your knowledge and skills. You can access them directly from the quiz tab available with every lesson, and they can be taken online or printed as a worksheet. These quizzes can test your knowledge in different areas, such as your familiarity with vocab words, definitions, real-world applications, or image recognition. In addition, these quizzes can help you practice answering some of the same types of questions that you might find on major exams.
1. Using Appropriate Tools for Scientific Tests & Data Collection
A properly run experiment depends on using the right tools, both for data collection and analysis. In the end, it will save you time, money and frustration to spend some time planning out which tools are most appropriate for your work.
2. How Scientists Use Computers & Technology
Whether you realize it or not, science and technology are very closely related. In this lesson, we will look at this close relationship and learn how scientists use computers and technology to help us learn about the universe.
3. How to Read Scientific Graphs & Charts
How do scientists summarize their findings with visual aids? In this lesson, explore the different types of tables, charts and graphs that scientists use. Learn to read these effectively as a preview to your science studies.
4. Geographic Coordinates: Latitude, Longitude & Elevation
This lesson will seek to explain the geographic coordinate system. In doing so, it will explain latitude and longitude. It will also highlight the equator, the prime meridian, and the concept of elevation.
5. Maps, Models & Geospatial Technologies in Scientific Research
Learn about how geospatial technologies are used in scientific research to figure out how phenomena vary across space. We will look at maps, models, and other geospatial technologies.
6. Understanding & Interpreting a Geologic Map
Geologic maps are neat because they show us the location of features found underneath Earth's surface. But just like any other map, they have their own set of symbols and codes that we need to understand in order to properly interpret them.
7. Repeated Trials: Definition & Purpose
Repeated trials make the data you collect in experiments more reliable. Learn what repeated trials are, and find out how to record, organize, and analyze them.
8. Manipulated Variable: Definition & Example
In this lesson, you will discover more about how scientists design experiments. You will also learn the definition of the manipulated variable and see examples that show why it is an important part of scientific testing.
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Other chapters within the Virginia SOL - Earth Science: Test Prep & Practice course
- Measurements in Earth Science
- Scientific Reasoning & Logic
- Characteristics of Earth & the Solar System
- Space Exploration
- Earth's Natural Resources
- Intro to Rocks, Minerals & Soil
- Basics of Plate Tectonics
- Earth's Freshwater Resources
- Fossils & Geologic Time
- Ocean & Coastal Processes
- Evolution of the Atmosphere
- Climate, Weather & Energy Transferring
- Origin & Evolution of the Universe
- Virginia SOL - Earth Science Flashcards