About This Chapter
Conflict in the Middle East and the War on Terror (1980-present) - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The Middle East has long been a region subject to conflict. This chapter will teach you about the factors that have contributed to this conflict from 1980 to the present. You'll learn about religious and political factors and look at events leading up to modern wars in the region. By the end of this chapter, you should be able to:
- Describe the goals and tactics of Islamic extremists
- Explain the events that led to the Iran-Iraq War
- Describe the role religion plays in Middle Eastern conflicts
- Explain the events that led to the Gulf War
- Explain the events that led to the Iraq War
|Modern Islamic Extremism||Describe how Islamic Terrorism emerged and explain its goals and tactics|
|The Iran-Iraq War: Causes & Timeline||Examine the causes and effects of the Iran-Iraq War|
|The Role of Religion in Modern Middle East Conflicts||Describe the role of religion and secularism in Middle Eastern conflicts|
|Causes, Events & Political Figures of the Gulf War||Explain the causes of the Gulf War|
|September 11th & the War on Terror||Describe the effects of the War on Terror|
|The War in Afghanistan: Causes, Timeline & Controversy||Explain the causes and effects of the War in Afghanistan|
|Understanding the Iraq War||Explain the causes and effects of the Iraq War|
1. The Iran-Iraq War: Causes & Timeline
The Iran-Iraq War lasted from 1980 to 1988 and cost hundreds of thousands of lives. The conflict ended in a stalemate between the two nations, but highlighted the volatile nature of politics in the Middle East in the late 20th century.
2. The Role of Religion in Modern Middle East Conflicts
This lesson will explore the religious conflicts of the Middle East. It will specifically describe the conflicts between Sunni and Shiite Muslims, Jews and Muslim Arabs, and fundamentalist Muslims and the Western world.
3. Causes, Events & Political Figures of the Gulf War
The Gulf War occurred in 1990 and 1991 when Iraq invaded Kuwait. UN, NATO, and United States forces responded by attacking and pushing Iraqi troops out of Kuwait. The war was a decisive victory for American and coalition forces.
4. September 11th & the War on Terror
September 11, 2001 was a day of terrorist attacks by radical Islamists against the United States. In New York, Virginia, and Pennsylvania, nearly 3,000 people were killed. As a result, the United States launched a War on Terror that has lasted over a decade since.
5. The War in Afghanistan: Causes, Timeline & Controversy
The War in Afghanistan began in 2001 after the September 11 attacks. United States and NATO coalition forces attacked Taliban and Al Qaeda forces. As of 2014, United States personnel are withdrawing from the country, ending over a decade of fighting.
6. Understanding the Iraq War
The Iraq War lasted from 2003-2011. Thousands of American and Coalition forces died during the conflict, as well as many thousands of Iraqis. The American decision to go to war in Iraq remains controversial today.
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