About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Congenital Cardiovascular Defects chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||How the heart works||Four chambers, atria, ventricles, atrioventricular (AV) valve, blood flow, heartbeat, tricuspid valve, pulmonary semilunar valve, bicuspid valve, aortic semilunar valve, cardiac cycle, diastole, end-diastolic volume, systole, and end-systolic volume|
|Tuesday||Sounds of the heart||Intrinsic conduction system, sinoatrial (SA) node, atrioventricular (AV) node, Purkinje fibers, bundle branches, bundle of His, electrocardiogram (ECG), P wave, QRS wave, T wave, arrhythmias, heart block, bradycardia, tachycardia, and fibrillation|
|Wednesday||Heart diseases and conditions||Coronary arteries, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, and heart attack|
|Thursday||Septal Defects: Part I||Arterial septal defect (ASD), interarterial septum, ventricle septal defect (VSD), and atrioventricular septal defect|
|Friday||Septal Defects: Part II||Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA), Tetralogy of Fallot, overriding aorta, infundibular stenosis, right ventricular hypertrophy, cyanosis, ligamentum arteriosum, ductus arteriosus, and diGeorge Syndrome|
1. Anatomy of the Heart: Blood Flow and Parts
In this lesson, you will take a look inside the heart and identify the chambers and one-way valves that make up this vital organ. You will also follow along as we trace the flow of blood through the heart chambers.
2. The Cardiac Cycle: Phases, Explanation & Terms
In this lesson, you will learn what happens during each heartbeat, or cardiac cycle. You will also learn that the heartbeat involves periods of relaxation and contraction, known as diastole and systole, respectively.
3. Heartbeat and Heart Contraction Coordination
In this lesson you will learn about your heart's very own regulatory system, the intrinsic conduction system, and how it sets the pace for a normal, healthy heartbeat. You will discover that your heart moves to its own beat thanks to the natural pacemaker of the heart called the SA node.
4. Electrocardiogram (ECG): Definition & Wave Types
Do you know how problems in the heart are detected? In this lesson, you will learn how to read an electrocardiogram (ECG) and discover what is happening in the heart during the P, QRS, and T waves.
5. Arrhythmia of the Heart: Terms, Definition & ECG Detection
An electrocardiogram, or ECG, can be used to detect irregular heartbeats or arrhythmias. In this lesson, you will learn about arrhythmias detected by ECG, including bradycardia, tachycardia, fibrillation, and heart block.
6. Types of Heart Conditions and Diseases
Your heart muscle receives a rich blood supply from the coronary arteries. If the coronary arteries become blocked, it can result in coronary heart disease, angina, heart attack or congestive heart failure. Learn how these conditions get started.
7. Septal Defects of the Heart: Definition, Conditions, and Symptoms
We will mainly take a look at something known as an atrial septal defect and a ventricular septal defect, why they may occur, where they occur, and what they result in, in terms of cardiopulmonary physiology.
8. Tetralogy of Fallot: Definition, Causes and Treatment
This lesson will go over a congenital problem known as Tetralogy of Fallot, the four major components that are involved, and how they act together to cause quite a few problems.
9. Patent Ductus Arteriosus: Causes, Signs, and Treatment
A patent ductus arteriosus can be a life-threatening problem that occurs as a result of a failure of closure of an important fetal structure. We'll talk about what fails to close and how it affect the newborn.
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