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Ch 11: Conjugating Verbs in Spanish

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Get in more practice with conjugating verbs in Spanish by opening up this chapter. Our convenient study tools can be accessed around the clock to accommodate any study schedule, and with all of our tools available online, you can use almost any device to study on the go or at home.

Conjugating Verbs in Spanish - Chapter Summary

You may know that verbs are action words, but remembering the rules of conjugation, especially in a foreign language, may prove difficult. In this chapter, learn or re-learn the rules for conjugating verbs in Spanish. Follow along as instructors show you some of the most common verbs used in conversational Spanish, and watch how these verbs change based on the verb tenses used. Remember that if any of these lessons don't make sense, you can always submit your questions directly to our instructors. By the time you've made your way through the entire chapter, you should be prepared to:

  • Describe the past participle and present progressive form of abrir
  • Identify almorzar in the preterite and command tenses
  • Analyze the future and preterite tenses of andar
  • Check out how to conjugate aprender, aprobar, and ayudar in various tenses
  • Define the subjunctive and command forms of buscar, comenzar, and conducir
  • Compare the tense conjugation rules for caer, cerrar, and comer
  • Examine conocer in present progressive, command, past participle, and imperfect
  • Explain the command and present tense forms of consequir
  • Point out the conjugation rules for both correr and creer

70 Lessons in Chapter 11: Conjugating Verbs in Spanish
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
Abrir: Past Participle & Present Progressive

1. Abrir: Past Participle & Present Progressive

In this lesson, we will talk about the verb ''abrir'' ('to open'), focusing on its past participle as well as its present progressive. This will help you understand signs, talk about past actions, or describe what you are doing at the moment.

Almorzar Conjugation: Command & Preterite

2. Almorzar Conjugation: Command & Preterite

In this lesson learn about the Spanish verb ''almorzar'' ('to have lunch') and its usage in the past tense, specifically the preterite. Also, we'll look at the imperative to learn how to give commands or make suggestions when using this verb.

Andar Conjugation: Preterite & Future Tense

3. Andar Conjugation: Preterite & Future Tense

The verb 'andar' means 'to walk' and we often need to use it in the preterite to say that we 'walked'. Also, we often need it in the future to tell that we 'will walk'. This lesson covers both tenses for this verb along with examples.

Aprender Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

4. Aprender Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

In this lesson we will study the Spanish verb ''aprender'' ('to learn'). We will see how to express wishes or give orders with it, i.e. in the subjunctive. We will also study its usage in the past tense, specifically in the preterite.

Aprobar: Subjunctive & Past Participle

5. Aprobar: Subjunctive & Past Participle

This lesson covers the Spanish verb ''aprobar'' ('to pass'). You will learn how to express doubts or wishes with this verb, i.e. in the subjunctive. Also, you will see how to talk about past events by using its past participle.

Ayudar Conjugation: Present, Preterite & Subjunctive

6. Ayudar Conjugation: Present, Preterite & Subjunctive

We all need help sometimes. In this lesson you will learn how to conjugate the verb ''ayudar'' in the present, preterite, and subjunctive tenses. You will also learn a little about the personal ''a'' and object pronouns.

Buscar Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

7. Buscar Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

In this lesson we will talk about the Spanish verb ''buscar'', which means 'to look for/search'. We will learn how to use it context, giving orders or making suggestions, i.e. in the imperative, or expressing wishes in the subjunctive.

Caer Future Tense Conjugation

8. Caer Future Tense Conjugation

This lesson is all about the verb ''caer'' (to fall) and its future tense conjugations. We will learn how to express future possibilities for each pronoun while expanding our vocabulary and making an unexpected discovery about this verb's meaning.

Cerrar Conjugation: Preterite & Past Participle

9. Cerrar Conjugation: Preterite & Past Participle

How do you talk about timetables and actions or understand signs and messages in Spanish? We will analyze the verb ''cerrar'' in the past tense, considering its preterite and past participle.

Comenzar Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

10. Comenzar Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

This lesson covers the Spanish verb ''comenzar'', which means 'to start' or 'to begin'. We will learn how to use it context, giving orders or making suggestions, i.e. in the imperative, or expressing wishes in the subjunctive.

Comenzar Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

11. Comenzar Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

Without the verb ''comenzar'' (to start, begin), there would be no beginnings in Spanish! Let's learn how to build the present tense as well as the preterite, a specific past tense, of ''comenzar''.

Comer Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

12. Comer Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

''Comer'' means 'to eat' and since eating is a vital everyday need, it is no surprise how much we use this verb. This lesson gives you the present tense and command conjugation.

Conducir Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

13. Conducir Conjugation: Command & Subjunctive

In this lesson we will learn about the verb ''conducir'' ('to drive'). We will see how to use it in context, giving orders or making suggestions with the imperative, and expressing wishes or doubts with the subjunctive.

Conocer Conjugation: Command & Present Progressive

14. Conocer Conjugation: Command & Present Progressive

Are you ready to learn something new? The Spanish verb 'conocer' means 'to know' or 'to get to know something, a person, or a place.' In this lesson we'll examine its conjugation in the imperative and the present progressive through contextual examples.

Conocer Conjugation: Imperfect & Past Participle

15. Conocer Conjugation: Imperfect & Past Participle

In this lesson, we will get to know more about the verb ''conocer'' ( (get to) know, meet, learn, recognize) by learning all about its imperfect conjugations as well as its past participle, as well as reviewing their meanings.

Conseguir Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

16. Conseguir Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

Ever wonder where you can get a battery for your watch? Or maybe where you can get great decorations for a party? The verb ''conseguir'' means 'to get'. Learn how to conjugate this verb in present tense and the command form.

Correr Conjugation: Command & Future Tense

17. Correr Conjugation: Command & Future Tense

In this lesson, we will learn how to use the verb 'correr', which means 'to run'. We will learn to conjugate the verb in the command form and the future tense so you can talk about running later or tell someone else to!

Creer in Spanish: Past Participle & Subjunctive

18. Creer in Spanish: Past Participle & Subjunctive

In this lesson, we will focus on the important Spanish verb ''creer'' (to believe, think, trust) and how to build its past participle. We will also learn how to form the subjunctive mood of ''creer''.

Caber Conjugation in Present & Future Tenses

19. Caber Conjugation in Present & Future Tenses

Will it fit? The verb ''caber'' means 'to fit'. In this Spanish lesson, you will learn how to conjugate the word in the present and future tense. You will also see examples of how to use this verb in those tenses.

Caber Conjugation: Imperative & Conditional Moods

20. Caber Conjugation: Imperative & Conditional Moods

The Spanish verb ''caber'' means 'to fit', but it is also used with other meanings in some interesting expressions. In this lesson, we will closely look at its conjugation in the conditional and the imperative, as well as its uses and meanings.

Haber Conjugation: Past Imperfect & Preterite Tenses

21. Haber Conjugation: Past Imperfect & Preterite Tenses

In this lesson, you will learn how to use the verb ''haber'' in the preterite and imperfect past tenses. ''Haber'' is usually translated into English as 'to have' or 'to be.'

Haber Conjugation: Imperative, Conditional & Subjunctive Moods

22. Haber Conjugation: Imperative, Conditional & Subjunctive Moods

In this Spanish lesson, you will learn how to use the verb ''haber'', which means 'to be' or 'to have', depending on the context. We will analyze its conjugation in the imperative, the conditional and the subjunctive.

Poder Conjugation: Future & Present Tenses

23. Poder Conjugation: Future & Present Tenses

The Spanish word 'poder' means 'to be able to'. In this lesson, we will look at the conjugations of 'poder' in both the present tense and the future tense.

Poder Conjugation: Imperative, Subjunctive & Conditional Moods

24. Poder Conjugation: Imperative, Subjunctive & Conditional Moods

The Spanish verb ''poder'' means 'can' or 'to be able to'. In this lesson, you will learn its conjugation in the imperative, the present subjunctive and the conditional, as well as some useful expressions to talk about wishes and possibilities.

Destruir Conjugation: Preterite & Present Tenses

25. Destruir Conjugation: Preterite & Present Tenses

The verb 'destruir' means 'to destroy.' In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate ''destruir'' in the preterite and present tenses. You will also see examples of how to use the verb, including a glimpse at a day with a demolition crew.

Producir Conjugation: Preterite, Imperfect, & Present Tenses

26. Producir Conjugation: Preterite, Imperfect, & Present Tenses

Tina is learning all about what is produced on Farmer Raul's farm. Follow along with her in this lesson as you learn all about the verb producir, which means 'to produce'. You will learn how to conjugate this verb in the preterite, imperfect, and present tenses.

Traducir Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

27. Traducir Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

''Traducir'' means to translate. In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate ''traducir'' in the present and preterite tenses. You will also see several examples of how to use the verb.

Poner Command Conjugation: Tu & Formal

28. Poner Command Conjugation: Tu & Formal

You want to ask or to tell someone to put something in a given place, set the table, etc. You need to use the imperative or command form of the verb ''poner'' (to put, to set). Let's see how you can do this without sounding bossy.

Poner Conjugation: Present Tense, Future & Past Participle

29. Poner Conjugation: Present Tense, Future & Past Participle

Where do you put this? Where will you put that? The verb 'to put' in Spanish is ''poner''. In this lesson you will learn how to conjugate the verb ''poner'' in the present and future tense. You will also learn how to create the past participle.

Salir Spanish Verb Conjugation: Present, Future & Command Tense

30. Salir Spanish Verb Conjugation: Present, Future & Command Tense

When do you leave? When does she leave? When do they leave? The verb for 'to leave' in Spanish is ''salir''. In this lesson, you will learn its conjugation with examples in the present, future, and command form.

Pensar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

31. Pensar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

The verb 'pensar' means 'to think' in Spanish. In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate 'pensar' in the preterite and the subjunctive tenses. You will also see examples of how to use the verb.

Empezar Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

32. Empezar Conjugation: Present Tense & Command

The Spanish verb 'empezar' means 'to start.' Learn how to talk about your routines or the activities you want to start with its present tense, and how to give commands with its imperative.

Saber Conjugation: Imperfect, Future & Past Participle

33. Saber Conjugation: Imperfect, Future & Past Participle

In this lesson we will learn how to use the verb ''saber'' (to know) in the imperfect past tense and future tense. You will also learn how to form its past participle.

Querer Conjugation: Present & Future Tense

34. Querer Conjugation: Present & Future Tense

What do you want to do this weekend? Where do you want to go next? This lesson covers the Spanish verb ''querer'', which means 'to want' or 'to love'. Learn how to express your wishes, make requests, or talk about feelings in the present and future tenses.

Oir Conjugation: Present Tense & Subjunctive

35. Oir Conjugation: Present Tense & Subjunctive

Talk about your favorite (and least favorite) sounds with the Spanish verb 'oír.' In this lesson, you'll learn its conjugation in the present tense and the present subjunctive through plenty of real life examples.

Ahorrar: Translation, Conjugation & Past Participle

36. Ahorrar: Translation, Conjugation & Past Participle

This lesson covers the Spanish verb 'ahorrar,' which means 'to save (up).' Learn how to use it properly in context in both the present and present perfect tenses through loads of examples from daily life situations.

Escribir Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

37. Escribir Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

In this lesson, we study the Spanish verb escribir ('to write'). Learn how to express wishes and talk about possibilities with the subjunctive or give a command with the imperative.

Jugar Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

38. Jugar Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

Who doesn't like a fun evening of games with friends? In this lesson we'll study the Spanish verb ''jugar,'' which means 'to play.' You'll learn how to express wishes with the subjunctive and how to give commands with the imperative.

Sentir Spanish Conjugation: Preterite & Imperfect

39. Sentir Spanish Conjugation: Preterite & Imperfect

The Spanish verb ''sentir'' means 'to feel'. In this lesson you will learn how to use it in two different past tenses - the preterite and the imperfect - through relevant situations and examples.

Sentir Spanish Conjugation: Present Tense & Subjunctive

40. Sentir Spanish Conjugation: Present Tense & Subjunctive

The Spanish verb ''sentir'' is used in a variety of contexts. It can mean 'to feel', 'to sense' or 'to think'. Learn its irregular conjugation and how to use it in different situations with this lesson.

Pagar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

41. Pagar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

Most of our daily activities involve money and payments. In this lesson, you will learn how to use the Spanish verb ''pagar'' (to pay) to talk about past actions with the preterite, and express wishes or possibilities with the subjunctive.

Reir Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

42. Reir Conjugation: Present Tense & Preterite

There is no doubt that laughter is the best medicine, so ''reír'' (to laugh) should be an important verb in our daily life. In this lesson, you will learn how to conjugate it in the present and the preterite tenses, by using it in context.

Vender Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

43. Vender Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

In this lesson we explain how to use the verb ''vender'' ('to sell') in the preterite and the subjunctive. Learn how to talk about things you or someone else sold or how to express wishes and possibilities.

Divertirse Conjugation: Present Progressive, Subjunctive & Command

44. Divertirse Conjugation: Present Progressive, Subjunctive & Command

Talk about your great times and wish others good fun with the verb ''divertirse'' (to have fun). In this lesson, learn how to conjugate it in the present progressive and how to express wishes with the subjunctive and imperative.

Llegar Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

45. Llegar Conjugation: Subjunctive & Command

Do you normally arrive on time? In this Spanish lesson we study the verb ''llegar'', which means 'to arrive'. Learn both the subjunctive and the imperative and how to use them appropriately in context.

Llegar Conjugation: Future & Present Tense

46. Llegar Conjugation: Future & Present Tense

''Llegar'' means 'to arrive.' This lesson gives you the present and the future tenses of this verb. We learn both tenses through a fun story that illustrates when and how to use each tense.

Repetir Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

47. Repetir Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

In this lesson we study the Spanish verb ''repetir'', which means 'to repeat', 'to retake' or 'to have seconds'. Learn how to talk about past actions with the preterite and make requests or give negative orders with the subjunctive.

Mostrar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

48. Mostrar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

The Spanish verb 'mostrar' means 'to show.' Learn how to talk about past situations with its preterite, and express wishes or possibilities with its present subjunctive. We'll learn its conjugation through daily life situations and examples.

Probar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

49. Probar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

Learn how to talk about your experiences or what you'd like to try in Spanish with the verb 'probar' (to try/taste). This lesson gives you its conjugation in the preterite and the present subjunctive, and shows you some examples.

Quedar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

50. Quedar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

Did you meet with your friends last weekend? Use the verb 'quedar' (to plan to meet) to talk about this in Spanish. This lesson gives you its conjugation in the preterite and the present subjunctive, as well as providing other possible meanings of this verb.

Levantarse Conjugation in Present Tense

51. Levantarse Conjugation in Present Tense

The Spanish verb 'levantarse' is a reflexive verb meaning 'to get up' or 'to stand up.' In this lesson, we will look at the present tense conjugations of 'levantarse' including the appropriate use of the pronoun.

Trabajar Conjugation: Preterite, Subjunctive & Present Progressive

52. Trabajar Conjugation: Preterite, Subjunctive & Present Progressive

The Spanish verb 'trabajar' means 'to work.' In this lesson, we learn how to use it in the preterite, the subjunctive and the present progressive. You'll be able to talk about past actions, possibilities and requests, and say what you're working on now.

Necesitar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

53. Necesitar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

The Spanish verb 'necesitar' means 'to need.' In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about past actions with its preterite, and how to express doubt or talk about possibilities with its present subjunctive.

Subir Conjugation: Preterite & Imperfect

54. Subir Conjugation: Preterite & Imperfect

The Spanish verb 'subir' means 'to go up,' but it has many other meanings depending on the context. Check out this lesson to find out how to conjugate this verb in the preterite and the imperfect forms through plenty of familiar examples.

Cruzar Conjugations: Preterite & Command

55. Cruzar Conjugations: Preterite & Command

Anyone who has ever gone for a walk has had to cross a street or two. The verb 'to cross' in Spanish is ''cruzar.'' This lesson will show you how to conjugate ''cruzar'' in the preterite tense.

Mantener: Conjugation & Translation

56. Mantener: Conjugation & Translation

The Spanish verb ''mantener'' means both 'to keep' and 'to maintain'. Learn to use this verb in the present tense through some very practical examples you are likely to hear in daily life conversations.

Casarse Conjugation: Present Progressive & Preterite

57. Casarse Conjugation: Present Progressive & Preterite

The verb ''casarse'' is a reflexive verb meaning 'to marry' (someone). In this lesson, we will look at the present progressive form of ''casarse'' as well as the preterite form along with the appropriate usage of each.

Recoger Conjugation: Preterite, Subjunctive & Present Progressive

58. Recoger Conjugation: Preterite, Subjunctive & Present Progressive

The Spanish verb 'recoger' means 'to pick up/tidy up,' and we can use it in multiple contexts, such as picking someone up or collecting the mail. Learn its uses and conjugation in the preterite, the subjunctive and the present progressive.

Alcanzar: Conjugation & Translation

59. Alcanzar: Conjugation & Translation

The Spanish verb ''alcanzar'' ('to reach' and 'to catch up') is very common in daily conversation. This lesson covers its conjugation in the present tense so you can easily learn to use it when needed.

Divertir Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

60. Divertir Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

What entertains you? The verb ''divertir'' means 'to entertain' in Spanish. This lesson will explore how to conjugate ''divertir'' in the preterite tense and the subjunctive present tense. You will see several examples of how to use this verb.

Reconocer Conjugation in Subjunctive Form

61. Reconocer Conjugation in Subjunctive Form

The Spanish verb 'reconocer' means 'to recognize,' but it has other meanings depending on the context. In this lesson, we study its subjunctive forms through different contextual examples.

Explicar Conjugation: Preterite & Command

62. Explicar Conjugation: Preterite & Command

The Spanish verb 'explicar' means 'to explain'. Check out this lesson to learn how to talk about past situations and give commands with it. We'll explore the use of this verb with lots of familiar examples.

Nacer: Conjugation & Translation

63. Nacer: Conjugation & Translation

When was the last time that a new baby came into your family? The Spanish verb 'nacer' means 'to be born'. Let's learn its conjugation in the preterite tense, which is the most common use for this verb.

Ganar: Conjugation & Translation

64. Ganar: Conjugation & Translation

This lesson covers the meanings of the Spanish verb 'ganar,' which has three different equivalent verbs in English: gain, win, and earn. We'll also learn how to conjugate it in the present tense while talking to a very lucky person.

Gerund of Ir & Hacer

65. Gerund of Ir & Hacer

Where are you going? What are you doing? The word 'going' in Spanish is ''yendo'' and 'doing' is ''haciendo.'' ''Yendo'' and ''haciendo'' are the gerund forms of ''ir'' and ''hacer.'' In this lesson, learn how to use the gerund of these verbs.

Graduarse Conjugation: Present, Subjunctive & Preterite

66. Graduarse Conjugation: Present, Subjunctive & Preterite

Graduation is an important event for many people. The verb ''graduarse'' means 'to graduate' in Spanish. This lesson will show you how to conjugate ''graduarse'' in the indicative present and preterite tenses. It will also show you how to conjugate ''graduarse'' in the present subjunctive tense.

Dirigir: Conjugation & Translation

67. Dirigir: Conjugation & Translation

The English verbs 'to lead,' 'to manage,' and 'to guide' have their Spanish equivalent in the verb 'dirigir.' This lesson covers its conjugation in the present tense along with some great examples to illustrate the practical use of this verb.

Ofrecer Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

68. Ofrecer Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

The Spanish verb 'ofrecer' means 'to offer.' Learn how to use this verb in context and tell stories in the past with its preterite, or express wishes and possibilities with its present subjunctive.

Cumplir: Conjugation & Translation

69. Cumplir: Conjugation & Translation

The verb 'cumplir' has several meanings this lesson discusses along with the conjugation in the present tense. So that this verb sticks, we learn through practical examples as we get to know an interesting Spanish-speaking family.

Levantar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

70. Levantar Conjugation: Preterite & Subjunctive

The verb ''levantar'' means 'to lift' or 'to raise'. If you have ever raised your hand or lifted a box, you have had reason to use the verb ''levantar''. This lesson will show you how to conjugate ''levantar'' in the preterite and the present tense subjunctive.

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