About This Chapter
Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Philosophies- Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
The morality of an action has always been a question to be examined by philosophy. Consequentialism, and its inverse non-consequentialism, deal with the morality of human action and the consequences that it produces. This chapter will examine various philosophers while exploring these moralistic philosophies. Take a short post-lesson exam to measure how well you have retained the information and feel free to contact a knowledgeable instructor with any questions you might have. These lessons will cover such topics and questions as:
- What is Care Theory?
- Consequentialism & morality
- Who was Adam Smith?
- Comparisons between ethical & psychological egoism
- What are utilitarian ethics?
- Immanuel Kant & ethics
|Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Views of Morality||Get an introduction on these opposing philosophical views.|
|Comparing Psychological & Ethical Egoism||Examine these two types of egoism.|
|Consequentialist Theories: Ethical Egoism & Utilitarianism||Study the specific philosophical theories of consequentialism.|
|Utilitarian Ethics: Epicurus, Bentham & Mill||Take a look at utilitarian ethics.|
|Egoism, Ayn Rand & James Rachels||Learn more about egoism and related philosophers.|
|Ethics of Care Theory: Carol Gilligan & Nel Noddings||Discover Care Theory and ethics.|
|Human Morality & Ethics According to Adam Smith||Get to know Adam Smith and his perception on morality and ethics.|
|Comparing Virtue Ethics vs. Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Ethics||Examine the similarities and differences between these types of ethics.|
|Immanuel Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals||Learn about Kant and his work on ethical thought.|
1. Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Views of Morality
We all want to do the right thing, but how do we know if our actions are moral? Explore the competing theories of consequentialism and non-consequentialism, and then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Comparing Psychological & Ethical Egoism
In this lesson, you will explore two ways of explaining the motivations for your actions. Discover what they have in common and how they are different, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. Consequentialist Theories: Ethical Egoism & Utilitarianism
Actions have consequences. We all know this, but did you know that there is an entire branch of philosophy devoted to this idea? Explore the consequentialist theories of ethical egoism and utilitarianism and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Utilitarian Ethics: Epicurus, Bentham & Mill
In this lesson, learn the key ideas of utilitarianism. We'll look at three thinkers who saw the benefits of pursuing pleasure while still considering the needs and rights of others.
5. Egoism, Ayn Rand & James Rachels
In this lesson, we look at two opposing views of the topic of egoism, including one that has generated a great deal of controversy for advocating selfishness.
6. Ethics of Care Theory: Carol Gilligan & Nel Noddings
How has the lack of female voices in philosophy in the past affected our understanding of ethics? In this lesson, you'll consider the difference between the traditional ethics of justice and a feminist ethics of care.
7. Human Morality & Ethics According to Adam Smith
Adam Smith was an economist with some interesting ideas about morality and ethics. Explore his theories, and test your understanding about moral economic systems with a brief quiz.
8. Comparing Virtue Ethics vs. Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Ethics
Virtue ethics, consequential ethics, non-consequential ethics...what do these words even mean? Well, you're going to find out, and discover the similarities and differences between them before testing your knowledge with a brief quiz.
9. Immanuel Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
In this lesson, you'll think about the different reasons why you use the word 'should.' We'll look at how Immanuel Kant understood these imperatives and what he had to say about doing the right thing.
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- Introduction to Morality
- Moral Belief Systems
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics
- Theories of Natural & Moral Law
- Morality Within Western Religion
- Issues of Morality in Life & Death
- Moral Issues in Economic Equality & Poverty
- Philosophical Theory & the Justice System
- Moral Issues in Peacetime & War
- Human Rights Ethics
- Moral Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Biomedical Ethics
- Morality in Business
- Environmental Ethics