About This Chapter
Consequentialist vs. Non-Consequentialist Philosophies - Chapter Summary
Our expert instructors explain consequentialist and non-consequentialist philosophies in this collection of interesting video lessons. Here you'll review topics including utilitarian ethics, egoism and the ethics of care theory, among other related subjects. In generally less than ten minutes, you can watch an entire video lesson. Or use the video tabs feature to skip to a specific section if you'd prefer not to watch the whole thing. Self-assessment quizzes are included with each video to ensure you've understood what you've just learned. This chapter is designed to assist you in achieving the following goals:
- Differentiate between consequentialist and non-consequentialist views of morality
- Compare ethical and psychological egoism
- Detail the consequentialist theories of utilitarianism and ethical egoism
- Discuss utilitarian ethics, Epicurus, Bentham and Mill
- Explain egoism and the beliefs of James Rachels and Ayn Rand
- Define the ethics of care theory
- Outline human morality and ethics according to Adam Smith
- Contrast virtue ethics with consequentialist and non-consequentialist ethics
- Identify Immanuel Kant's fundamental principles of the metaphysics of morals
1. Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Views of Morality
We all want to do the right thing, but how do we know if our actions are moral? Explore the competing theories of consequentialism and non-consequentialism, and then test your understanding with a brief quiz.
2. Comparing Psychological & Ethical Egoism
In this lesson, you will explore two ways of explaining the motivations for your actions. Discover what they have in common and how they are different, and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
3. Consequentialist Theories: Ethical Egoism & Utilitarianism
Actions have consequences. We all know this, but did you know that there is an entire branch of philosophy devoted to this idea? Explore the consequentialist theories of ethical egoism and utilitarianism and test your understanding with a brief quiz.
4. Utilitarian Ethics: Epicurus, Bentham & Mill
In this lesson, learn the key ideas of utilitarianism. We'll look at three thinkers who saw the benefits of pursuing pleasure while still considering the needs and rights of others.
5. Egoism, Ayn Rand & James Rachels
In this lesson, we look at two opposing views of the topic of egoism, including one that has generated a great deal of controversy for advocating selfishness.
6. Ethics of Care Theory: Carol Gilligan & Nel Noddings
How has the lack of female voices in philosophy in the past affected our understanding of ethics? In this lesson, you'll consider the difference between the traditional ethics of justice and a feminist ethics of care.
7. Human Morality & Ethics According to Adam Smith
Adam Smith was an economist with some interesting ideas about morality and ethics. Explore his theories, and test your understanding about moral economic systems with a brief quiz.
8. Comparing Virtue Ethics vs. Consequentialist & Non-Consequentialist Ethics
Virtue ethics, consequential ethics, non-consequential ethics...what do these words even mean? Well, you're going to find out, and discover the similarities and differences between them before testing your knowledge with a brief quiz.
9. Immanuel Kant's Fundamental Principles of the Metaphysic of Morals
In this lesson, you'll think about the different reasons why you use the word 'should.' We'll look at how Immanuel Kant understood these imperatives and what he had to say about doing the right thing.
Earning College Credit
Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.
To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page
Transferring credit to the school of your choice
Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.
Other chapters within the Philosophy 102: Ethics in America course
- Introduction to the Study of Morality
- Moral Belief Systems Overview
- Ancient Greek Views on Ethics & Philosophy
- Morality in Western Religion
- Natural & Moral Law Theories
- Ethical Issues in Life & Death
- Economic Inequality & Morality
- Philosophical Theories Behind the Justice System
- Moral & Ethical Issues in Peacetime vs. War
- Human Rights Ethics & Morals
- Ethical Issues in Relationships & Sexuality
- Bioethics Impact on Medicine & Morality
- Ethics & Morality in Business
- The Environment & Ethics