About This Chapter
Constructing Meaning - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
If you have trouble understanding the meaning of a word or phrase, there are numerous methods for constructing the definition. Our experienced professionals present the material in an informal, yet easy to understand tone. You can even submit a question to the instructor. The lessons in this chapter explain topics like:
- Types of literary genres
- What the DRTA strategy is
- How text is understood through imagery
- Common strategies for reading comprehension
|Influences on Constructing Meaning||Understand terms such as cognition, social and culture experiences, stance influence, motivation and interest|
|Literary Genres: Definition, Types, Characteristics & Examples||Learn what literary genres are and what features they have|
|Utilizing Text to Construct Meaning||Study the relationship between text and imagery, vocabulary and dialect to understand the meaning|
|Using Context to Construct Meaning||Explore the ways students can construct meaning by the context of school, activity, home and community|
|Pre-Reading, Reading & Post-Reading Activities||Examine the types of reading activities|
|Reading Comprehension Strategies||Discover tactics for understanding reading, such as summarizing, reviewing, predicting, retelling, self-questioning and monitoring|
|Reading Comprehension Activities & Organization||Learn the meaning of Directed Reading Activity (DRA)/Directed Reading Thinking Activity (DRTA), the Know Want Learn (KWL) reading method, graphic organizers and shared book experience|
1. Influences on Constructing Meaning
Learning to read requires much more than phonemic awareness. Students must also be able to construct meaning. This lesson takes a look at this process by examining the influences of prior knowledge, sociocultural differences, and linguistic understanding.
2. Literary Genres: Definition, Types, Characteristics & Examples
In this lesson, you will learn what is meant by the term genre. In addition, the main types of literary genres will be described, with examples given for each.
3. Utilizing Text to Construct Meaning
Learning to construct meaning is an important part of the reading process. This lessons discusses how things like visualizing, paraphrasing, asking questions, and making connections can aid in the constructing meaning process.
4. Using Context to Construct Meaning
In order to understand what they are reading, students need to use the context in which the text exists. In this lesson, we'll look at how teachers can help students learn to use some context-specific strategies as they read.
5. Pre-Reading, Reading & Post-Reading Activities
For your students to get the most out of their work, you shouldn't just throw a book at them. Instead, carefully constructed pre-reading, reading, and post-reading activities allow you to check for understanding and help increase interest.
6. Reading Comprehension Strategies
Learning to hone the skills of reading comprehension can be difficult. To help in the process this lesson explores visualizing, making connections and inferences, determining importance, and synthesizing text.
7. Reading Comprehension Activities & Organization
Watch this video lesson to learn about various activities and tools you can use to help increase your students' reading comprehension. Also, learn about a formal assessment you can use to test a particular student's reading comprehension level.
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Other chapters within the Education 102: Literacy Instruction in the Elementary School course
- Learning Processes & Theories
- Instructional Approaches
- Language Acquisition in the Classroom
- Beyond Oral Language Acquisition
- How Language & Culture Interact in the Classroom
- Strategies for Teaching Reading
- Identifying & Understanding Words
- Vocabulary Development
- Writing Development
- Approaches to Literacy Instruction
- Classroom Management for Literacy Instruction
- Selecting Resources for Literacy Instruction
- Responding to Student Needs
- Collaborations Outside of School
- Evaluation & Assessments in Education