About This Chapter
Contemporary Developments in Psychology - Chapter Summary
Lessons in this chapter are designed to help you discover or improve your understanding of contemporary developments in psychology. Review them anytime to examine the humanistic approach in psychology, Piaget's theory of cognitive development, George Miller's theories on short-term memory and more. Any questions that arise during your review of the lessons can be submitted to our experts via the Dashboard. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be able to:
- Outline Abraham Maslow's contribution to psychology's humanist movement
- Analyze Carl Rogers' humanist theory and contributions to psychotherapy
- Evaluate Gordon Allport's personality theory
- Summarize the field of cognitive psychology
- Survey Jean Piaget's stages of cognitive development
- Dissect the theories of evolutionary psychology and sociobiology
1. Humanistic Approach in Psychology: Definition & History
Humanistic psychology views humans as holistic individuals capable of determining their own behaviors and goals. Read on to find out about the development of this perspective and about the work of key humanist psychologists.
2. Abraham Maslow's Contribution to the Humanistic Movement in Psychology
In the middle of the 20th century, Abraham Maslow changed psychology when he founded humanistic psychology. In this lesson, we'll look at his major contributions to psychology: his hierarchy of needs and his role in the humanistic movement.
3. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.
4. Gordon Allport's Personality Theory
Learn about Gordon Allport and his impact on psychology. Understand what traits and trait theory are. Explore different types of traits with some real life examples.
5. What is Cognitive Psychology? - Definition & Theories
Cognitive psychology focuses on the way people process information. In this lesson, you will gain an overview of the field of cognitive psychology and learn about prominent theories. You can test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
6. Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget's theory of cognitive development focuses on how learners interact with their environment to develop complex reasoning and knowledge. This lesson will focus on the six basic assumptions of that theory, including the key terms: assimilation, accommodation and equilibration.
7. Jean Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Jean Piaget developed a theory of cognitive development that described and explained the changes in logical thinking of children and adolescents. Within that theory, he identified four stages of cognitive development through which all learners must proceed. This lesson will introduce you to and differentiate between those stages.
8. George Miller, Psychologist: Theories on Short Term Memory, Overview
George Miller was a pioneer in the field of cognitive psychology. Learn more about George Miller, his theory on short-term memory and his definition of chunking in this lesson.
9. Evolutionary Psychology: Theory & Overview
Learn about the theory of evolutionary psychology and its roots in Darwin's studies of natural selection. See how evolutionary psychology affects your likes and dislikes and understand why it's the reason many people are afraid of spiders.
10. Sociobiology: Definition & Theory
In this lesson, you'll study sociobiology by examining different aspects of social behavior in humans that stem from both an evolutionary and ecological perspective. You'll gain a deep understanding of how genetics can play a role in shaping human behavior.
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Other chapters within the Psychology 312: History and Systems of Psychology course
- Studying the History of Psychology
- Philosophical Influences on Psychology
- Physiological Influences on Psychology
- Women & Minorities in Psychology
- The New Psychology
- Structuralism in Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Functionalism
- Development of Functionalism
- Applied Psychology
- Antecedent Influences on Behaviorism
- Development of Behaviorism
- Evolution of Behaviorism
- Gestalt Psychology
- Important Theories in Psychoanalysis
- Required Assignment for Psychology 312
- Studying for Psychology 312