About This Chapter
Conventions in English Grammar - Chapter Summary
Make sure you have a quality understanding of the conventions of English grammar by studying this chapter's fun lessons. Our instructors make it easy to fully comprehend comma usage, personal pronouns, adjectives, adverbs, verb tense, subject-verb agreement and more. Once you've completed this chapter, you will be able to:
- Differentiate between independent and dependent clauses
- Discuss the rules and signs of punctuation
- Explain the basic rules and correct usage of commas
- Exhibit knowledge of comma splices, sentence fragments and run-on sentences
- Outline how to identify the subject of a sentence
- Define misplaced modifiers and dangling modifiers
All lessons in this chapter are accessible as entertaining videos that average 8 minutes each and full transcripts you can print to take additional notes. Feel free to review the lessons in one or both formats and take accompanying quizzes to assess your knowledge of main concepts. Any questions you develop during your study process can be submitted to our experts via the Dashboard. Before taking your test, be sure to check your understanding of this chapter by taking our practice exam.
1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
2. What is Punctuation? - Rules & Signs
In this lesson, we'll find out what punctuation is. We'll then learn some rules for using the most common punctuation marks as well as review sample sentences utilizing the punctuation rules.
3. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
4. Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts
Learn more about comma usage from the pros! There are just too many ways to use the comma (it's a basic punctuation mark, after all) to fit in one sentence. Watch here to learn about some of the more common traps students fall into when trying to put commas in the right place.
5. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
6. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
7. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
8. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
9. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
10. What are Adjectives? - Definition & Examples
Adjectives are what give detail and engage the senses in our writing. This lesson defines and illustrates adjectives and descriptive detail in writing and speaking. Nouns and verbs are briefly reviewed.
11. What are Adverbs? - Definition & Examples
In this lesson, you'll learn what adverbs are and how they can be used to make your writing more interesting. You'll also take a look at some examples of adverbs and how they work in sentences.
12. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
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Other chapters within the CLEP College Composition: Study Guide & Test Prep course