About This Chapter
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- Students who have fallen behind in understanding writing grammar
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How it works:
- Find videos in our course that cover what you need to learn or review.
- Press play and watch the video lesson.
- Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
- Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
- Verify you're ready by completing the Conventions in Writing - Grammar chapter exam.
Why it works:
- Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
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Students will review:
In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:
- What are dependent and independent clauses?
- How can I make sure that my subjects and verbs agree?
- What are misplaced and dangling modifiers, and how can I avoid them?
- How can I write parallel sentences?
- What are some common punctuation and sentence errors?
1. Independent & Dependent Clauses: Subordination & Coordination
This lesson is about independent and dependent clauses, and how they make up a sentence. Dependent clauses, like the name suggests, rely on other elements in a sentence. Independent clauses, on the other hand, can stand alone. Learn more in this lesson.
2. Sentence Fragments, Comma Splices and Run-on Sentences
Sentence fragments, comma splices, and run-on sentences are grammatical and stylistic bugs that can seriously derail an otherwise polished academic paper. Learn how to identify and eliminate these errors in your own writing here.
3. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
4. Comma Usage: Avoid Confusion in Clauses & Contrasting Sentence Parts
Learn more about comma usage from the pros! There are just too many ways to use the comma (it's a basic punctuation mark, after all) to fit in one sentence. Watch here to learn about some of the more common traps students fall into when trying to put commas in the right place.
5. Punctuation: Using Colons, Semicolons & Periods
Periods, colons, and semicolons all have the ability to stop a sentence in its tracks, but for very different purposes. In this lesson, learn how and why we use them in our writing.
6. Parallelism: How to Write and Identify Parallel Sentences
Sentences that aren't parallel sound funny, even if they look perfectly correct at first glance. Learn what makes a sentence parallel, how to revise a sentence to make it parallel, and how to write beautiful, balanced sentences of your own.
7. What Are Personal Pronouns?
Pronouns are great for making sure debaters don't have to keep repeating the other guy's name over and over again, but they have many other uses too! In fact, pronouns, you could say, make reading readable. In part one, we'll cover personal pronouns and how they're used before moving on to more esoteric varieties.
8. Pronouns: Relative, Reflexive, Interrogative & Possessive
In this lesson, we'll look at relative, reflexive, interrogative and possessive pronouns. We'll do this by antagonizing our friend Gary with the whos, whats, whoms, and whichevers that make up these pronouns.
9. How to Identify the Subject of a Sentence
Don't pass over this lesson! You may think you know how to find subjects and verbs in a sentence, but picking them out can be harder than you think. Identifying subjects and verbs is the first step to unlocking nearly everything else about English composition.
10. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
11. Subject-Verb Agreement: Using Uncommon Singular and Plural Nouns and Pronouns
Subject-verb agreement is a tricky beast. Learn which uncommon singular and plural nouns and pronouns are most likely to trip you up when trying to craft essays with good grammar.
12. What Are Misplaced Modifiers and Dangling Modifiers?
I have this recurring nightmare where all my modifiers are misplaced or dangling and everybody's laughing at me. Don't let this happen to you! Learn why modifiers are important and why putting them in the right place is even more so.
13. Sentence Agreement: Avoiding Faulty Collective Ownership
A common error occurs whenever a writer uses wording that suggests that a lot of people own or use just one thing, when really they all own or use their own separate things. This video will explain how to identify and fix this type of error.
14. What is a Compound Sentence? - Examples & Definition
In this lesson, we'll cover compound sentences and how to create them by joining two or more independent clauses together. Compound sentences differ from other sentence types, and if you leave out their joining elements, you turn them into run-on sentences. After you review the lesson, you can test your knowledge of compound sentences with a quiz.
15. Intransitive Phrasal Verbs: Examples & Overview
Intransitive phrasal verbs occur quite often in sentence structure situations. Learn how to identify them through examples and a comprehensive lesson.
16. Common Grammar Mistakes: Examples & Correction
Learn about common grammar mistakes and how to correct them. Find out why common mistakes in grammar happen, and then take a quiz to test your knowledge.
17. What is a Complex Sentence? - Examples & Concept
In this lesson, you will find out what a complex sentence is and how it's structured. You'll also learn about different sentence types and how dependent, or subordinate, clauses function in complex sentences.
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Other chapters within the College English Composition: Help and Review course
- Conventions in Writing - Usage: Help and Review
- Writing Mechanics Help
- How to Revise an Essay: Help and Review
- Using Source Materials: Help and Review
- Parts of an Essay: Help and Review
- Essay Writing: Help and Review
- Reading and Understanding Essays: Help and Review
- Composition Best Practices - Theory and Application: Help and Review
- The Writing Process: Revision and Skill Development
- Teaching Writing
- Teaching Materials & Resources
- Prose Nonfiction
- Prose Fiction
- Nonfiction and Informational Text Skills Practice
- Teaching Literature
- Reading Basics
- Analyzing Reading
- Analyzing & Interpreting a Passage
- Analyzing Key Ideas of Nonfiction & Informational Text
- Teaching Reading
- Speaking Skills
- Reading for Key Ideas & Details
- Text Structure & Reading Skills
- Using & Evaluating Sources for Writing
- Reading & Thinking Critically