About This Chapter
Standard: Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.
About This Chapter
Students with an understanding of this standard can learn about different verb forms, including gerunds, participles and infinitives. Individuals will be able to explain the function of verbals in sentences. Students also learn about passive and active voices, as well as shifts in verb moods.
The lessons in this chapter explain several topics, such as:
- Identifying different verb forms
- Explaining the use of gerunds
- Differentiating between active and passive voice
- Ensuring subject-verb agreement
- Understanding shifts in verb voice and mood
Students show mastery of the material when composing sentences and essays. An understanding of different verb forms, moods and voices is vital to crafting strong, articulate sentences. Students will also learn where to place commas correctly, which is necessary to draft easy-to-read sentences. This standard prepares individuals for college or careers by making them clear communicators of the written word.
How to Use These Lessons in Your Classroom
Below are some tips on how to implement these lessons when instructing CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.8.1 in the classroom:
Verb Form Lessons
Watch the lessons on the function and types of verb forms, including participles, infinitives and gerunds. Give students example sentences, and ask them to correctly identify which verb forms are contained in the passages.
Verb Voice and Mood Lessons
Have your students view the lessons on verb voice and mood. Then have them provide example sentences that use both passive and active voice, as well as indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjective moods.
Comma Usage Lessons
After students have watched the lessons on comma usage and rules, provide them with an example paragraph that doesn't contain any commas. Have them insert commas in the correct places with a partner.
1. Verb Forms: Participles & Infinitives
Using verbs correctly involves knowing more than just how to express action in a sentence. This lesson will show you a few special types of verb forms - infinitives, present participles, and past participles - as well as how to use them.
2. Gerunds: Verbs That End in -ing
What is a gerund, and how are gerunds used? In this lesson, we'll go over how to spot a gerund and the different ways they're used by identifying them through examples and discussing their four forms.
3. Functions of Verbals: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
Sometimes verbs are cleverly masked as different parts of speech and are known as 'verbals.' In this lesson, we will learn the function of verbals (gerunds, participles, and infinitives) and look at how they operate in different types of sentences.
4. Verbs in Indicative, Imperative, Interrogative, Conditional & Subjunctive Moods
Every sentence communicates a mood. If someone is ordering you to do something, he or she is using an imperative sentence. Find out how to identify and use indicative, imperative, interrogative, conditional and subjunctive moods in this lesson.
5. Verb Tense & Subject-Verb Agreement
Learn all about verb tense and subject-verb agreement in our first lesson on this tricky topic. We'll look at examples to help you understand this concept.
6. Inappropriate Shifts in Verb Voice and Mood
If a person's attitude or tone of voice is constantly changing, he or she can be hard to read or understand. This can be applied to how we write. To communicate clearly, we need to recognize and correct inappropriate shifts in verb voice and mood.
7. Commas: Correct Usage & Basic Rules
Think that you know commas? You may be surprised. Even the most experienced writers have problems remembering all the rules. Learn the basics of comma usage in this first of two lessons on the comma.
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Other chapters within the Common Core ELA Grade 8 - Language: Standards course