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Ch 13: Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review

About This Chapter

The Corrections and Correctional Institutions chapter of this Intro to Criminal Justice Help and Review course is the simplest way to master an understanding of corrections and correctional institutions. This chapter uses simple and fun videos that are about five minutes long, plus lesson quizzes and a chapter exam to ensure students learn the essentials of corrections and correctional institutions.

Who's it for?

Anyone who needs help understanding introductory criminal justice material will benefit from taking this course. You will be able to grasp the subject matter faster, retain critical knowledge longer and earn better grades. You're in the right place if you:

  • Have fallen behind in understanding prisons or correctional measures.
  • Need an efficient way to learn about corrections and correctional institutions.
  • Learn best with engaging auditory and visual tools.
  • Struggle with learning disabilities or learning differences, including autism and ADHD.
  • Experience difficulty understanding your teachers.
  • Missed class time and need to catch up.
  • Can't access extra criminal justice resources at school.

How it works:

  • Start at the beginning, or identify the topics that you need help with.
  • Watch and learn from fun videos, reviewing as needed.
  • Refer to the video transcripts to reinforce your learning.
  • Test your understanding of each lesson with short quizzes.
  • Submit questions to one of our instructors for personalized support if you need extra help.
  • Verify you're ready by completing the Corrections and Correctional Institutions chapter exam.

Why it works:

  • Study Efficiently: Skip what you know, review what you don't.
  • Retain What You Learn: Engaging animations and real-life examples make topics easy to grasp.
  • Be Ready on Test Day: Use the Corrections and Correctional Institutions chapter exam to be prepared.
  • Get Extra Support: Ask our subject-matter experts any relevant question. They're here to help!
  • Study With Flexibility: Watch videos on any web-ready device.

Students will review:

In this chapter, you'll learn the answers to questions including:

  • What are some of the pros and cons of probation and parole?
  • How do jails and prisons maintain security?
  • What is the deprivation model, and how does it relate to prison subculture?
  • How do men's and women's prisons differ from each other?
  • What effect have some legal precedents had on prisoners' rights?
  • How do prison riots start, and what are the major stages?

36 Lessons in Chapter 13: Corrections & Correctional Institutions: Help and Review
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts

1. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts

Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.

Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes

2. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes

More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.

Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose

3. Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose

Today's prisons bear little resemblance to those of years past. This lesson outlines the historical development of United States' prisons and explains the main characteristics and purposes of American prisons.

Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues

4. Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues

Jails are one means of incarceration used in the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explains the role of jails, the difference between jails and prisons, and some challenges jail administrators face.

Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities

5. Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities

There are many different types of correctional facilities. Prisons and other facilities are operated at various levels of security, ranging from minimum to maximum. This lesson explains the custody and security in various types of correctional facilities.

Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model

6. Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model

Prison inmates often develop prison subcultures consisting of a shared system of customs and beliefs. This lesson explains prison subcultures and explores possible theories for how and why those subcultures develop.

Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations

7. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations

The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.

Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons

8. Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons

In the United States, most prison inmates are male. For that reason, there are more men's prisons than women's prisons and more services geared toward male inmates. This lesson explains the main differences between men's and women's prisons.

The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots

9. The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots

A prison riot is organized and combined defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners. Riots are usually meant to force a change in the prison or express some sort of grievance. This lesson explains the causes and stages of prison riots.

Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent

10. Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent

Prisoners have certain legal rights and privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Federal and state laws govern prisoners' rights. This lesson explains basic prisoners' rights, including major court cases and federal legislation.

Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today

11. Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today

There are several problems, issues, and trends facing prisons today. This lesson addresses three major prison matters: overcrowding, mental health care, and privatization.

Prison Labor: Pros & Cons

12. Prison Labor: Pros & Cons

In this lesson we will discuss how prison labor is used within institutional operations, the types of jobs inmates might work, the salary ranges of inmates, how work is used to rehabilitate inmates, and the general pros and cons concerning the use of inmate labor.

Prison Privatization: Pros & Cons

13. Prison Privatization: Pros & Cons

Private prisons are growing in number across the United States. Some people are in favor of private prisons and some are opposed. In this lesson, we define prison privatization and examine its pros and cons.

What is a Probation Officer? - Job Description, Duties & Requirements

14. What is a Probation Officer? - Job Description, Duties & Requirements

So, you think that you want to be a probation officer? A probation officer is an individual who meets with adults or juveniles who have been placed on probation by an order of the court because of a conviction for a criminal offense. It is your duty to ensure that the client fulfills all of the requirements ordered by the court and remains law abiding. A probation officer has many duties and must meet certain requirements to work in this field.

What is an Infraction? - Definition, Meaning & Examples

15. What is an Infraction? - Definition, Meaning & Examples

In this lesson, we will learn about the least serious offense in our justice system, an infraction. We will also look at some examples of infractions and compare infractions to the more serious offenses of misdemeanors and felonies.

Operational Capacity: Definition & Factors

16. Operational Capacity: Definition & Factors

In this lesson we will define operational capacity as it relates to correctional institutions and explore how prison design, prison staff, and inmate needs are all taken into consideration when determining the operational capacity of a prison.

Preventive Detention: Definition & Laws

17. Preventive Detention: Definition & Laws

What happens to a criminal after the crime but before the trial? This lesson will define preventive detention, and cover legal history of its use in the justice system.

Motivational Interviewing: Techniques & Training

18. Motivational Interviewing: Techniques & Training

Motivational interviewing is a unique approach to counseling that empowers clients. The counselor is a partner in a process that enables the client to lead and change.

Solitary Confinement: Definition & Effects

19. Solitary Confinement: Definition & Effects

In this lesson, we'll define and discuss solitary confinement and the situations in which it is employed. We'll also discuss the effect it has on prisoners and recent challenges made to its widespread use.

Conditional Release: Definition & Overview

20. Conditional Release: Definition & Overview

Getting out of jail early is something many prisoners dream about. Conditional release allows for the early release of a prisoner, but it also gives the prisoner similar rights and responsibilities of a parolee.

Reintegration: Definition, Model & Programs

21. Reintegration: Definition, Model & Programs

In this lesson, we will discuss the definition of reintegration as it pertains to criminal justice. We'll also explore a broad conceptual model of how reintegration works as well as some of the programs that are a part of the reintegration process.

Criminal Rehabilitation: Programs, Statistics & Definition

22. Criminal Rehabilitation: Programs, Statistics & Definition

Criminal rehabilitation is part of many prison programs. The idea being that not everyone is just born bad, but instead they are environmentally conditioned to make bad choices which can be fixed.

Absolute Discharge: Definition & Overview

23. Absolute Discharge: Definition & Overview

An absolute discharge is a sentence that can be given in the Canadian court system to minor offenders that the judge does not feel jail time or probation is necessary.

Conditional Discharge: Definition & Overview

24. Conditional Discharge: Definition & Overview

Conditional discharge is a legal judgment that essentially states that a defendant is guilty of a minor crime; however, the defendant is not formally convicted and the judgment is removed from the individual's record after a period of time as long as various conditions are met.

Community-Based Corrections: Programs & Types

25. Community-Based Corrections: Programs & Types

Learn what constitutes community-based corrections programs and discover why there was an increase in these programs in the 1960's. Examine the different types of community-based corrections programs and gain a thorough understanding of these programs.

Prison Gangs: History, Types & Statistics

26. Prison Gangs: History, Types & Statistics

This lesson will discuss the history of prison gangs. The lesson will also identify the different types of prison gangs and the statistics of gangs within the prison.

Prison Overcrowding: Statistics, Causes & Effects

27. Prison Overcrowding: Statistics, Causes & Effects

This lesson will discuss the statistics of overcrowding. We will also cover the causes and effects of prison overcrowding. There will be a quiz at the end of the lesson.

Prison Reform: History, Issues & Movement

28. Prison Reform: History, Issues & Movement

Since colonial times, people have fought to improve the conditions of prisoners in the United States. This lesson discusses the history of prison reform, the improvements reformers have fought for, and the groups that have been instrumental in the struggle.

Prison Reformer Elizabeth Fry: Biography & Facts

29. Prison Reformer Elizabeth Fry: Biography & Facts

We will discuss Elizabeth Fry and how she started the movement to reform prisons and help the less fortunate. After the lesson, there will be a quiz to test your knowledge.

Prison Security: Levels & Characteristics

30. Prison Security: Levels & Characteristics

Prison security has different levels and different characteristics and this lesson will discuss this. There will also be a short quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Prison Violence: Types, Causes & Statistics

31. Prison Violence: Types, Causes & Statistics

Violence can occur within the prison system. There are several types of violence within a prison and various reasons why violence can take place. In this lesson, learn about types, causes, and statistics about violence within prisons.

Recidivism: Definition, Causes & Prevention

32. Recidivism: Definition, Causes & Prevention

Once you have completed this lesson, you will understand what constitutes recidivism. You will review the definition of recidivism and examine the causes. In addition, you will look at the prevention of recidivism.

Shock Incarceration: Definition & Programs

33. Shock Incarceration: Definition & Programs

One type of incarceration is shock incarceration and this lesson will define exactly what that is. The lesson will also discuss the different shock incarceration programs available to offenders.

Specific Deterrence: Definition & Examples

34. Specific Deterrence: Definition & Examples

Specific deterrence is a method of punishment in the criminal justice system intended to discourage criminal behavior in the specific individual charged with the crime. In this lesson, you will be introduced to this concept.

Standard & Special Conditions of Probation

35. Standard & Special Conditions of Probation

This lesson will discuss probation. We will define probation and discuss standard probation and probation with special conditions. There will be a quiz at the end of the lesson.

Alternatives to Incarceration: Programs & Treatment

36. Alternatives to Incarceration: Programs & Treatment

In this lesson we will consider alternatives to incarceration, how they deviate from the traditional model of incarceration, and how they offer cost-saving options to the criminal justice system. We will examine several examples of alternatives to incarceration and explain the types of offenders most often targeted by these programs.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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