About This Chapter
Below is a sample breakdown of the Corrections & Correctional Institutions chapter into a 5-day school week. Based on the pace of your course, you may need to adapt the lesson plan to fit your needs.
|Day||Topics||Key Terms and Concepts Covered|
|Monday||History of corrections and its impact||Vigilante justice, government justice, corporal punishment, flogging, deterrence, transportation sentence, capital punishment, Bridewell Prison|
|Tuesday||History and purposes of prisons, probation and parole||Prisons, jails, Age of Enlightenment, solitary system, congregate system, prison reform; community supervision, prison overcrowding, saving taxpayer money, U.S. Parole Commission|
|Wednesday||Jails and correctional custody and security||Temporary holding facility, administrators, state unified system, metropolitan correctional centers; lawful custody, federal penitentiaries, restriction levels|
|Thursday||Prison subcultures, prisoner characteristics and prison riots||Total institution, prisonization, prison code, argot, BJS, adult certification, incarceration rates; poor prison management, overcrowding, group tensions, riot phases|
|Friday||Prisoner rights, men's vs. women's prisons and prison trends and problems||Constitutional rights, court precedent, PLRA, cruel and unusual punishment; violent crime, recidivism, shorter sentences, women's prison culture, crimes of survival, three strikes laws, mental illness, private prisons|
1. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts
Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.
2. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes
More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.
3. Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose
Today's prisons bear little resemblance to those of years past. This lesson outlines the historical development of United States' prisons and explains the main characteristics and purposes of American prisons.
4. Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues
Jails are one means of incarceration used in the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explains the role of jails, the difference between jails and prisons, and some challenges jail administrators face.
5. Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities
There are many different types of correctional facilities. Prisons and other facilities are operated at various levels of security, ranging from minimum to maximum. This lesson explains the custody and security in various types of correctional facilities.
6. Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model
Prison inmates often develop prison subcultures consisting of a shared system of customs and beliefs. This lesson explains prison subcultures and explores possible theories for how and why those subcultures develop.
7. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations
The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.
8. Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons
In the United States, most prison inmates are male. For that reason, there are more men's prisons than women's prisons and more services geared toward male inmates. This lesson explains the main differences between men's and women's prisons.
9. The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots
A prison riot is organized and combined defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners. Riots are usually meant to force a change in the prison or express some sort of grievance. This lesson explains the causes and stages of prison riots.
10. Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent
Prisoners have certain legal rights and privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Federal and state laws govern prisoners' rights. This lesson explains basic prisoners' rights, including major court cases and federal legislation.
11. Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today
There are several problems, issues, and trends facing prisons today. This lesson addresses three major prison matters: overcrowding, mental health care, and privatization.
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Other chapters within the Introduction to Criminal Justice Syllabus Resource & Lesson Plans course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology Lesson Plans
- Theories of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Types of Crime: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Criminal Justice Field Lesson Plans
- The U.S. Court System: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Law in the U.S.: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System Lesson Plans
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice Lesson Plans
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S. Lesson Plans
- The Role of the Police Department Lesson Plans
- The Juvenile Justice System: Intro to Criminal Justice Lesson Plans