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Ch 14: Corrections & Correctional Institutions

About This Chapter

Watch online video lessons to study some of the issues facing correctional institutions and examine the purposes of probation and parole. You can also take short multiple-choice quizzes to affirm your understanding of these criminal justice topics.

Corrections & Correctional Institutions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives

In addition to a short history of corrections, this chapter can give you some insight into how officers and administrators manage the custody of the men and women locked up in federal and state correctional institutions. You'll also take a look at prison life from the perspective of inmates and explore subjects ranging from prison riots to early forms of punishment. By the time you finish the lessons in this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:

  • The roles of jails and prisons in the criminal justice system
  • Issues facing correctional administrators
  • Prison subculture and inmate rights
  • The uses of probation and parole

Video Objectives
The History of Corrections and Its Impact on Modern Concepts Take a look at modern correctional philosophies. Learn how they've been influenced by earlier forms of punishment.
Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes Explore the purposes of probation and parole. Consider their advantages and disadvantages.
Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose Get a historical overview of the development of prisons. Compare and contrast federal and state prisons. Assess the role private prisons play in the corrections system.
Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues Examine some of the administrative issues facing contemporary jails. Learn what role they play in the corrections system.
Custody & Security in Maximum, Medium & Minimum Security Correctional Facilities Find out how inmate custody is handled in minimum, medium and maximum security prisons.
Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model: Inmate & Officer Perspectives Take a look at prison subculture from the perspectives of inmates and correctional offers. Learn how the deprivation model is used to explain institutional behavior.
Inmate Characteristics Explore the demographic characteristics of state and federal inmates.
Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons Compare and contrast characteristics of men's and women's prisons.
The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots Identify the causes of prison riots and learn to recognize their various stages.
Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Consequences of Court Precedent Take a look at Supreme Court decisions establishing the rights of prisoners.
Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today Recognize some of the issues and problems facing contemporary prisons.

11 Lessons in Chapter 14: Corrections & Correctional Institutions
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts

1. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts

Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.

Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes

2. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes

More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.

Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose

3. Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose

Today's prisons bear little resemblance to those of years past. This lesson outlines the historical development of United States' prisons and explains the main characteristics and purposes of American prisons.

Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues

4. Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues

Jails are one means of incarceration used in the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explains the role of jails, the difference between jails and prisons, and some challenges jail administrators face.

Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities

5. Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities

There are many different types of correctional facilities. Prisons and other facilities are operated at various levels of security, ranging from minimum to maximum. This lesson explains the custody and security in various types of correctional facilities.

Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model

6. Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model

Prison inmates often develop prison subcultures consisting of a shared system of customs and beliefs. This lesson explains prison subcultures and explores possible theories for how and why those subcultures develop.

Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations

7. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations

The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.

Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons

8. Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons

In the United States, most prison inmates are male. For that reason, there are more men's prisons than women's prisons and more services geared toward male inmates. This lesson explains the main differences between men's and women's prisons.

The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots

9. The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots

A prison riot is organized and combined defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners. Riots are usually meant to force a change in the prison or express some sort of grievance. This lesson explains the causes and stages of prison riots.

Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent

10. Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent

Prisoners have certain legal rights and privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Federal and state laws govern prisoners' rights. This lesson explains basic prisoners' rights, including major court cases and federal legislation.

Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today

11. Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today

There are several problems, issues, and trends facing prisons today. This lesson addresses three major prison matters: overcrowding, mental health care, and privatization.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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