About This Chapter
Corrections & Correctional Institutions - Chapter Summary and Learning Objectives
In addition to a short history of corrections, this chapter can give you some insight into how officers and administrators manage the custody of the men and women locked up in federal and state correctional institutions. You'll also take a look at prison life from the perspective of inmates and explore subjects ranging from prison riots to early forms of punishment. By the time you finish the lessons in this chapter, you should be familiar with the following:
- The roles of jails and prisons in the criminal justice system
- Issues facing correctional administrators
- Prison subculture and inmate rights
- The uses of probation and parole
|The History of Corrections and Its Impact on Modern Concepts||Take a look at modern correctional philosophies. Learn how they've been influenced by earlier forms of punishment.|
|Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes||Explore the purposes of probation and parole. Consider their advantages and disadvantages.|
|Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose||Get a historical overview of the development of prisons. Compare and contrast federal and state prisons. Assess the role private prisons play in the corrections system.|
|Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues||Examine some of the administrative issues facing contemporary jails. Learn what role they play in the corrections system.|
|Custody & Security in Maximum, Medium & Minimum Security Correctional Facilities||Find out how inmate custody is handled in minimum, medium and maximum security prisons.|
|Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model: Inmate & Officer Perspectives||Take a look at prison subculture from the perspectives of inmates and correctional offers. Learn how the deprivation model is used to explain institutional behavior.|
|Inmate Characteristics||Explore the demographic characteristics of state and federal inmates.|
|Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons||Compare and contrast characteristics of men's and women's prisons.|
|The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots||Identify the causes of prison riots and learn to recognize their various stages.|
|Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Consequences of Court Precedent||Take a look at Supreme Court decisions establishing the rights of prisoners.|
|Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today||Recognize some of the issues and problems facing contemporary prisons.|
1. History of Corrections & its Impact on Modern Concepts
Today's corrections system is much different than the early punishment system. This lesson outlines the historical development of the United States' corrections system and explains its impact on modern concepts.
2. Probation & Parole: Overview, History & Purposes
More offenders are sentenced to probation and parole than are sentenced to incarceration. This lesson explains the history and purpose of probation and parole, including the difference between the two.
3. Prisons: History, Characteristics & Purpose
Today's prisons bear little resemblance to those of years past. This lesson outlines the historical development of United States' prisons and explains the main characteristics and purposes of American prisons.
4. Jails in the U.S.: Role & Administrative Issues
Jails are one means of incarceration used in the U.S. criminal justice system. This lesson explains the role of jails, the difference between jails and prisons, and some challenges jail administrators face.
5. Custody & Security in Correctional Facilities
There are many different types of correctional facilities. Prisons and other facilities are operated at various levels of security, ranging from minimum to maximum. This lesson explains the custody and security in various types of correctional facilities.
6. Prison Subcultures & the Deprivation Model
Prison inmates often develop prison subcultures consisting of a shared system of customs and beliefs. This lesson explains prison subcultures and explores possible theories for how and why those subcultures develop.
7. Prisoners: Characteristics of U.S. Inmate Populations
The Bureau of Justice Statistics, or BJS, collects, analyzes and publishes data relating to crime in the United States. This lesson discusses BJS data regarding the characteristics of prison inmate populations, including age, gender and race.
8. Differences Between Men's & Women's Prisons
In the United States, most prison inmates are male. For that reason, there are more men's prisons than women's prisons and more services geared toward male inmates. This lesson explains the main differences between men's and women's prisons.
9. The Causes & Stages of Prison Riots
A prison riot is organized and combined defiance or disorder by a group of prisoners. Riots are usually meant to force a change in the prison or express some sort of grievance. This lesson explains the causes and stages of prison riots.
10. Prisoners' Rights: Legal Aspects & Court Precedent
Prisoners have certain legal rights and privileges guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution. Federal and state laws govern prisoners' rights. This lesson explains basic prisoners' rights, including major court cases and federal legislation.
11. Major Problems, Issues & Trends Facing Prisons Today
There are several problems, issues, and trends facing prisons today. This lesson addresses three major prison matters: overcrowding, mental health care, and privatization.
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Other chapters within the Criminal Justice 101: Intro to Criminal Justice course
- Introduction to Crime & Criminology
- Theories of Crime
- Types of Crime
- Victims & Victimization in Criminal Justice
- The Criminal Justice Field
- The U.S. Court System
- Constitutional Law in the U.S.
- Criminal Law in the U.S.
- The Criminal Trial in the U.S. Justice System
- The Sentencing Process in Criminal Justice
- Criminal Justice Agencies in the U.S.
- Law Enforcement in the U.S.
- The Role of the Police Department
- The Juvenile Justice System
- Studying for Criminal Justice 101