Ch 3: Counseling Theories & Models

About This Chapter

The important schools of thought and common counseling practices are examined in this refresher chapter. You'll find content on Gestalt therapy, behavioral theory, the theories of Alfred Adler and more.

Counseling Theories & Models - Chapter Summary

Brush up on Freud's psychoanalytic theory and various psychoanalytic therapy techniques while looking over the lessons in this chapter. Review rational emotive behavior therapy along with reality therapy and its limitations. Explore the rest of the chapter to check the strength of your grip on:

  • Person-centered therapy
  • Creative therapies
  • The work of Carl Rogers
  • Transactional analysis
  • Principles and components of cognitive behavioral therapy

This chapter's engaging videos run only 5 minutes apiece, approximately. The video tags conveniently let you pinpoint particular parts in the video for additional review. The practice quizzes give you a quick and accurate way to assess your content knowledge and retention.

15 Lessons in Chapter 3: Counseling Theories & Models
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.

Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

2. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory on Instincts, Motivation, Personality & Development

Learn how Sigmund Freud's theories helped shape our modern understanding of human motivation and personality development. Review key terms and take a quiz at the end of the lesson to test your knowledge.

Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

3. Psychoanalytic Therapy: Free Association, Dream Analysis and Transference & Resistance

Psychoanalytic therapy has many techniques. This lesson will explore four of these techniques: free association, dream analysis, and the analysis of transference and resistance.

Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

4. Alfred Adler's Theories: Overview & Summary

Alfred Adler's psychoanalytic theory of individual psychology has had a large impact. This lesson will provide a brief overview, explain key concepts, and explore the therapeutic technique used by Adler.

Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

5. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.

What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

6. What is Gestalt Therapy? - Definition and Overview

Learn the way counseling is viewed when considering Fritz Perls' idea of Gestalt. Explore the meaning of Gestalt and its impact on the therapeutic process as you watch this lesson.

Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

7. Techniques in Gestalt Therapy: Exercises and Experiments

Exercises and experiments are two techniques in Gestalt therapy that are used to increase a client's present awareness. Learn more about how these techniques work in this lesson.

Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

8. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.

Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

9. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.

Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations

10. Reality Therapy: Techniques, Goals & Limitations

In this lesson, we will explore William Glasser's reality therapy. We will cover topics such as how does this therapy works, its therapeutic goals, and techniques that are used by the counselor.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

11. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.

Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

12. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?

Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations

13. Creative Therapies: Goals, Techniques & Limitations

Do you ever feel like you are acting out a script in your life? Are your feelings better expressed through music or art? Do stressful situations provide you with insight? If so, the creative therapies may be for you!

Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor

14. Transactional Analysis Therapy and the Role of the Counselor

Eric Berne was influenced by traditional psychoanalytic theory and neuroscience in his creation of transactional analysis. This lesson explores the therapeutic relationship in transactional analysis and describes this user friendly form of therapy.

Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

15. Structural Analysis, Game Analysis and Script Analysis in Transactional Analysis Theory

Structural analysis, game analysis, and script analysis are all essential parts of transactional analysis therapy. This lesson will explore these concepts and why they are important.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
Not Taken
Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
Not Taken

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