Ch 9: Counseling Theories

About This Chapter

This chapter examines several counseling theories that have made a significant impact on the field. You'll review the concepts involved with these theories and approaches while learning about related figures and principles.

Counseling Theories - Chapter Summary

The lessons in this chapter flesh out the techniques and concepts involved with several influential theories of counseling. You'll learn all about what distinguishes these approaches while familiarizing yourself with important counseling terms and models. Topics discussed include the importance of counseling theory, behavioral therapy, Gestalt theory, and all of the following:

  • Wellness vs. pathology within theoretical models
  • Central principles of affective counseling theory
  • Humanistic theory and psychotherapy
  • The goals and methods of person-centered therapy
  • Existential therapy
  • Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approaches
  • Techniques of rational emotive behavior therapy

Within the dashboard feature you can get a quick glance at your recent activity and progress through the chapter while checking out links to related content. You'll also find practice quizzes that you can attempt as many times as you feel necessary. When you're done with the chapter, you can test yourself in a more overall fashion by means of the practice final exam.

12 Lessons in Chapter 9: Counseling Theories
Test your knowledge with a 30-question chapter practice test
The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models

The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.

Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models

2. Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models

This lesson will discuss the differences in a wellness or pathological approach to mental health treatment. Can these approaches both be appropriate or are they always used separately?

Affective Counseling Theory: Definition & Key Principles

3. Affective Counseling Theory: Definition & Key Principles

Some counseling theories center on a person's thoughts or behavior. In affective counseling theory, the focus is on emotions and feelings. Learn the definition, key principals and affective theoretical frameworks in this lesson.

Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

4. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy

Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.

Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

5. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques

What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.

Gestalt Theory and Approaches to Counseling

6. Gestalt Theory and Approaches to Counseling

What is gestalt theory, and how can it influence therapy? In this lesson, we'll look at gestalt theory, the types of resistance to contact that can cause psychological issues, and how gestalt theorists treat patients.

Existential Therapy: Definition & Key Concepts

7. Existential Therapy: Definition & Key Concepts

What is the philosophy behind existential therapy? How is it structured and what assumptions does it make about human nature? Let's discover the answers to these questions.

Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques

8. Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques

Existential therapy is derived from philosophical roots. What is the meaning of life? Who am I? How does existential therapy work by attempting to answer these questions?

Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

9. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals

How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.

Behavioral Approaches in Therapy

10. Behavioral Approaches in Therapy

What is the relationship between the stimulus-response model, applied behavior analysis, social-cognitive theory, and changing behavior? Is there really more than one way to look at behavioral therapy?

Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

11. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies

Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

12. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques

What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.

Chapter Practice Exam
Test your knowledge of this chapter with a 30 question practice chapter exam.
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Practice Final Exam
Test your knowledge of the entire course with a 50 question practice final exam.
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