About This Chapter
Counseling Theories - Chapter Summary
The lessons in this chapter flesh out the techniques and concepts involved with several influential theories of counseling. You'll learn all about what distinguishes these approaches while familiarizing yourself with important counseling terms and models. Topics discussed include the importance of counseling theory, behavioral therapy, Gestalt theory, and all of the following:
- Wellness vs. pathology within theoretical models
- Central principles of affective counseling theory
- Humanistic theory and psychotherapy
- The goals and methods of person-centered therapy
- Existential therapy
- Cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approaches
- Techniques of rational emotive behavior therapy
Within the dashboard feature you can get a quick glance at your recent activity and progress through the chapter while checking out links to related content. You'll also find practice quizzes that you can attempt as many times as you feel necessary. When you're done with the chapter, you can test yourself in a more overall fashion by means of the practice final exam.
1. The Importance of Counseling Theory and Models
The importance of different theories in counseling practice is discussed in this lesson. Learn what evidence-based practice is and whether all theoretical models are used with each client.
2. Wellness vs. Pathology in Theoretical Models
This lesson will discuss the differences in a wellness or pathological approach to mental health treatment. Can these approaches both be appropriate or are they always used separately?
3. Affective Counseling Theory: Definition & Key Principles
Some counseling theories center on a person's thoughts or behavior. In affective counseling theory, the focus is on emotions and feelings. Learn the definition, key principals and affective theoretical frameworks in this lesson.
4. Carl Rogers' Humanistic Theory and Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers is often credited with being one of the most influential psychologists of the 20th century with contributions that include client-centered therapy, self-actualization, and the theory of self.
5. Person-Centered Therapy: Goals & Techniques
What are the goals and techniques used in person-centered therapy? Why is the client/counselor relationship important? Answer these questions and learn more in this lesson.
6. Gestalt Theory and Approaches to Counseling
What is gestalt theory, and how can it influence therapy? In this lesson, we'll look at gestalt theory, the types of resistance to contact that can cause psychological issues, and how gestalt theorists treat patients.
7. Existential Therapy: Definition & Key Concepts
What is the philosophy behind existential therapy? How is it structured and what assumptions does it make about human nature? Let's discover the answers to these questions.
8. Existential Therapy: Goals & Techniques
Existential therapy is derived from philosophical roots. What is the meaning of life? Who am I? How does existential therapy work by attempting to answer these questions?
9. Behavioral Theory in Counseling: Techniques & Goals
How do behavioral theorists use scientific methodology in counseling? How effective is this approach and what are its limitations? Learn the answers to these questions in this lesson.
10. Behavioral Approaches in Therapy
What is the relationship between the stimulus-response model, applied behavior analysis, social-cognitive theory, and changing behavior? Is there really more than one way to look at behavioral therapy?
11. Cognitive and Cognitive-Behavioral Therapies
Thought processes, emotions, and behaviors - oh my! Does the way we process information affect our emotional health and reactions to the world around us?
12. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy (REBT): Definition & Techniques
What do you get when you take Albert Ellis and have him merge cognitive techniques with behaviorism? Why REBT, of course! Learn more about the application of rational emotive behavior therapy in this lesson.
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Other chapters within the NCE Exam: Study Guide & Practice course
- Human Growth & Development in Psychology
- Learning & Personality Development
- Abnormal Development in Psychology
- Fundamental Issues in Counseling
- Social & Cultural Diversity in Counseling
- Identity Theory & Development
- Helping Relationships in Counseling
- The Process of Counseling
- Psychoanalytic Theories
- Family Systems in Counseling
- School Counseling
- Overview of Group Counseling
- Counseling Career Development
- Counseling Assessments
- Diagnostic & Assessment Services in Counseling
- Counseling Research & Program Evaluation
- The History of Counseling and Psychotherapy
- Professional Counseling Orientation & Practice
- Ethical and Legal Issues in Counseling
- NCE Exam Flashcards