About This Chapter
Creativity, Intelligence and Language - Chapter Summary
This chapter is designed to help you answer two important questions: what is intelligence and what is language? You will learn about the biological bases of intelligence and how both creativity and the intellect develop in children, adolescents and adults. You'll also receive an overview of intelligence testing and multiple intelligences.
During the language portion of this lesson, the instructor will discuss heuristics, or the methods by which we discover solutions to questions and problems ourselves. The different stages of language development will also be covered, including the use of pre-linguistic and symbolic language. When you complete this chapter, you should be familiar with
- Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
- Perkins Theory of Learnable Intelligence
- How environmental and genetic influence IQ
- The relationship between creativity and divergent thinking
- Types of heuristics, including availability, base rate and representation
- How the environment and culture influence language development
- The relationship between the nativist perspective and language development
These concise and engaging lessons are taught by experienced educators and professionals and are designed to expedite the learning process. Key features include lesson transcripts, where links to key terms lead to text-based tutorials with additional information. You can also use the video tags to revisit important parts of the lesson - without having to re-watch the entire video! When you're ready, the online self-assessment quizzes can help you test your own knowledge of lesson materials.
1. A Life-Span View of Intelligence: Definition & Aspects
In this lesson, we will explore a handful of topics that are often relevant to the research of intelligence. We'll also take a look at how intelligence changes as we age.
2. History of Intelligence Testing in Psychology
Throughout the years, there have been many methods used that attempted to accurately quantify and measure human intelligence. You've probably heard of or taken an IQ test, but what does an IQ test actually measure? Find out in this lesson.
3. Intelligence Testing and Types
Most people have heard of IQ. But how is it measured and what does it mean? In this lesson, we'll look at the history of intelligence testing, major types of intelligence tests, and the debate and controversy over intelligence.
4. Studying Intelligence: Biological vs. Environmental Factors
Have you ever wondered if your intelligence is entirely due to genetics or if it's shaped by the environment surrounding you? In this lesson, you'll learn about the factors that affect and influence a person's intelligence.
5. What is Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences?
Which types of intelligence do you identify with? As you watch this video on Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, you'll learn that intelligence can be a diverse concept not limited to one area.
6. Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
This lesson will help you understand the triarchic theory and the three types of intelligence proposed by Robert Sternberg: analytical, creative, and practical.
7. Perkins' Theory of Learnable Intelligence
What is learnable intelligence? Find out in this lesson and learn to differentiate between the three types of intelligence described by David Perkins in his theory of learnable intelligence.
8. IQ: Environmental and Genetic Influences
Do genetics play a role in intelligence? What about the environment a person grows up in? Explore some of the evidence that exists for each of these factors, as well as how researchers attempt to answer these questions in the following lesson.
9. Analytical Intelligence, Divergent Thinking & Creativity
Some people tend to think more analytically, while some are creative thinkers by nature. Is creativity an important skill for solving problems? In this lesson, we'll learn the differences between creative and analytical thinking and discover ways to nurture creative thinking.
10. Infant Creativity and Intelligence
How is infant intelligence measured? In this lesson, you'll learn to recognize common measures of infant intelligence as well as what information these measures can provide.
11. Child Creativity and Intelligence
What is an IQ score? What do these scores mean? What role does creativity play in a child's development? Explore these concepts with this lesson and test your knowledge with a quiz at the end.
12. Creativity and Intelligence in Adolescence
You know that emotional and physical changes take place during adolescence, but what about intellectual changes? Learn about the behavior of IQ during this time and find out why it is important to encourage creativity in adolescents.
13. Adult Creativity and Intelligence: Changes with Age
Does IQ increase as we get older? Does it decrease? Does it remain the same? Explore the different ways to answer these questions and discover the roles of crystallized and fluid intelligence in this lesson.
14. Types of Heuristics: Availability, Representativeness & Base-Rate
Did you know that our brain uses strategies to process information and draw conclusions? Although we're able to reach conclusions through these mental strategies, sometimes, our reasoning can be off. Read on to discover how our brain draws these conclusions and why they can be wrong.
15. What Is Language?
Have you ever wondered how human language is constructed to form meaning? Why is language more complex than animal calls? In this lesson, we'll take a look at the basic units language and learn how meaning is formed.
16. Language Acquisition: Definition, Theories & Stages
Have you ever wondered how humans are able to learn, process, comprehend and speak a language? In this lesson on language acquisition, we'll take a look at some distinctions between languages and learn how babies come to understand and speak a language.
17. Stages of Language Development: Pre-Linguistic and Symbolic Language
How does language expression emerge in children? Learn about the development of syntax in children through the pre-linguistic and linguistic stages of language development in this lesson.
18. The Effects of Environment and Culture on Language Development
Both environmental and cultural factors have an impact on early language development. This lesson will provide examples to consider and discuss possible reasons for this impact.
19. The Nativist Perspective and Language Development
In this lesson, learn how we develop language according to the nativist perspective. Discover Noam Chomsky's idea of the language acquisition device (LAD) and its role in this process.
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Other chapters within the Praxis Psychology (5391): Practice & Study Guide course
- Theories on Human Growth & Development
- Genetic Influences on Psychological Development
- Prenatal Development and Birth
- Physical and Motor Development
- Development of Sense & Perception
- Overview of Cognitive Development
- Social Development Through the Lifespan
- Aging, Death & Dying
- Atypical Development in Humans
- Social Psychology Fundamentals
- Elements of Social Psychology
- Psychological Health & Disorders
- Methods of Psychological Treatment
- Sleep & Other States of Consciousness
- Learning & Psychology
- Motivation & Emotion in Psychology
- Biology & Behavior in Psychology
- Senses & Perception
- Research Methodology and Statistics
- Personality Components & Assessment
- Praxis Psychology Flashcards